The Nebraska Beef Reports contain a summary of research conducted by scientists and graduate students in the Animal Science Department. The target audience for these reports are livestock producers, extension educators, and people in agri-business. The articles are written in a format and style with our Nebraska clientele in mind that is easy to read and understand.

2016

Effect of Harvest Method on Residue Quality, Tasha M. King, Robert G. Bondurant, Jana L. Harding Harding, Jim C. MacDonald, and Terry J. Klopfenstein

Effect of Diet on the Rumen Microbial Community Composition of Finishing Cattle and the Role it Plays in Methane Emissions, Allison L. Knoell, Christopher L. Anderson, Anna C. Pesta Pesta, Galen E. Erickson, and Terry J. Klopfenstein

Effect of Feeding Dried De-oiled Distillers Grains and Addition of Postmortem Antioxidants on Ground Beef Shelf Life, Jenae C. Martin, Brandy D. Cleveland, Tommi F. Jones Jones, Jim C. MacDonald, and Gary Sullivan

Impact of Crude Glycerin Supplementation on Rumen and Duodenal Microbial Populations in Forage Diets, Andrea R. McCain, Robert G. Bondurant, Melissa Jolly Jolly, Jana L. Harding, Samodha C. Fernando, and Jim C. MacDonald

Effect of Corn Residue Composition on Digestibility by Lambs, Levi J. McPhillips, Janessa J. Updike, Jim C. MacDonald Donald, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Jana L. Harding, and Melissa L. Jolly- Breithaupt

Finishing Yearling Heifers Using Self- Fed Dried Distillers Grains on Pasture, Jared M. Mracek, Jason M. Warner, Bradley R. Wetovick Wetovick, Dennis E. Bauer, Twig T. Marston, Jim C. MacDonald, Jerry D. Volesky, and Richard J. Rasby

Effect of Safeguard® on Fecal Egg Count and Steer Performance in Newly Received Calves, Antonio J. Neto, Curtis J. Bittner, Brandon L. Nuttelman Nuttelman, and Galen E. Erickson

Effect of MGA vs CIDR Estrus Synchronization on Estrus Response and Pregnancy Rates in 311 d Old Beef Heifers, Hazy R. Nielson, Rosemary V. Anderson, and Rick N. Funston Funston

How Many Clean-up Bulls Are Needed aft er Estrus Synchronization and Artificial Insemination?, Hazy R. Nielson and Rick N. Funston

Comparison of TAI at GnRH Injection and Delayed Insemination of Non- estrus Beef Heifers, Hazy R. Nielson, Dan J. Kelly, T. L. Meyer, and Rick N. Funston

Effect of Feeding De-oiled Dry Distillers Grains Plus Solubles on Beef Oxidation, Color and Tenderness, Keni E.Z. Nubiato, Katherine I. Domenech, Galen E. Erickson Erickson, and Chris R. Calkins

Evaluation of Distillers Grains Components Singly or in Combination in a Calf Fed Feedlot Study, Rachel A. Oglesbee, Curtis J. Bittner, F. Henry Hilscher Hilscher, Galen E. Erickson, Jim C. MacDonald, and Matt K. Luebbe

Student Perceptions and Knowledge of the Feedlot Industry and the Feedyard Management Specialization Internship, Rachel A. Oglesbee, Meredith L. Bremer, Kari L. Lewis Lewis, Dennis R. Brink, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Jim C. MacDonald, and Galen E. Erickson

Rumen Protected Amino Acids in Finishing Cattle Diets, Colton Oney, Curtis J. Bittner, F. Henry Hilscher Hilscher, Andrea K. Watson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Galen E. Erickson, and Whitney Rounds

Methane Production, Diet Digestibility, and VFA Profile of Growing Steers Fed High or Low Quality Forage, A. C. Pesta, M. L. Jolly- Breithaupt, Samodha C. Fernando Fernando, Paul J. Kononoff, and Galen E. Erickson

Use of Dietary Nitrate or Sulfate for Mitigation of Methane Production by Finishing Steers, Anna C. Pesta, Robert G. Bondurant, Samodha C. Fernando Fernando, and Galen E. Erickson

