The mission of USDA APHIS Wildlife Services (WS) is to provide Federal leadership and expertise to resolve wildlife conflicts to allow people and wildlife to coexist. WS conducts program delivery, research, and other activities through its Regional and State Offices, the National Wildlife Research Center (NWRC) and its Field Stations, as well as through its National Programs.

This site contains publications of WS or its staff. Material prepared by employees of the US Government in the course of their official duties cannot be copyrighted.

2022

Experimental Elucidation of the Life Cycle of Drepanocephalus Spathans (Digenea: Echinostomatidae) with Notes on the Morphological Plasticity of D. Spathans in the United States, Neely R. Alberson, Thomas G. Rosser, Tommy King, Ethan T. Woodyard, Lester Khoo, Wes A. Baumgartner, Daviod J. Wise, Linda M. Pote, Fred L. Cunningham, and Matt J. Griffin

Wild pig removal reduces pathogenic bacteria in low-order streams, Sara A. Bolds, B. Graeme Lockaby, Latif Kalin, Stephen S. Ditchkoff, Mark D. Smith, and Kurt VerCauteren

An examination of ethical attitudes towards wild pig (Sus scrofa) toxicants in the United States, Keith Carlisle, Erin E. Harper, and Stephanie A. Shwiff

Plague risk in the western United States over seven decades of environmental change, Colin J. Carlson, Sarah N. Bevins, and Boris V. Schmid

Aboveground carbon responses to experimental and natural hurricane impacts in a subtropical wet forest in Puerto Rico, Hervé Chevalier, Nicholas V.L. Brokaw, Sheila E. Ward, Jess K. Zimmerman, Aaron B. Shiels, John Bithorn, and Samuel Matta Carmona

Frugivory and Seed Dispersal by Carnivorans, John P. Draper, Julie K. Young, Eugene W. Schupp, Noelle G. Beckman, and Trisha B. Atwood

Economics of Cormorant Predation on Catfish Farms, Carole Engle, Ganesh Kumar, Terrel Christie, Brian S. Dorr, Brian Davis, Luke Roy, and Anita Kelly

Relationship between reproductive hormones and migration distance in a polygynous songbird, the Red‑winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus), Michelle A. Eshleman, Page E. Klug, Esther Morales‑Vega, Björn Wissel, and Timothy J. Grelves

Editorial: Special Issue “Innovative Techniques and Approaches in the Control and Prevention of Rabies Virus”, Amy T. Gilbert, Ryan M. Wallace, and Charles E. Rupprecht

Behavioral states in space and time: Understanding landscape use by an invasive mammal, Steven M. Gray, John M. Humphreys, Robert A. Montgomery, Dwayne R. Etter, Kurt C. VerCauteren, Daniel B. Kramer, and Gary J. Roloff

In vivo efficacy of pyrantel pamoate as a post-exposure prophylactic for rat lungworm (Angiostrongylus cantonensis), John Jacob, Argon Steel, Lisa Kaluna, Steven Hess, Israel Leinbach, Carmen Antaky, Robert Sugihara, Lindsey Hamilton, Peter Follett, Kathleen Howe, Steven Jacquier, Supakit Wongwiwatthananukit, and Susan Jarvi

Concentration-response of an anthraquinone-based repellent for raccoons (Procyon lotor), Shylo Johnson, Shelagh T. DeLiberto, Kathleen Urchek, Amy T. Gilbert, and Scott J. Werner

Understanding continent-wide variation in vulture ranging behavior to assess feasibility of Vulture Safe Zones in Africa: Challenges and possibilities, Adam Kane, Ara Monadjem, H. K.Ortwin Aschenborn, Keith Bildstein, André Botha, Claire Bracebridge, Evan R. Buechley, Ralph Buij, John P. Davies, Maria Diekmann, Colleen T. Downs, Nina Farwig, Toby Galligan, Gregory Kaltenecker, Chris Kelly, Ryno Kemp, Holger Kolberg, Monique L. MacKenzie, John Mendelsohn, Msafiri Mgumba, Ran Nathan, Aaron Nicholas, Darcy Ogada, Morgan Pfeiffer, W. Louis Phipps, Matteuns D. Pretorius, Sascha Rösner, Dana G. Schabo, Gabriel Lita Shatumbu, Orr Spiegel, Lindy J. Thompson, Jan A. Venter, Munir Virani, Kerri Wolter, and Corinne J. Kendall

