Agricultural Economics Department


Date of this Version



Cornhusker Economics (April 2011)


Published by University of Nebraska–Lincoln Extension, Institute of Agriculture & Natural Resources, Department of Agricultural Economics. Copyright © [2011] Board of Regents, University of Nebraska.


A substantial cost to beef cattle producers is the development or purchase of replacement females. Each year, beef cattle producers may replace as many as 20 percent of the herd, with the average being close to 16 percent. With so much of the producer’s success riding on the proper care, development and cost of supplying replacement heifers, it is no surprise that the literature is filled with studies devoted to determining the ideal maturity and strategies to develop them.

While the question of determining beef heifer replacement strategies has been studied in some detail, the complexity of relationships between the contributing factors and an ever changing industry invite updating and improvement in the methodologies used to manage and study this topic.