Effects of Direct- Fed Microbial Supplementation in Different Diets on Performance and Carcass Characteristics of Beef Feedlot Heifers, Laura F. Prados, Nirosh D. Aluthge, Curtis J. Bittner Bittner, F. Henry Hilscher, Samodha C. Fernando, and Galen E. Erickson

Impact of a Newly Developed Direct- Fed Microbial on Performance in Finishing Beef Steers, Laura F. Prados, Nirosh D. Aluthge, Robert G. Bondurant Bondurant, Samodha C. Fernando, and Galen E. Erickson

Impact of Inoculating Corn Silage with Buchnerii 500 on Feedlot Cattle Performance with or without Added Yeast Product at Time of Feeding, Cassandra A. Row, Curtis J. Bittner, Jana L. Harding Harding, James C. MacDonald, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Angel A. Aguilar, Renato J. Schmidt, and Galen E. Erickson

Effect of Corn Plant Maturity on Yield and Nutrient Quality of Corn Plants, 2- Year Summary, Cassandra A. Row, Robert G. Bondurant, Andrea K. Watson Watson, Jana Harding, Jim C. MacDonald, Terry J. Klopfenstein, and Galen E. Erickson

Cows with Excess Androgen are Anovulatory and Have Differing Patterns of Progesterone Secretion, Renata Spuri- Gomes, Sarah C. Tenley, Mohamed A. Abedal- Majed Majed, Scott G. Kurz, Jeff Bergman, Jennifer R. Wood, and Andrea S. Cupp

Effects of Supplementing OmniGen- AF® with or without Ractopamine Hydrochloride on Performance and Carcass Characteristics of Feedlot Steers, Kelby M. Sudbeck, Robert G. Bondurant, Troy J. Wistuba Wistuba, Kevin C. DeHaan, James C. MacDonald, Galen E. Erickson, and Matt K. Luebbe

Effects of Supplemental Energy and Protein Source on Performance of Steers Grazing Irrigated Corn Residue, Benjamin T. Tibbitts, Jim C. MacDonald, Rick N. Funston Funston, Cody A. Welchons, Robert G. Bondurant, and F. Henry Hilscher

Evaluation of Different Byproduct Combinations along with Treated Corn Stover on Growing Steer Performance, Kristen M. Ulmer, Curtis J. Bittner, F. Henry Hilscher Hilscher, Galen E. Erickson, and James C. MacDonald

Observations of Forage Quality and Calf Gain when Grazing Double Cropped Forage following Wheat Harvest, Kristen M. Ulmer, Robert G. Bondurant, Jana L. Harding Harding, Gary Lesoing, M. E. Drewnoski, and James C. MacDonald

Effect of Corn Residue Harvest Method on In Vivo and In Vitro Digestibility, Janessa J. Updike, Levi J. McPhillips, Melissa L. Jolly- Breithaupt Breithaupt, Jana L. Harding, Terry J. Klopfenstein, and Jim C. MacDonald

Effects of Wintering System on Cow and Calf Performance in a Summer-Calving Intensive Production System, Jason M. Warner, Curtis J. Bittner, Robert G. Bondurant Bondurant, Karla H. Jenkins, Richard J. Rasby, Matt K. Luebbe, Galen E. Erickson, and Terry J. Klopfenstein

Evaluation of Varying Corn Grain (and Byproduct) Inclusion in Beef Cattle Finishing Diets, Andrea K. Watson, Matt K. Luebbe, and Galen E. Erickson Erickson

Effect of Pelleted Byproducts on Performance When Fed to Growing Cattle, Cody A. Welchons, Curtis J. Bittner, Dirk Burken Burken, Jim C. MacDonald, and Galen E. Erickson

Effect of Pelleted Feed Products and Bambermycins on Performance When Fed to Cattle Grazing Residue, Cody A. Welchons, Robert G. Bondurant, F. Henry Hilscher Hilscher, Jim C. MacDonald, Galen E. Erickson, and Cody A. Nichols

Performance and Economics of Supplementing Yearlings on Smooth Bromegrass Pastures, Cody A. Welchons, Robert G. Bondurant, Terry J. Klopfenstein Klopfenstein, Jim C. MacDonald, and Andrea K. Watson

2015

2015 Beef Cattle Report (complete)

Statistics Used in the Nebraska Beef Report and Their Purpose

Comparison of Wet or Dry Distillers Grains Plus Solubles to Corn as an Energy Source in Forage-Based Diets, Nerissa A. Ahern, Brandon L. Nuttelman, Terry J. Klopfenstein Klopfenstein, James C. MacDonald, and Galen E. Erickson

