Evaluation of the Feeding Value of Proso Millet in Growing-Finishing Diets for Pigs and Effects of Feed Ingredients and Medium-Chain Fatty Acids on Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome Virus (PRRSV) Survivability
Hiep L. X. Vu
Phillip S. Miller
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Publication citation of the thesis followed APA style
The objective of the project were to: 1) evaluate the feeding value of proso millet as a potential substitute for corn in corn-soybean meal-based diets for pigs; and 2) investigate the relationship between feed ingredients and virus survivability, followed by examining feed additive candidates that could mitigate the risk of transmission of viral pathogens.
In Exp. 1, 36 barrows were fed 1 of 4 dietary treatments, including: Diet 1, corn-soybean meal-based (control), and Diets 2, 3, and 4 had proso millet replacing 33%, 67%, and 100% of corn in the control diet, respectively. During Phase 3, pigs consuming the proso millet diets (Diets 2, 3, and 4) had greater ADFI than pigs consuming the basal diet, but ADG:ADFI was not different among groups. The growth parameters (i.e., ADG, ADFI, and ADG:ADFI) were not affected by treatments during the whole experimental period (from Phase 1 to Phase 4), suggesting that the level of corn replacement up to 100% by proso millet did not affect pig growth.
In Exp. 2, ground corn, SBM, DDGS, and a complete feed, were inoculated with PRRSV, followed by a cell-based antiviral assay and qRT-PCR to evaluate the infectivity of each virus-inoculated ingredient. A significant reduction of infectious PRRSV was observed in ground corn, DDGS and complete feed, while SBM retained the highest amount of the infectious virus among ingredients and controls. The results suggested that the survivability of PRRSV in feed appears to be influenced by ingredient type. The follow-up experiment was conducted to assess the antiviral activity of selected MCFAs, as determined by antiviral assay and qRT-PCR. The antiviral assay showed that all tested MCFA and MCFA blends inhibit PRRSV in a dose-dependent manner, indicating that MCFAs and the specific mixture of fatty acids may potentially serve as mitigants for reducing the risk of PRRSV transmission via feed.
Advisor: Hiep L. X. Vu & Phillip S. Miller