National Wildlife Research Center

NWRC Website

4101 LaPorte Avenue
Fort Collins, CO 80521
tel: (970) 266-6000 fax: (970) 266-6032


The U.S. Department of Agriculture's National Wildlife Research Center (NWRC) is the federal institution devoted to resolving problems caused by the interaction of wild animals and society. The Center applies scientific expertise to the development of practical methods to resolve these problems and to maintain the quality of the environments shared with wildlife.

This site contains publications of the NWRC or its staff. Material prepared by employees of the US Government in the course of their official duties cannot be copyrighted.

2003

Rodent Hunt, Dr. Ray Sterner

ORAL RABIES VACCINATION: REDUCING ECONOMIC UNCERTAINTY VIA RESPONSE SURFACE ANALYSIS, Ray T. Sterner, Matthew A. Kling, Stephanie A. Shwiff, and Dennis Slate

Impacts of small mammals and birds on low-tillage, dryland crops, Ray T. Sterner, Brett E. Petersen, Stanley E. Gaddis, Kenneth L. Tope, and David J. Poss

EFFECTS OF RADIO-TRANSMITTERS ON FECAL GLUCOCORTICOID LEVELS IN CAPTIVE DICKCISSELS, Kimberly M. Suedkamp Wells, Brian E. Washburn, Joshua J. Millspaugh, Mark R. Ryan, and Michael W. Hubbard

BEAVER POPULATION SIZE ESTIMATION IN MISSISSIPPI, Seth R. Swafford, Dale L. Nolte, Kris Godwin, Charles A. Sloan, and Jeanne Jones

DOUBLE-CRESTED CORMORANT IMPACTS TO COMMERCIAL AND NATURAL RESOURCES, Jimmy D. Taylor II and Brian S. Dorr

The Deer Boom: Discussins on Population Growth and Range Expansion of the White-Tailed Deer, Kurt C. VerCauteren

Red lasers are ineffective for dispersing deer at night, Kurt C. VerCauteren, Scott E. Hygnstrom, Michael J. Pipas, Paul B. Fioranelli, Scott J. Werner, and Bradley F. Blackwell

COYOTE-ACTIVATED FRIGHTENING DEVICES FOR REDUCING SHEEP PREDATION ON OPEN RANGE, Kurt C. VerCauteren, Michael J. Lavelle, and Steve Moyles

COYOTE-ACTIVATED FRIGHTENING DEVICES FOR REDUCING SHEEP PREDATION ON OPEN RANGE, Kurt C. VerCauteren, Michael J. Lavelle, and Steve Moyles

Characteristics of grit in Canada goose gizzards, Kurt C. VerCauteren, Michael J. Lavelle, and Kirk J. Shively

A review of color vision in white-tailed deer, Kurt C. VerCauteren and Michael J. Pipas

Stored-crop loss due to deer consumption, Kurt C. VerCauteren, Michael J. Pipas, Phil Peterson, and Scott F. Beckerman

Predator odours as reproductive inhibitors for Norway rats, Vera V. Voznessenskaya, Sergey V. Naidenko, Natalia Yu. Feoktistova, Georgy J. Krivomazov, Lowell A. Miller, and Larry Clark

Low Mitochondrial DNA Variation in Double-crested Cormorants in Eastern North America, Juliann L. Waits, Michael L. Avery, Mark E. Tobin, and Paul L. Leberg

Low Mitochondrial DNA Variation in Double-crested Cormorants in Eastern North America, Juliann L. Waits, Michael L. Avery, Mark E. Tobin, and Paul L. Leberg

USING FECAL GLUCOCORTICOIDS FOR STRESS ASSESSMENT IN MOURNING DOVES, Brian E. Washburn, Joshua J. Millspaugh, John H. Schulz, Susan B. Jones, and Tony Mong

UNDERSTANDING BLACKBIRD SENSORY SYSTEMS AND HOW REPELLENT APPLICATIONS WORK, Scott J. Werner and Larry Clark

Status of Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus research and management in North America, Scott J. Werner and Shauna L. Hanisch

Ineffectiveness of Sulfur-based Odors as Nesting Deterrents Against European Starlings, Randolph J. White and Bradley F. Blackwell

Black-tailed Prairie Dog Management in Urban-Suburban Settings: Opportunities and Challenges, Gary W. Witmer, Mark Brennan, Donna Dees, Brian Hoffmann, Frances Pusateri, Cary Richardson, and David Seery