Genetic Parameter Estimates for Calving Difficulty and Birth Weight in a Multibreed Population, Cashley M. Ahlberg, Larry A. Kuehn, R. Mark Thallman Thallman, Stephen D. Kachman, and Matthew L. Spangler

Effect of 300 or 400 mg Daily of Ractopamine Hydrochloride on Growth Performance and Carcass Characteristics of Finishing Steers During the Last 14, 28, or 42 Days, Curtis J. Bittner, Dirk B. Burken, Adam L. Shreck Shreck, James C. MacDonald, Galen E. Erickson, and Nathan A. Pyatt

Effects of Next Enhance® Concentrations in Finishing Diets on Performance and Carcass Characteristics of Yearling Feedlot Cattle, Curtis J. Bittner, Galen E. Erickson, Karla H. Jenkins Jenkins, Matt K. Luebbe, Martin A. Andersen, and Geoff I. Zanton

Response to Increasing Concentrations of De-oiled Modified Distillers Grains Plus Solubles in Beef Feedlot Diets, Meredith L. Bremer, Curtis J. Bittner, Dirk B. Burken Burken, Galen E. Erickson, and James C. MacDonald

Feeding Value of De-oiled Wet Distillers Grains Plus Solubles Relative to Normal When Fed with Either Dry-Rolled Corn or Steam-Flaked Corn in Beef Finishing Diets, Meredith L. Bremer, Marie E. Harris, Jake A. Hansen Hansen, Karla H. Jenkins, Matt K. Luebbe, and Galen E. Erickson

Digestibility of De-Oiled Modified Distillers Grains Plus Solubles in Forage-Based Diets, Meredith L. Bremer, Sarah J. Peterson, Adam L. Shreck Shreck, Galen E. Erickson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, and James C. MacDonald

Evaluation of Rumen Metabolism and Digestibility of Corn Silage and MDGS Finishing Diets, Dirk B. Burken, Shelby E. Gardine, Jana L. Harding Harding, Melissa L. Jolly-Breithaupt, and Galen E. Erickson

The Effects of Corn Price, Shrink, and Harvest Moisture on Corn Silage Economics, Dirk B. Burken, Terry J. Klopfenstein, and Galen E. Erickson Erickson

Feeding Elevated Levels of Corn Silage and MDGS in Finishing Diets, Dirk B. Burken, Brandon L. Nuttelman, Curtis J. Bittner Bittner, Terry J. Klopfenstein, and Galen E. Erickson

A Basic Mechanism of Beef Tenderization: Feeding Wet Distillers Grains Plus Solubles Contributes to Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Membrane Instability, Michael D. Chao, Katherine I. Domenech, and Chris R. Calkins Calkins

Effect of Feeding Distillers Grains in Different Phases of Production on the Fatty Acid Profile and Oxidation of Frozen, Cooked Beef Links, Brandy D. Cleveland, Amy L. Redfield, James C. MacDonald Donald, Tommi F. Jones, and Gary A. Sullivan

Effect of Corn Residue Removal on Subsequent Crop Yields, Mary E. Drewnoski, L. Aaron Stalker, James C. MacDonald Donald, Galen E. Erickson, Kathy J. Hanford, and Terry J. Klopfenstein

Effects of Processing Treated Corn Stover and Distillers Grains on Performance of Growing Cattle, Jana L. Harding, Curtis J. Bittner, Dirk B. Burken Burken, Galen E. Erickson, and James C. MacDonald

Effects of Replacing Corn with a Pelleted Treated Corn Stover and Distillers Grains on Performance of Finishing Cattle, Jana L. Harding, Curtis J. Bittner, Dirk B. Burken Burken, Galen E. Erickson, and James C. MacDonald

Effects of Replacing Corn with a Pelleted Treated Corn Stover and Distillers Grains on Intake and Total Tract Digestibility of Finishing Diets, Jana L. Harding, Melissa L. Jolly-Breithaupt, Galen E. Erickson Erickson, and James C. MacDonald