Relative palatability and efficacy of brodifacoum-25D conservation rodenticide pellets for mouse eradication on Midway Atoll, Peter J. Kappes, Shane R. Siers, Israel L. Leinbach, Robert T. Sugihara, Wesley J. Jolley, Jonathan H. Plissner, Elizabeth N. Flint, Kelly L. Goodale, and Gregg R. Howald

Using Noninvasive Genetics for Estimating Density and Assessing Diet of Urban and Rural Coyotes in Florida, USA, Bryan M. Kluever; Martin B. Main; Stewart W. Breck; Robert C. Lonsinger; John H. Humphrey; Justin W. Fischer; Michael P. Milleson USDA APHIS Wildlife Services, Gainesville; and Antionette J. Piaggio

Olfactory lures in predator control do not increase predation risk to birds in areas of conservation concern, Page Klug, Amy A. Yackel Adams, and Robert N. Reed

Transmission of antibiotic resistance at the wildlife-livestock interface, Shinyoung Lee, Peixin Fan, Ting Liu, Anni Yang, Raoul K. Boughton, Kim M. Pepin, Ryan S. Miller, and Kwangcheol Casey Jeong

Invasive predators affect community-wide pollinator visitation, Christina T. Liang, Aaron B. Shiels, William P. Haines, Manette E. Sandor, and Clare E. Aslan

Can we use antipredator behavior theory to predict wildlife responses to high-speed vehicles?, Ryan B. Lunn, Bradley Blackwell, Travis L. DeVault, and Esteban Fernández-Juricic

Accounting for animal movement improves vaccination strategies against wildlife disease in heterogeneous landscapes, Katherine M. McClure, Guillaume Bastille-Rousseau, Amy J. Davis, Carolyn A. Stengel, Kathleen M. Nelson, Richard B. Chipman, George Wittemyer, Zaid Abdo, Amy Gilbert, and Kim M. Pepin

A review of the impacts of invasive wild pigs on native vertebrates, Matthew T. McDonough, Stephen S. Ditchkoff, Mark D. Smith, and Kurt C. Vercauteren

Rapid changes in public perception toward a conservation initiative, Rebecca Niemiec, Richard E.W. Berl, Mireille Gonzalez, Tara L. Teel, Jonathan Salerno, Stewart Breck, Cassiopeia Camara, Matthew Collins, Courtney Scholtz, Dana Hoag, and Kevin R. Crooks

Foot Injuries in Michigan, USA, Gray Wolves (Canis lupus), 1992–2014, Daniel J. O'Brien, Dean E. Beyer Jr., Erin Largent, Julie R. Melotti, Caitlin N. Ott-Conn, Donald H. Lonsway, Thomas M. Cooley, Robert Atkinson, Michelle Clayson, and Kelly A. Straka

Scavenging vs hunting affects behavioral traits of an opportunistic carnivore, Mitchell A. Parsons, Andrew Garcia, and Julie K. Young

Longevity of an immunocontraceptive vaccine effect on fecundity in rats, Rebecca Pinkham, Douglas C. Eckery, Richard E. Mauldin, M. Gomm, F. Hill, F. Vial, and G. Massei

Spatial risk modeling of cattle depredation by black vultures in the midwestern United States, Brandon M. Quinby, Bryan M. Kluever, Grant N. Burcham, Lee Humberg, Landon R. Jones, Marian L. Wahl, and Patrick A. Zollner

Use of a Direct, Rapid Immunohistochemical Test for Diagnosis of Rabies Virus in Bats, Charles E. Rupprecht, Lolita Van Pelt, April D. Davis, Richard B. Chipman, and David L. Bergman

Capture-Recapture Reveals Heterogeneity in Habitat-Specific Mongoose Densities and Spatiotemporal Variability in Trapping Success in St. Kitts, West Indies, Caroline C. Sauvé, Are R. Berentsen, Amy Gilbert, Anne Conan, Luis Cruz-Martinez, and Patrick A. Leighton

Dammed water quality—Longitudinal stream responses below beaver ponds in the Umpqua River Basin, Oregon, John R. Stevenson, Jason B. Dunham, Steven M. Wondzell, and Jimmy Taylor

