Management Department


Date of this Version



Published in Management and Organization Review, Volume 1, Issue 2 (July 2005), pages 249–271. doi 10.1111/j.1740-8784.2005.00011


Copyright © 2005 The International Association for Chinese Management Research. Used by permission.


Everyone knows about China’s huge population and the fast-growing economy. Although macro-level sociological and economic analyses have given some attention to the linkage between the two, at the micro level, the relationship between human resources and, more specifically, psychological capital of Chinese workers and their performance has been largely ignored. Within the context of three factories (two private and one state-owned) in the People’s Republic of China, this exploratory study examined the relationship of a sample (n=422) of Chinese workers’ positive psychological capital states and their performance. Results indicated the workers’ positive states of hope, optimism, and resiliency, separately and when the three were combined into a core construct of psychological capital, significantly correlated with their performance, as rated by their supervisors. An analysis of workers in one of the factories (n=272) also found a significant relationship between the workers’ positive psychological capital and the performance outcome of relative merit-based salary. Limitations, future research, and practical implications conclude the article.



美于中園,女所周知的是其令多的人口和快過增長的經濟。且然宏視居面的社 含辛和經濟半分析注意到了兩者祠的朕系,但在微視居面,人力資源,更具体地愣, 中園工人的心理資本勻其工作績效的美系在很大程度上是被忽視了。本項探索性研 究通述考察中園的三家工r( 兩家小体企血和一家固有企~) ,探汁了中固工人的 心理資本狀恣(取祥人教 N= 422) 和其工作領效的美系。研究結果且示,中園工 人的希望、主長親、以及堅韌性三項心理狀恣指杯,元捨是單項j丕是合并方一小核心 心理資本交量,都勻他們的工作績效(由其主管i平{介)有旦著相夫。通述文才其中一 家工r( 取梓人數N= 272) 的分析逐友現,中園工人的心理資本勻基于~績工資 制的領效表現有看里著的美系。本文指出了該研究的局限,未末的研究方向以及財 笑肢的意火。