Using Enspira to Improve Fiber Digestion, Jana L. Harding, Adam L. Shreck, Melissa L. Jolly-Breithaupt Breithaupt, Galen E. Erickson, and James C. MacDonald

Evaluating Two Rates of Monensin Fed During the Grain Adaptation Period on Cattle Performance and Carcass Characteristics, Marie E. Harris, Galen E. Erickson, Karla H. Jenkins Jenkins, and Matt K. Luebbe

Effect of Distillers Grains Plus Solubles and Monensin Supplementation on Grazing Steers, Tyler L. Hasenauer, Terry J. Klopfenstein, James C. MacDonald Donald, Robby G. Bondurant, and Dirk B. Burken

Effect of Zinc and Copper Source on Finishing Steer Feedlot Performance and Incidence of Footrot, E. Henry Hilscher, Galen E. Erickson, Scott B. Laudert Laudert, Robert J. Cooper, Bill D. Dicke, D. J. Jordon, and Tony L. Scott

Effects of Three Aggressive Implant Protocols on Feedlot Performance and Carcass Traits of Calf-Fed Steers, F. Henry Hilscher, Galen E. Erickson, Marshall N. Streeter Streeter, Robert J. Cooper, Bill D. Dicke, D. J. Jordon, and Tony L. Scott

Efficacy of Bovatec 2.2 Mineral Blocks for Cattle Grazing Crested Wheatgrass Pastures, Karla H. Jenkins, Jacob A. Hansen, and Matt K. Luebbe Luebbe

Using Sugar Beet Pulp to Replace Wheat Straw when Limit Feeding Late Gestation Beef Cows, Karla H. Jenkins, Matt K. Luebbe, and Terry J. Klopfenstein Klopfenstein

Nutrient Digestibility and Ruminal pH of Finishing Diets Containing Dry Milling Byproducts With and Without Oil Extraction, Melissa L. Jolly-Breithaupt, Adam L. Shreck, Jana L. Harding Harding, James C. MacDonald, Terry J. Klopfenstein, and Galen E. Erickson

Dried Distillers Grains Supplementation of Calves Grazing Irrigated Corn Residue, Mandi Jones, James C. MacDonald, Galen E. Erickson Erickson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, and Robby Bondurant

Comparison of Commercial Lick Tubs to Distillers Grains Supplementation for Calves Grazing Corn Residue, Mandi Jones, James C. MacDonald, Galen E. Erickson Erickson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Kathleen R. Brooks, Dirk B. Burken, Robby Bondurant, and Andrea K. Watson

Evaluation of Changes in Nutritional Quality of Corn Residue Over Time, Mandi Jones, James C. MacDonald, Terry J. Klopfenstein Klopfenstein, Galen E. Erickson, Keith Glewen, and Andrea K. Watson

Effects of Grazing on Nebraska Sandhills Meadow Forage Nutrient Content, Jared V. Judy, Jacki A. Musgrave, L. Aaron Stalker Stalker, Karla H. Jenkins, and Terry J. Klopfenstein

Stocking Rate Effects on Forage Nutrient Composition in Early Summer Pastures, Jared V. Judy, Jacki A. Musgrave, L. Aaron Stalker Stalker, K. H. Jenkins, and Terry J. Klopfenstein

Effect of Diet on the Rumen Microbial Community Composition of Growing Cattle and the Role It Plays in Methane Emissions, Allison L. Knoell, Christopher L. Anderson, Anna C. Pesta Pesta, Galen E. Erickson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, and Samodha C. Fernando

The Effects of Source and Amount of Nitrite on Quality Characteristics of All-Beef Frankfurters, Eric Miller, Chad G. Bower, Amy L. Redfield Redfield, and Gary A. Sullivan

Effects of Ingestion and Collection Bag Type on Nutrient Composition of Forage Samples from Esophageally Fistulated Cattle, Jacqueline A. Musgrave, Jared Judy, Aaron Stalker Stalker, Terry Klopfenstein, and Karla Jenkins

Impact of Heifer Development System on Subsequent Gain and Reproduction, Hazy R. Nielson, John D. Harms, Adam F. Summers Summers, Rebecca A. Vraspir, and Rick N. Funston

A Comparison of Two Implant Protocols: Synovex-Choice/Synovex-Plus vs. Synovex-S/Revalor-S on Steer Feedlot Performance and Carcass Characteristics, Hazy R. Nielson, Adam F. Summers, and Rick N. Funston Funston