A systematic map of human-carnivore coexistence, Cassandre C. Venumière-Lefebvre, Stewart W. Breck, and Kevin R. Crooks

A model for leveraging animal movement to understand spatio-temporal disease dynamics, Mark Q. Wilber, Anni Yang, Raoul Boughton, Kezia R. Manlove, Ryan S. Miller, Kim M. Pepin, and George Wittemyer

Rodents in Agriculture: A Broad Perspective, Gary Witmer

2021

Evidence for continental-scale dispersal of antimicrobial resistant bacteria by landfill-foraging gulls, Christina A. Ahlstrom, Mariëlle L. van Toor, Hanna Woksepp, Jeffrey C. Chandler, John A. Reed, Andrew B. Reeves, Jonas Waldenström, Alan B. Franklin, David C. Douglas, Jonas Bonnedahl, and Andrew M. Ramey

Estimating wildlife strike costs at US airports: A machine learning approach, Levi Altringer, Jordan Navin, Michael J. Begier, Stephanie A. Shwiff, and Aaron M. Anderson

Toxoplasma gondii prevalence in carnivorous wild birds in the eastern United States, Sawsan Ammar, Liberty Wood, Chunlei Su, Maria Spriggs, Justin Brown, Kyle Van Why, and Richard Gerhold

Spatial transferability of expert opinion models for American beaver habitat, Isidro Barela, Leslie M. Burger, Guiming Wang, Kristine O. Evans, Qingmin Meng, and Jimmy D. Taylor

Multi-level movement response of invasive wild pigs (Sus scrofa) to removal, Guillaume Bastille-Rousseau, Peter E. Schlichting, David A. Keiter, Joshua B. Smith, John C. Kilgo, George Wittemyer, Kurt C. Vercauteren, James C. Beasley, and Kim M. Pepin

Effects of translocation on survival of nuisance bears, Javan Bauder, D. Ruid, N. M. Roberts, B. Kohn, and M. L. Allen

Evaluation of a warfarin bait for controlling invasive wild pigs (Sus scrofa), James C. Beasley, Lindsay M. Clontz, Allison Rakowski, Nathan P. Snow, and Kurt C. Vercauteren

Production of embryos and a live offspring using post mortem reproductive material from bison (Bison bison bison) originating in Yellowstone National Park, USA, Hayley M. Benham, Matthew P. McCollum, Pauline Nol, Rebecca K. Frey, P. Ryan Clarke, Jack C. Rhyan, and Jennifer P. Barfield

Oral Rabies Vaccination of Small Indian Mongooses (Urva auropunctata) with ONRAB via Ultralite Baits, Are R. Berentsen, Israel Leinbach, Mel J. Rivera-Rodriguez, and Amy T. Gilbert

Plague Exposure in Mammalian Wildlife across the Western United States, Sarah N. Bevins, Jeffrey C. Chandler, Nicole Barrett, Brandon S. Schmit, Gerald W. Wiscomb, and Susan A. Shriner

European Starling Nest‐site Selection Given Enhanced Direct Nest Predation Risk, Bradley Blackwell, Thomas W. Seamans, Morgan Pfeiffer, and Bruce N. Buckingham

Variations, validations, degradations, and noninvasive determination of pregnancy using fecal steroid metabolites in free-ranging pronghorn, Cole A. Bleke, Eric M. Gese, and Susannah S. French

Impacts of a large invasive mammal on water quality in riparian ecosystems, Sara Bolds, B. Graeme Lockaby, Stephen S. Ditchkoff, Mark D. Smith, and Kurt C. Vercauteren

Rabies post-exposure healthcare-seeking behaviors and perceptions: Results from a knowledge, attitudes, and practices survey, Uganda, 2013, Sarah C. Bonaparte, Laura Adams, Barnabas Bakamutumaho, Galileu Barbosa Costa, Julie M. Cleaton, Amy Gilbert, Modupe Osinubi, Emily G. Pieracci, Sergio Recuenco, Victor Tugumizemu, Joseph Wamala, and Ryan M. Wallace

