US Geological Survey


Date of this Version



Published in Economic Geology Vol. 87, 1992, pp. 1911-1918.


Stibnite (Sb2S3), berthierite (FeSb2S4), and chalcostibite (CuSbS2) are important antimony-bearing minerals. Stibnite is the main ore mineral of antimony and occurs as an important accessory in many epigenetic ore deposits, especially in later stages of deposition or in peripheral facies of mineralization. Berthierite is a common accessory mineral in antimony deposits. Its occurrence, particularly in gold-antimony deposits, has received considerable scientific attention. Furthermore, stibnite, berthierite, and chalcostibite represent important reference phases for understanding phase equilibria in more complex systems, such as those containing tetrahedrite-tennantite solid solutions.