Effects of Dietary Fat Source and Monensin on Methane Emissions, VFA Profile, and Performance of Finishing Steers, Anna C. Pesta, Andrea K. Watson, Robert G. Bondurant Bondurant, Samodha C. Fernando, and Galen E. Erickson

Digestibility of Calcium Oxide Treated Corn Residue with De-Oiled Distillers Grains, Sarah J. Peterson, Meredith L. Bremer, Adam L. Shreck Shreck, James C. MacDonald, and Galen E. Erickson

Effect of Corn Plant Maturity on Yield and Nutrient Quality of Corn Plants, Cassandra A. Row, Adam L. Shreck, Robert G. Bondurant Bondurant, Curtis J. Bittner, Jana L. Harding, James C. MacDonald, Terry J. Klopfenstein, and Galen E. Erickson

Estimation of British- and Continental-Specific Heterosis Effects for Birth, Weaning, and Yearling Weight in Cattle, Lauren N. Schiermiester, R. Mark Thallman, Larry A. Kuehn Kuehn, and Matthew L. Spangler

Effect of Harvest Method on In Vitro Digestibility of Corn Residues, Janessa J. Updike, Jana L. Harding, Terry J. Klopfenstein Klopfenstein, and James C. MacDonald

Evaluation of the Impact of an Alternative Corn Residue Harvest Method on Performance and Methane Emissions from Growing Cattle, Janessa J. Updike, Anna C. Pesta, Robert G. Bondurant Bondurant, James C. MacDonald, Samodha Fernando, Galen E. Erickson, and Terry J. Klopfenstein

Effect of Post-Weaning Management and Age at Weaning on Calf Growing and Finishing Performance, Jason M. Warner, Curtis J. Bittner, Karla H. Jenkins Jenkins, Rick J. Rasby, Terry J. Klopfenstein, and Galen E. Erickson

Effects of Calf Age at Weaning on Cow and Calf Performance and Feed Utilization in an Intensive Production System, Jason M. Warner, Curtis J. Bittner, Karla H. Jenkins Jenkins, Rick J. Rasby, Matt K. Luebbe, Galen E. Erickson, and Terry J. Klopfenstein

Supplementing Cow-Calf Pairs Grazing Smooth Bromegrass, Jason M. Warner, Annie J. Doerr, Galen E. Erickson Erickson, Rick J. Rasby, and Terry J. Klopfenstein

An Economic Analysis of Conventional and Alternative Cow-Calf Production Systems, Jason M. Warner, Andrea K. Watson, K. H. Jenkins Jenkins, Rick J. Rasby, Kate Brooks, and Terry J. Klopfenstein

Mineral Composition of Beef Cattle Carcasses, Andrea K. Watson, Jana L. Harding, Matt P. McCurdy Curdy, Matt J. Hersom, Kristin E. Hales, Clint R. Krehbiel, and Galen E. Erickson

Mineral Composition of Serial Slaughter Holstein Carcasses, Andrea K. Watson, Trent J. McEvers, Lee-Anne J. Walter Walter, Nathan D. May, Jacob A. Reed, N. Andy Cole, Ty E. Lawrence, James C. MacDonald, and Galen E. Erickson

Anaerobic Digestion of Feedlot Manure, Andrea K. Watson, Adam L. Shreck, Amy M. Schmidt Schmidt, Terry J. Klopfenstein, and Galen E. Erickson

2014

2014 Nebraska Beef Cattle Report

2014 Nebraska Beef Cattle Report -- Frontmatter & Contents

Differences in Fecal Bacterial Community Composition Between Beef Steers which are High-Shedders and Low-Shedders of Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia coli (STEC), Nirosh D. Aluthge, Yoshitha A. Wanniarachchi, Brandon L. Nuttelman Nuttelman, Cody J. Schneider, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Galen E. Erickson, and Samodha C. Fernando

Effects of Dietary Change on Viral-Bacterial Interactions in the Rumen of Cattle, Christopher L. Anderson, Melissa L. Jolly, Adam L. Shreck Shreck, Galen E. Erickson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, and Samodha C. Fernando