Determination of freedom-from-rabies for small Indian mongoose populations in the United States Virgin Islands, 2019–2020, A. Springer Browne, Hannah M. Cranford, Clint N. Morgan, James A. Ellison, Are Berentsen, Nicholas Wiese, Alexandra Medley, John Rossow, Leanne Jankelunas, Alan S. McKinley, Claudia D. Lombard, Nicole F. Angeli, Thomas Kelley, Jennifer Valiulus, Bethany Bradford, Valicia J. Burke-France, Cosme J. Harrison, Irene Guendel, Marissa Taylor, Gerard L. Blanchard, Jeffrey B. Doty, David J. Worthington, David Horner, Keith R. Garcia, Joseph Roth, Brett R. Ellis, Kristine M. Bisgard, Ryan Wallace, and Esther M. Ellis

Risks of introduction and economic consequences associated with African swine fever, classical swine fever and foot-and-mouth disease: A review of the literature, Vienna Brown, Ryan S. Miller, Sophie C. McKee, Karina H. Ernst, Nicole M. Didero, Rachel M. Maison, Meredith J. Grady, and Stephanie A. Shwiff

Reproductive trade-offs in the colorado checkered whiptail lizard (Aspidoscelis neotesselatus): an examination of the relationship between clutch and follicle size, Hannah E. Caracalas, S. S. French, S. B. Hudson, B. M. Kluever, A. C. Webb, D. Eifler, A. J. Lehmicke, and Lise M. Aubry

Towards a more comprehensive understanding of wild pig (Sus scrofa) impacts on agricultural producers: Insights from a Texas case study, Keith M. Carlisle, Nicole Didero, Sophie McKee, Julie Elser, and Stephanie A. Shwiff

SARS-CoV-2 exposure in wild white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), Jeffrey C. Chandler, Sarah N. Bevins, Jeremy W. Ellis, Timothy J. Linder, Rachel M. Tell, Melinda Jenkins-Moore, J. Jeffrey Root, Julianna B. Lenoch, Suelee Robbe-Austerman, Thomas J. DeLiberto, Tom Gidlewski, Mia Kim Torchetti, and Susan A. Shriner

Evaluating potential effects of solar power facilities on wildlife from an animal behavior perspective, Rachel Y. Chock, Barbara Clucas, Elizabeth K. Peterson, Bradley Blackwell, Daniel T. Blumstein, Kathleen Church, Esteban Fernández-Juricic, Gabriel Francescoli, Alison L. Greggor, Paul Kemp, Gabriela M. Pinho, Peter M. Sanzenbacher, Bruce A. Schulte, and Pauline Toni

Food habits of wintering double-crested cormorants in the Mississippi Delta, Terrel W. Christie, Brian S. Dorr, J. Brian Davis, Luke A. Roy, Carole R. Engle, Katie Hanson-Dorr, and Anita M. Kelly

Distribution and abundance of scaup using baitfish and sportfish farms in eastern Arkansas, Stephen A. Clements, Brian S. Dorr, Brian Davis, Luke A. Roy, Carole R. Engle, Katie C. Hanson-Dorr, and Anita M. Kelly

Scaup Depredation on Arkansas Baitfish and Sportfish Aquaculture, Stephen A. Clements, Brian S. Dorr, J. Brian Davis, Luke A. Roy, Carole R. Engle, Katie C. Hanson-Dorr, and Anita M. Kelly

Scaup Depredation on Arkansas Baitfish and Sportfish Aquaculture, Stephen A. Clements, Brian S. Dorr, J. Brian Davis, Luke A. Roy, Carole R. Engle, Katie C. Hanson-Dorr, and Anita M. Kelly

Behavioral state resource selection in invasive wild pigs in the Southeastern United States, Lindsay M. Clontz, Kim M. Pepin, Kurt C. Vercauteren, and James C. Beasley

Mongooses (Urva auropunctata) as reservoir hosts of leptospira species in the United States Virgin Islands, 2019–2020, Hannah M. Cranford, A. Springer Browne, Karen Lecount, Tammy Anderson, Camila Hamond, Linda Schlater, Tod Stuber, Valicia J. Burke-France, Marissa Taylor, Cosme J. Harrison, Katia Y. Matias, Alexandra Medley, John Rossow, Nicholas Wiese, Leanne Jankelunas, Leah de Wilde, Michelle Mehalick, Gerard L. Blanchard, Keith R. Garcia, Alan S. McKinley, Claudia D. Lombard, Nicole F. Angeli, David Horner, Thomas Kelley, David J. Worthington, Jennifer Valiulis, Bethany Bradford, Are Berentsen, Johanna S. Salzer, Renee Galloway, Ilana J. Schafer, Kristine Bisgard, Joseph Roth, Brett R. Ellis, Esther M. Ellis, and Jarlath E. Nally

