There is hardly a legal doctrine so universally criticized as municipal tort immunity, which is at the same time so universally followed by the courts. At the present time the courts of all but three states still grant at least partial immunity for governmental functions.

I. Abrogation of Municipal Tort Immunity

II. Scope of Abrogation

III. Constitutionality of Municipal Tort Immunity

IV. Prospective Judicial Abrogation

V. Conclusion