US Geological Survey


Date of this Version



Published in Condor 85:74-78.


Survival characteristics of 25 broods of Mallards (Anas platyrhynchos) were determined on a study area in the Missouri Coteau of south-central North Dakota in 1976-1977. Radio-equipped Mallard hens fledged at least one duckling in 7 of 16 (44%) broods produced in 1976, 5 of 9 (55%) in 1977, and 12 of 25 (48%) for both years combined. Of the 13 broods in which all young were lost, 11 (85%) were lost within the first two weeks after hatching. All losses of entire broods occurred in wetlands; few ducklings and no entire broods were lost during overland travel. Predation by mink (Mustela vison) was apparently the principal cause of duckling mortality.