MYCOBACTERIAL DISEASES IN WILDLIFE, Gary W. Witmer, Thomas DeLiberto, Kurt C. VerCauteren, and Peter Butchko

THE USE OF TOXICANTS IN BLACK-TAILED PRAIRIE DOG MANAGEMENT: AN OVERVIEW, Gary W. Witmer and Kathleen A. Fagerstone

MANAGEMENT OF RODENT POPULATIONS AT AIRPORTS, Gary W. Witmer and Jessica W. Fantinato

FERAL SWINE---ARE THEY A DISEASE THREAT TO LIVESTOCK IN THE UNITED STATES?, Gary W. Witmer, Robert B. Sanders, and Arnold C. Taft

TESTUDINES, John Woolard, Richard M. Engeman, Henry T. Smith, and John Griner

The National Wildlife Strike Database for the USA: 1990 to 2002 and Beyond, Sandra E. Wright and Richard A. Dolbeer

2002

A comparison of four rodent control methods in Philippine experimental rice fields, Md. Sayed Ahmed and Lynwood A. Fiedler

DIETARY OVERLAP BETWEEN WOLVES AND COYOTES IN NORTHWESTERN MONTANA, Wendy M. Arjo, Daniel H. Pletscher, and Robert R. Ream

AVIAN REPELLENTS, Michael L. Avery

Behavioral and Ecological Considerations for Managing Bird Damage to Cultivated Fruit, Michael L. Avery

Monk Parakeet Management at Electric Utility Facilities in South Florida, Michael L. Avery, Ellis C. Greiner, James R. Lindsay, James R. Newman, and Stephen Pruett-Jones

DISPERSING VULTURE ROOSTS ON COMMUNICATION TOWERS, Michael L. Avery, John S. Humphrey, Eric A. Tillman, Kimberly O. Phares, and Jane E. Hatcher

BIRDS IN PEST MANAGEMENT, M L. Avery

Responses of blackbirds to aerial application of Flight Control bird repellent to ratoon rice in Cameron Parish, Louisiana, M L. Avery, J. S. Humphrey, and E. A. Tillman

Habitat Management Approaches for Reducing Wildlife Use of Airfields, Scott C. Barras and Thomas W. Seamans

VEGETATION MANAGEMENT APPROACHES FOR REDUCING WILDLIFE-AIRCRAFT COLLISIONS, Scott C. Barras and Thomas W. Seamans

Civil Aircraft Collisions with Birds and Other Wildlife in Ohio, 1990-1999, Scott C. Barras and Sandra E. Wright

ORNITHOLOGICAL LITERATURE, Robert C. Beason

Ornithological Literature, Robert C. Beason

ORNITHOLOGICAL LITERATURE , Robert C. Beason

Understanding Avian Vision: The Key to Using Light in Bird Management, Bradley F. Blackwell

LASERS AS NON-LETHAL AVIAN REPELLENTS: POTENTIAL APPLICATIONS IN THE AIRPORT ENVIRONMENT, Bradley F. Blackwell, Glen E. Bernhardt, Jon D. Cepek, and Richard A. Dolbeer

Non-lethal Radio Activated Guard for Deterring Wolf Depredation in Idaho: Summary and Call for Research, Stewart W. Breck, Rick Williamson, Carter Niemeyer, and John A. Shivik

BEAVER HERBIVORY AND ITS EFFECT ON COTTONWOOD TREES: INFLUENCE OF FLOODING ALONG MATCHED REGULATED AND UNREGULATED RIVERS, Stewart W. Breck, Kenneth R. Wilson, and Douglas C. Andersen

Wildlife damage management research needs: perceptions of scientists, wildlife managers, and stakeholders of the USDA/Wildlife Services program, Richard L. Bruggers, Richard Owens, and Thomas Hoffman

Neotropical Frogs in Hawaii: Status and Management Options for an Unusual Introduced Pest, Earl W. Campbell III and Fred Kraus

Aerosolized essential oils and individual natural product compounds as brown treesnake repellents , Larry Clark and John Shivik

A Baiting System For Delivery Of An Oral Plague Vaccine To Black-Tailed Prairie Dogs, Terry E. Creekmore, Tonie E. Rocke, and Jerry Hurley

Field evaluation of Flight ControlTM to reduce blackbird damage to newly planted rice, John L. Cummings, Michael L. Avery, Owen Mathre, E. Allen Wilson, Darryl L. York, Richard M. Engeman, Patricia A. Pochop, and James E. Davis Jr.

