Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, Department of



Published in final edited form as: Curr Mol Pharmacol. 2017 ; 10(3): 237–248. doi:10.2174/1874467208666150817111727.

Curr Mol Pharmacol. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2018 January 01.


Author manuscript; available in PMC 2018 January 01.


For more than 30 years, lipid droplets (LDs) were considered as an inert bag of lipid for storage of energy-rich fat molecules. Following a paradigm shift almost a decade ago, LDs are presently considered an active subcellular organelle especially designed for assembling, storing and subsequently supplying lipids for generating energy and membrane synthesis (and in the case of hepatocytes for VLDL secretion). LDs also play a central role in many other cellular functions such as viral assembly and protein degradation. Here, we have explored the structural and functional changes that occur in hepatic and adipose tissue LDs following chronic ethanol consumption in relation to their role in the pathogenesis of alcoholic liver injury.