Data-driven management—a dynamic occupancy approach to enhanced rabies surveillance prioritization, Amy J. Davis, Jordana D. Kirby, Richard B. Chipman, Kathleen M. Nelson, and Amy T. Gilbert

Reproductive success of captive-reared Allegheny Woodrats (Neotoma magister) released into genetically depauperate populations, Miracle M. Davis, Timothy J. Smyser, Scott A. Johnson, Joseph Duchamp, Jeffery L. Larkin, Robert K. Swihart, and Jacqueline M. Doyle

Mesopredator frugivory has no effect on seed viability and emergence under experimental conditions, John P. Draper, Trisha B. Atwood, Noelle G. Beckman, Karin M. Kettenring, and Julie K. Young

Avian influenza A virus susceptibility, infection, transmission, and antibody kinetics in European starlings, Jeremy W. Ellis, J. Jeffrey Root, Loredana M. McCurdy, Kevin T. Bentler, Nicole L. Barrett, Kaci K. VanDalen, Katherine L. Dirsmith, and Susan A. Shriner

Evidence on the effectiveness of small unmanned aircraft systems (sUAS) as a survey tool for North American terrestrial, vertebrate animals: a systematic map protocol, Jared A. Elmore, Michael F. Curran, Kristine O. Evans, Sathishkumar Samiappan, Meilun Zhou, Morgan B. Pfeiffer, Bradley F. Blackwell, and Raymond B. Iglay

Recolonizing carnivores: Is cougar predation behaviorally mediated by bears?, Kristin N. Engebretsen, Jon P. Beckmann, Carl W. Lackey, Alyson M. Andreasen, Cody Schroeder, Pat Jackson, and Julie K. Young

Principal economic effects of cormorant predation on catfish farms, Carole R. Engle, Terrel W. Christie, Brian S. Dorr, Ganesh Kumar, Luke A. Roy, and Anita M. Kelly

Economic effects of predation by scaup on baitfish and sportfish farms, Carole R. Engle, Stephen Clements, Brian S. Dorr, J. Brian Davis, Luke A. Roy, and Anita M. Kelly

Landscape Genetics of American Beaver in Coastal Oregon, Clinton W. Epps, Vanessa M. Petro, Tyler G. Creech, Rachel S. Crowhurst, Matthew J. Weldy, and Jimmy D. Taylor

Dietary flexibility of Wood Storks in response to human-induced rapid environmental change, Betsy A. Evans, Jessica A. Klassen, and Dale E. Gawlik

Movement, space-use and resource preferences of European golden jackals in human-dominated landscapes: insights from a telemetry study, Skye Fenton, Paul R. Moorcroft, Duško Ćirović, József Lanszki, Miklós Heltai, Francesca Cagnacci, Stewart Breck, Neda Bogdanović, Ilija Pantelić, Kornél Ács, and Nathan Ranc

Economic Estimates of Wild Hog (Sus scrofa) Damage and Control Among Young Forest Plantations in Alabama, Micah Fern, Rebecca Barlow, Chris Slootmaker, John Kush, Stephanie Shwiff, Larry Teeter, and Jim Armstrong

Range-wide declines of northern spotted owl populations in the Pacific Northwest: A meta-analysis, Alan B. Franklin, Katie M. Dugger, Damon B. Lesmeister, Raymond J. Davis, J. David Wiens, Gary C. White, James D. Nichols, James E. Hines, Charles B. Yackulic, Carl J. Schwarz, Steven H. Ackers, L. Steven Andrews, Larissa L. Bailey, Robin Bown, Jesse Burgher, Kenneth P. Burnham, Peter C. Carlson, Tara Chestnut, Mary M. Conner, Krista E. Dilione, Eric D. Forsman, Elizabeth M. Glenn, Scott A. Gremel, Keith A. Hamm, Dale R. Herter, J. Mark Higley, Rob B. Horn, Julianna M. Jenkins, William L. Kendall, David W. Lamphear, Christopher McCafferty, Trent L. McDonald, Janice A. Reid, Jeremy T. Rockweit, David C. Simon, Stan G. Sovern, James K. Swingle, and Heather Wise

