US Fish & Wildlife Service


Date of this Version



Published in Wildlife Circular 11 (1941) 42 p.


Salt marshes of the Atlantic coast have been formed under the opposed tendencies of sinking of the land and of its upbuilding by silt and sand. The plants that form the marshes occupy zones largely determined by the degree of inundation by tides. Eelgrass entirely submerged, smooth cordgrass regularly washed by the tide, and marsh hay covered only by exceptionally high water are characteristic plants. Each zone is the home or feeding area of certain kinds of wildlife. The appearance, distribution, and habits of the more common species are described, and general wildlife conservation is urged. This circular, which is intended for educational use, is a revision of Department of Agriculture Circular 520, issued in March 1939.