Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, Department of


Date of this Version



January 2021, Vol. 11, No. 1

doi: 10.1093/af/vfaa052


2021 Shi, Wang, McVey


John Steinbeck drew the title of his novel “Of Mice and Men” from a line in a Robert Burns poem “To a mouse”: “The best-laid plans of mice and men/Go often awry.” Unlike John Steinbeck who used the title to mirror the characters who were struggling during the Great Depression to the mouse whose nest was accidentally destroyed by the poet (Burns 1785), we chose this line to emphasize that the best-laid plan can go wrong in infectious disease control and prevention. Here, we will discuss the contributing factors behind the global successes and failures in the prevention and control of swine fevers— classical swine fever (CSF) and African swine fever (ASF).