Potential hazards of DRC- 1339 treated rice to non-target birds when used at roost staging areas in Louisiana to reduce local populations of depredating blackbirds, John L. Cummings, James F. Glahn, E. Allen Wilson, and James E. Davis Jr.

Evaluation of Flight Control® to reduce blackbird damage to newly planted rice in Louisiana, John L. Cummings, Patricia A. Pochop, Richard M. Engeman, James E. Davis Jr., and Thomas M. Primus

Assessment of cabergoline as a reproductive inhibitor in coyotes (Canis latrans), T. J. DeLiberto, A. Seglund, W. Jochle, and B. Kimball

BLACKBIRDS AND CORN IN OHIO, Richard A. Dolbeer

POPULATION INCREASES OF LARGE BIRD SPECIES IN RELATION TO IMPACT STANDARDS FOR AIRCRAFT ENGINES AND AIRFRAMES, Richard A. Dolbeer

Have Population Increases of Large Birds Outpaced Airworthiness Standards for Civil Aircraft?, Richard A. Dolbeer and Paul Eschenfelder

A Socioeconomic and Biological Evaluation of Current and Hypothetical Crappie Regulations in Sardis Lake, Mississippi: An Integrated Approach, Brian Dorr, Ian A. Munn, and Keith O. Meals

Assessment of Hazards to Non-Native Mongooses (Herpestes auropunctatus) and Feral Cats (Felis catus) from the Broadcast Application of Rodenticide Bait in Native Hawaiian Forests, Peter A. Dunlevy and Earl W. Campbell III

Human Poisonings and Rodenticides: Evaluation of Incidents Reported to the American Association of Poison Control Centers, John D. Eisemann and Brett E. Petersen

THAMNOPHIS RADIX (Plains Garter Snake) BROOD SIZE, Richard M. Engeman, Isabel M. Engeman, and Alexander N. Engeman

Estimating deer damage losses in cabbage, Richard M. Engeman, Brian K. Maedke, and Scott F. Beckerman

Methyl anthranilate aerosol for dispersing birds from the flight lines at Homestead Air Reserve Station, Richard M. Engeman, Jeffrey Peterla, and Bernice Constantin

An economic analysis of predator removal approaches for protecting marine turtle nests at Hobe Sound National Wildlife Refuge, Richard M. Engeman, Stephanie A. Shwiff, Bernice Constantin, Margo Stahl, and Henry T. Smith

Monetary valuation methods for economic analysis of the benefit-costs of protecting rare wildlife species from predators, Richard M. Engeman, Stephanie A. Shwiff, Henry T. Smith, and Bernice Constantin

A comparison of potential labor-saving sampling methods for assessing large mammal damage in corn, Richard . M. Engeman and Ray T. Sterner

Sustained evaluation of the effectiveness of detector dogs for locating brown tree snakes in cargo outbound from Guam, Richard M. Engeman, Daniel S. Vice, Darryl York, and Kenneth S. Gruver

Wildlife Fertility Control, K.A. Fagerstone

Evaluation of lasers to disperse American crows, Corvus brachyrhynchos, from urban night roosts, W.P. Gorenzel, B. F. Blackwell, G.D. Simmons, T.P. Salmon, and R.A. Dolbeer

REPRODUCTION IN CAPTIVE WILD-CAUGHT COYOTES (CANIS LATRANS), Jeffrey S. Green, Frederick F. Knowlton, and William C. Pitt

Caffeine as a repellent for slugs and snails, Robert G. Hollingsworth, John W. Armstrong, and Earl Campbell

Poly(methyl methacrylate) synthetic grit formulations sustain the delivery of nicarbazin, a contraceptive agent, in pest waterfowl, Jerome C. Hurley and John J. Johnston

Review of Determination of Organic Compounds in Soils, Sediments and Sludges By T. R. Crompton, John J. Johnston

Distribution, Abundance and Habitat Use of American White Pelicans in the Delta Region of Mississippi and Along the Western Gulf of Mexico Coast, D. Tommy King and Thomas C. Michot

Safety Of Brucella Abortus Strain Rb51 Vaccine In Non-Target Ungulates And Coyotes, Terry J. Kreeger, Thomas J. DeLiberto, Steven C. Olsen, William H. Edwards, and Walter E. Cook