Effects of Feeding Next Enhance® in Finishing Diets on Performance and Carcass Characteristics, Curtis J. Bittner, Galen E. Erickson, Karla H. Jenkins Jenkins, Matt K. Luebbe, and Troy J. Wistuba

Energy Value of De-Oiled Modified Distillers Grains Plus Solubles in a Forage-Based Diet, Meredith L. Bremer, Andrea K. Watson, Dirk B. Burken Burken, James C. MacDonald, and Galen E. Erickson

Effect of Feeding Different Types of Byproducts and Concentrations Throughout a Beef Growing System on Ground Beef Color and Lipid Oxidation, Joe O. Buntyn, Brandy D. Cleveland, Amy L. Redfield Redfield, James C. MacDonald, Galen E. Erickson, Tommi F. Jones, Ty B. Schmidt, and Gary A. Sullivan

Feeding Elevated Levels of Corn Silage and MDGS in Finishing Diets, Dirk B. Burken, Brandon L. Nuttelman, Terry J. Klopfenstein Klopfenstein, and Galen E. Erickson

Effect of Feeding Distillers Grains and Supplementing with Dietary Antioxidants on Ground Beef Color During Retail Display, Brandy D. Cleveland, Chad G. Bower, Amy L. Redfield Redfield, and Gary A. Sullivan

Effect of Natural Antioxidant Concentration on Lipid Oxidation of Ready-to-Eat Ground Beef Links from Cattle Fed Distillers Grains in Different Phases of Production, Brandy D. Cleveland, Joe O. Buntyn, Amy L. Redfield Redfield, James C. MacDonald, Galen E. Erickson, Tommi F. Jones, Ty B. Schmidt, and Gary A. Sullivan

Lipid Oxidation in Cooked Ground Beef Links from Cattle Fed Distillers Grains in Different Phases of Production, Brandy D. Cleveland, Joe O. Buntyn, Amy L. Redfield Redfield, James C. MacDonald, Galen E. Erickson, Tommi F. Jones, Ty B. Schmidt, and Gary A. Sullivan

Impact of Feeding Alkaline-Treated Corn Stover at Elevated Amounts in Commercial Feedlot Cattle, Rob Cooper, Bill Dicke, D. J. Jordon Jordon, Tony Scott, Casey Macken, and Galen E. Erickson

Shelf Life of Cooked Ground Beef Patties From Cattle Fed Wet Distillers Grains with Solubles, Nathan T. Dierks, Tommi F. Jones, Kimberly A. Varnold Varnold, Derek J. Schroeder, Amy L. Redfield, and Gary A. Sullivan

Effect of Feeding De-oiled Wet Distillers Grains Plus Solubles on Beef Fatty Acid Profiles, Katherine I. Domenech, Kim A. Varnold, Michelle E. Semler Semler, Michael D. Chao, Tommi F. Jones, Galen E. Erickson, and Chris R. Calkins

Effect of Feeding De-oiled Wet Distillers Grains Plus Solubles on Beef Oxidation and Tenderness, Katherine I. Domenech, Kim A. Varnold, Michelle E. Semler, Michael D. Chao, Tommi F. Jones, Galen E. Erickson, and Chris R. Calkins

Effect of Winter Supplementation Level on Yearling System Profit Across Economic Scenarios, Kari L. Gillespie, Terry J. Klopfenstein, James C. MacDonald Donald, Brandon L. Nuttelman, and Cody J. Schneider

Economics of Distillers Grains Supplementation in a Forage System with Spayed Heifers, Kari L. Gillespie, Terry J. Klopfenstein, James C. MacDonald Donald, Brandon L. Nuttelman, Cody J. Schneider, Galen Erickson, and J. D. Volesky

Distillers Grains Supplementation in a Forage System with Spayed Heifers, Kari L. Gillespie, Terry J. Klopfenstein, James C. MacDonald Donald, Brandon L. Nuttelman, Cody J. Schneider, Jerry D. Volesky, and Galen Erickson

Replacement of Grazed Forage and Animal Performance when Distillers Grains are Fed in a Bunk or on the Ground on Summer Range, Kari L. Gillespie, L. Aaron Stalker, Terry J. Klopfenstein Klopfenstein, Jerry D. Volesky, and Jacki A. Musgrave

Using Enspira™ to Improve Fiber Digestion, Jana L. Harding, Galen E. Erickson, and James C. MacDonald Donald