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The development of large swine production facilities has been highly controversial in Nebraska for the past several years. A major focus of the “hog wars” has been county livestock zoning regulations. In Nebraska, livestock facilities are subject to state environmental regulation by the Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality, and to local zoning regulations if the county is zoned (or if the livestock facility will be located near a zoned community). The number of zoned counties has more than doubled in the last decade from 36 to at least 75. Most of the newly zoned counties have adopted zoning in order to regulate the size and location of confined livestock facilities (which typically would be swine confinements).