Architectural works, as expressed and embodied in buildings, architectural plans, and drawings, stand protected as subject matter of copyright, effective December 1, 1990. On that date, President Bush signed legislation that created a new category of protectable subject matter for architectural works. The new law, titled the Architectural Works Copyright Protection Act, effects changes that were determined necessary to fulfill requirements of the Berne Convention, to which the United States became a signatory on March 1, 1989.

I. Introduction

II. Analysis of Definitions

III. Analysis of the New Subject Matter

IV. Analysis of Scope of Exclusive Rights in Architectural Works

V. The Effect of the Visual Artists Act on Architectural Works

VI. Infringement

VII. Remedies

VIII. Preemption and Effective Date

IX. Conclusion