I. What Has the Ninth Circuit Done? … A. The Ninth Circuit 2013 Constitutional Opinion ... B. Does This Lead Down a New Constitutional Path?
II. The Multibillion Dollar Ninth Circuit Question in California ... A. The California Low Carbon Fuel Standard ... B. The State Law Challenge to the LCFS ... C. The Federal Trial Court Constitutional Challenge … 1. Discrimination against Out-of-State Commerce ... 2. California Regulation beyond State Borders ... 3. Preemption of California Regulation ... D. The Ninth Circuit Majority ... E. Professors as Friends of the Court ... F. The Dissent in the Ninth Circuit
III. Can the Ninth Circuit Reconfigure the Supreme Court’s Constitutional Precedent? ... A. Geographic Discrimination Is Any Geographic Distinction, Not Only State-Versus-State Economic Protectionism ... B. The Least Burdensome State Regulatory Choice? ... C. The Lack of Local Impact of GHG Emissions ... D. Elevating Environmental Rationale to Sanction Geographic Discrimination ... E. Prior California Precedent on Environmental Rationale Is Ignored ... F. No Facial Discrimination? ... 1. What Is Facial ... 2. Discriminatory Effect without Express Language ... 3. Or Discriminatory Legislative Purpose ... 4. Extraterritorial Reach of One State’s Regulatory Power ... a. Beyond the Police Power ... b. Balkanization
IV. Supreme Court Precedent-Changing Implications of the Ninth Circuit Decision Going Forward ... A. A “Virtual” Split in the Circuits? ... 1. The Seventh Circuit’s Unanimous Decision on Unconstitutional State Energy Discrimination against Out-of-State Energy ... 2. The Second Circuit Holding of Unconstitutional State Regulation of Energy in Interstate Commerce ... 3. Recent Federal Trial Court Constitutional Energy Decisions ... 4. The Circuits’ “Virtual Split” ... B. Can the Ninth Circuit Change Many Decades of Supreme Court Interpretation of the Constitution?
V. Can Any Climate-Interested State Now Discriminate against Interstate Commerce Irrespective of Supreme Court Precedent? ... A. Trash-Talking at the Appellate Level Vis-à-Vis the Supreme Court ... 1. Methane CH4 ... 2. Movement of Commerce ... B. Today Renewable Fuels, Tomorrow Food, Electricity, and Airline Travel? ... 1. Eat This! ... 2. Into Thin Air ... 3. GHG Linkage ... 4. Going Up!
Can the Ninth Circuit Overrule the Supreme Court on the Constitution?,
93 Neb. L. Rev. 807
Available at: http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/nlr/vol93/iss4/2