U.S. Department of Agriculture: Agricultural Research Service, Lincoln, Nebraska


Date of this Version



Published in Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 38: 1203–1220, 2007. DOI: 10.1080/00103620701328289


This research was conducted with Biscayne marl soil and Krome gravelly loam from Florida and Quincy fine sand and Warden silt loam from Washington to determine ammonia (NH3) volatilization at various temperature and soil water regimes. Potassium nitrate (KNO3), ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3), ammonium sulfate [(NH4)2SO4], or urea were applied to the soil at a rate of 75 kg N ha-1. Soil water regime was maintained at either 20% or 80% of field capacity (FC) and incubated at 11, 20, or 29 °C, which represented the minimum, average, and maximum temperatures, respectively, during the potato growing season in Washington. Results indicated that the ammonia volatilization rate at 20% FC soil water regime was two- to three-fold greater than that at 80% FC. The cumulative volatilization loss over 28 days was up to 25.7%. Results of this study demonstrated that ammonia volatilization was accelerated at low soil water regimes.