A New Flavor-Coated Sachet Bait For Delivering Oral Rabies Vaccine To Raccoons And Coyotes, Samuel B. Linhart, John C. Wlodkowski, Darrell M. Kavanaugh, Laurie Motes-Kreimeyer, Andrew J. Montoney, Richard B. Chipman, Dennis Slate, Laura L. Bigler, and Malcomb G. Fearneyhough

Uncertainty of Exploitation Estimates Made from Tag Returns, L.E. Miranda, R.E. Brock, and B.S. Dorr

Seasonal marking efficacy of Dupont oil blue A dye on steam-rolled oat groat baits for valley pocket gophers, Craig A. Ramey, George H. Matschke, and Richard M. Engeman

Safe efficacy of three strychnine alkaloid bait concentrations for hand-baiting control of plains pocket gophers, Craig A. Ramey, George H. Matschke, Paul L. Hegdal, Geraldine R. McCann, and Richard M. Engeman

Use of sensory cues by fish crows Corvus ossifragus preying on artificial bird nests, Leonard Santisteban, Kathryn E. Sieving, and Michael L. Avery

Oral Rabies Vaccination: A National Perspective on Program Development and Implementation, Dennis Slate, Richard B. Chipman, Charles E. Rupprecht, and Thomas J. DeLiberto

AN EARLIER REPORT OF THE EXOTIC NORTHERN CURLY-TAILED LIZARD IN MARTIN COUNTY, FLORIDA, Henry T. Smith and Richard M. Engeman

An Extraordinary Raccoon, Procyon lotor; Density at an Urban Park, Henry T. Smith and Richard M. Engeman

High-performance liquid chromatography-based determination of nicarbazin excretion in waterfowl, Randal S. Stahl and John J. Johnston

Effect of Roost Harassment on Cormorant Movements and Roosting in the Delta Region of Mississippi, Mark E. Tobin, D. Tommy King, Brian S. Dorr, Scott J. Werner, and David S. Reinhold

2001

Compound DRC-1339 Concentrate- Feedlots

Compound DRC-1339 Concentrate-Livestock, Nest, and Fodder Depredations (EPA Reg. No. 56228-29)

Compound DRC- 1339 Concentrate-Staging Areas (EPA Reg. No. 56228-30)

DRC-1339 (Starlicide)

Egg Oil: An Avian Population Control Tool

M-44 User Tips

Evaluation of chemical repellents for reducing crop damage by Dickcissels in Venezuela, M. L. Avery, E. A. Tillman, and C.C. Lauker

Gray Wolf Restoration in the Northwestern United States, Ed Bangs, Joe Fontaine, Mike Jimenez, Tom Meier, Carter Niemeyer, Doug Smith, Kerry Murphy, Deb Guernsey, Larry Handegard, Mark Collinge, Rod Krischke, John Shivik, Curt Mack, Issac Babcock, Val Asher, and Dominic Domenici

Managing wolf conflict with livestock in the Northwestern United States, Ed Bangs and John A. Shivik

DECLINE OF THE RED-WINGED BLACKBIRD POPULATION IN OHIO CORRELATED TO CHANGES IN AGRICULTURE (1965-1996), Bradley F. Blackwell and Richard A. Dolbeer

Repelling sandhill cranes from corn: whole-kernel experiments with captive birds, Bradley F. Blackwell, David A. Helon, and Richard A. Dolbeer

The demographic response of bank-dwelling beavers to flow regulation: a comparison on the Green and Yampa rivers, Stewart W. Breck, Kenneth R. Wilson, and Douglas C. Anderson

Effects of sterilization on territory fidelity and maintenance, pair bonds, and survival rates of free-ranging coyotes, Cassity Bromley and Eric M. Gese

SURGICAL STERILIZATION AS A METHOD OF REDUCING COYOTE PREDATION ON DOMESTIC SHEEP, Cassity Bromley and Eric M. Gese

Case Study 2: Seed Treatment, Peter Edwards, Kees Romijn, Michael L. Avery, Ralf Barfknecht, Mark Clook, Wout Slob, and Martin Urban

Non-Target Hazard Assessment of Using DRC-1339 Avicide to Manage Blackbirds in Sunflower, John D. Eisemann, George M. Linz, and John J. Johnston