Avian Influenza A Viruses Reassort and Diversify Differently in Mallards and Mammals, Ketaki Ganti, Anish Bagga, Juliana DaSilva, Samuel S. Shepard, John R. Barnes, Susan A. Shriner, Katia Koelle, and Anice C. Lowen

Avian Influenza A Viruses Reassort and Diversify Differently in Mallards and Mammals, Ketaki Ganti, Anish Bagga, Juliana DaSilva, Samuel S. Shepard, John R. Barnes, Susan A. Shriner, Katia Koelle, and Anice C. Lowen

Adaptation of an artificial bait to an automated aerial delivery system for landscape-scale brown treesnake suppression, Rafael A. Garcia, Thomas W. McAuliffe, Lorelie P. Bumanlag, Shane R. Siers, and Bruce A. Kimball

Space use in free-ranging canids: Are gonadal hormones required for territory maintenance?, Eric M. Gese and Patricia A. Terletzky

Brown Treesnake Mortality After Aerial Application of Toxic Baits, Scott M. Goetz, Eric T. Hileman, Melia G. Nafus, Amy A. Yackel Adams, Amanda R. Bryant, Robert N. Reed, and Shane R. Siers

Biodetection of a specific odor signature in mallard feces associated with infection by low pathogenic avian influenza A virus, Glen J. Golden, Meredith Jj. Grady, Hailey E. McLean, Susan A. Shriner, Airn E. Hartwig, Richard A. Bowen, and Bruce A. Kimball

Embracing Dynamic Models for Gene Drive Management, Andrew J. Golnar, Emily W. Ruell, Alun L. Lloyd, and Kim M. Pepin

Continental-scale dynamics of avian influenza in U.S. waterfowl are driven by demography, migration, and temperature, Erin E. Gorsich, Colleen T. Webb, Andrew A. Merton, Jennifer A. Hoeting, Ryan S. Miller, Matthew Farnsworth, Seth R. Swafford, Thomas J. DeLiberto, Kerri Pedersen, Alan B. Franklin, Robert G. McLean, Kenneth R. Wilson, and Paul Doherty

Testing a Bite-Shortened Hook to Minimize Fish Handling in a Recreational Fishery, Holden E. Harris, Brian K. Whalen, Andrew G. Gude, and Michael S. Allen

Dispersal and Land Cover Contribute to Pseudorabies Virus Exposure in Invasive Wild Pigs, Felipe A. Hernandez, Amanda N. Carr, Michael P. Milleson, Hunter R. Merrill, Michael L. Avery, Brandon M. Parker, Cortney L. Pylant, James D. Austin, and Samantha M. Wisely

Satellite-detected ammonia changes in the United States: Natural or anthropogenic impacts, Yaqian He, Rongting Xu, Stephen A. Prior, Di Yang, Anni Yang, and Jian Chen

Landscape transformations produce favorable roosting conditions for turkey vultures and black vultures, Jacob E. Hill, Kenneth F. Kellner, Bryan M. Kluever, Michael L. Avery, John S. Humphrey, Eric A. Tillman, Travis L. DeVault, and Jerrold L. Belant

Environmental correlates of genetic variation in the invasive European starling in North America, Natalie R. Hofmeister, Scott J. Werner, and Irby J. Lovette

Population genomic transformations induced by isolation of wild bird avian influenza viruses (Orthomyxoviridae) in embryonated chicken eggs, Matthew W. Hopken, Antoinette J. Piaggio, K. L. Pabilonia, James Pierce, Theodore Anderson, Courtney Pierce, and Zaid Abdo

Temporal and Spatial Blood Feeding Patterns of Urban Mosquitoes in the San Juan Metropolitan Area, Puerto Rico, Matthew W. Hopken, Limarie J. Reyes-Torres, Nicole Scavo, Antoinette J. Piaggio, Zaid Abdo, Daniel Taylor, James Pierce, and Donald A. Yee

