Animal Science, Department of


Document Type


Date of this Version



Genomics 114 (2022) 110274



This is an open access article under the CC BY license


The cotyledon and caruncle tissues provide a functional bridge between the fetus and the dam. However, the relationship between these tissues and the transcriptomic profile that underlies the tissue functions remains elusive. Herein we investigate the expression profile of cotyledon and caruncle from nulliparous beef heifers carrying female fetuses at day 83 of pregnancy to identify changes occurring across tissues that contribute to placental function and their tissue-specific roles. We identified 2654 differentially expressed genes [padj ≤ 0.05, abs(log2FC) ≥ 1], including nutrient transporters and paternally imprinted genes. We found key regulators of tissue function and differentiation, including FOXO4, GATA2, GATA3, and HAND1, rewired between the tissues. Finally, we shed light on the over-represented pathways related to immune tolerance, tissue differentiation and remodeling. Our findings highlighted the intricate and coordinated cross-talk between fetal-maternal tissues. They provided evidence of a fine-tuned gene regulatory network underlying pregnancy and tissue-specific function in the bovine placenta.