Date of this Version
Septicemic infections of marine and estuarine fishes caused by Pasteurella have been known since the early 1960's. A Pasteurella caused a massive mortality of white perch (Morone americanus) and striped bass (M. saxatilis) in Chesapeake Bay in 1963 (Snieszko et al. 1964), and of cage-cultured yellowtails (Seriola quinqueradiata) in Japan in 1964 (Matsusato 1975). Pasteurellosis has spread to most areas in Japan where yellowtails are propagated and is one of the important bacterial diseases of the species. In 1972, 360 metric tons of yellowtails were lost. The terms bacterial tuberculoidosis and pseudotuberculosis (Kubota et al. 1970) have also been used to describe Pasteurella infections. As additional marine species are propagated, pasteurellosis will be a potential disease problem. The purpose of this leaflet is to review what is now known about the disease.