Peptide ELISA and FRET-qPCR Identified a Significantly Higher Prevalence of Chlamydia suis in Domestic Pigs Than in Feral Swine from the State of Alabama, USA, Md Monirul Hoque, Folasade Adekanmbi, Subarna Barua, Kh. Shamsur Rahman, Virginia Aida, Brian Anderson, Anil Poudel, Anwar Kalalah, Sara Bolds, Steven Madere, Steven Kitchens, Stuart Price, Vienna Brown, B. Graeme Lockaby, Constantinos S. Kyriakis, Bernhard Kaltenboeck, and Chengming Wang

An opportunistic survey reveals an unexpected coronavirus diversity hotspot in North America, Hon S. Ip, Kathryn M. Griffin, Jeffrey D. Messer, Megan E. Winzeler, Susan A. Shriner, Mary Lea Killian, Mia Kim Torchetti, Thomas J. DeLiberto, Brian R. Amman, Caitlin M. Cossaboom, R. Reid Harvey, Natalie M. Wendling, Hannah Rettler, Dean Taylor, Jonathan S. Towner, Casey Barton Behravesh, and David S. Blehert

Cytoarchitectural characteristics associated with cognitive flexibility in raccoons, Joanna Jacob, Molly Kent, Sarah Benson-Amram, Suzana Herculano-Houzel, Mary Ann Raghanti, Emily Ploppert, Jack Drake, Bilal Hindi, Nick R. Natale, Sarah Daniels, Rachel Fanelli, Anderson Miller, Tim Landis, Amy Gilbert, Shylo Johnson, Annie Lai, Molly Hyer, Amanda Rzucidlo, Chris Anchor, Stan Gehrt, and Kelly Lambert

Social identity and acceptability of wild pig (Sus scrofa) control actions: A case study of Texas hunters, Lauren Jaebker, Tara L. Teel, Alan D. Bright, Hailey E. McLean, John M. Tomeček, Maureen G. Frank, Rachael L. Connally, Stephanie A. Shwiff, and Keith M. Carlisle

Serological Responses of Raccoons and Striped Skunks to Ontario Rabies Vaccine Bait in West Virginia during 2012–2016, Shylo R. Johnson, Dennis Slate, Kathleen M. Nelson, Amy J. Davis, Samual A. Mills, John T. Forbes, Kurt VerCauteren, Amy T. Gilbert, and Richard B. Chipman

Inefficiency of anthraquinone-based avian repellents when applied to sunflower: the importance of crop vegetative and floral characteristics in field applications, Brandon Kaiser, Burton L. Johnson, Mike Ostlie, Scott J. Werner, and Page E. Klug

Relative acceptance of brodifacoum pellets and soft bait sachets by Polynesian rats (Rattus exulans) on Wake Atoll, Peter J. Kappes and Shane R. Siers

Wildlife responses to livestock guard dogs and domestic sheep on open range, Daniel Kinka, Jeffrey T. Schultz, and Julie K. Young

Diets of double-crested cormorants in the Lake Winnebago System, Wisconsin, Ryan P. Koenigs, Daniel J. Dembkowski, Charles D. Lovell, Daniel A. Isermann, and Adam D. Nickel

Landscape of stress: Tree mortality influences physiological stress and survival in a native mesocarnivore, Jennifer R. Kordosky, Eric M. Gese, Craig M. Thompson, Patricia A. Terletzky, Lorin A. Neuman-Lee, Jon D. Schneiderman, Kathryn L. Purcell, and Susannah S. French

Landscape use by fishers (Pekania pennanti): core areas differ in habitat than the entire home range, Jennifer R. Kordosky, Eric M. Gese, Craig M. Thompson, Patricia A. Terletzky, Kathryn L. Purcell, and Jon D. Schneiderman

Modelling the factors affecting the probability for local rabies elimination by strategic control, Johann L. Kotzé, John Duncan Grewar, and Aaron M. Anderson

Economic Losses of Catfish to Avian Predation: A Case Report, Ganesh Kumar, Shraddha Hegde, David Wise, Charles Mischke, and Brian Dorr

Improved Strategies for Handling Entire Sounders of Wild Pigs, Michael Lavelle, Nathan P. Snow, Christine K. Ellis, Joe M. Halseth, Justin W. Fischer, Michael P. Glow, Eric H. VanNatta, Bethany A. Friesenhahn, and Kurt C. Vercauteren