The mission of USDA APHIS Wildlife Services (WS) is to provide Federal leadership and expertise to resolve wildlife conflicts to allow people and wildlife to coexist. WS conducts program delivery, research, and other activities through its Regional and State Offices, the National Wildlife Research Center (NWRC) and its Field Stations, as well as through its National Programs.

This site contains publications of WS or its staff. Material prepared by employees of the US Government in the course of their official duties cannot be copyrighted.


Factors and costs associated with removal of a newly established population of invasive wild pigs in Northern U.S., Justin W. Fischer, Nathan P. Snow, Bradley E. Wilson, Scott F. Beckerman, Christopher N. Jacques, Eric H. VanNatta, Shannon L. Kay, and Kurt C. Vercauteren

Spillover of SARS-CoV-2 into novel wild hosts in North America: A conceptual model for perpetuation of the pathogen, Alan B. Franklin and Sarah N. Bevins

Gulls as Sources of Environmental Contamination by Colistin-resistant Bacteria, Alan B. Franklin, Andrew M. Ramey, Kevin T. Bentler, Nicole L. Barrett, Loredana M. McCurdy, Christina A. Ahlstrom, Jonas Bonnedahl, Susan A. Shriner, and Jeffrey C. Chandler

An applied ecology of fear framework: linking theory to conservation practice, Kaitlyn M. Gaynor, Michael J. Cherry, Sophie L. Gilbert, Michael T. Kohl, Courtney L. Larson, Thomas M. Newsome, Laura R. Prugh, Justin P. Suraci, Julie K. Young, and Justine A. Smith

Safety, Immunogenicity, and Efficacy of Intramuscular and Oral Delivery of ERA-G333 Recombinant Rabies Virus Vaccine to Big Brown Bats (Eptesicus fuscus), Amy T. Gilbert, Xianfu Wu, Felix R. Jackson, Richard Franka, Gary F. McCracken, and Charles E. Rupprecht

Effects of Wild Pig Disturbance on Forest Vegetation and Soils, Steven M. Gray, Gary J. Roloff, Daniel B. Kramer, Dwayne R. Etter, Kurt C. Vercauteren, and Robert A. Montgomery

Feasibility of a Successful Rat Eradication on Wake Atoll Following Initial Partial Failure: Potential Causes, Remedial Actions, and Remaining Knowledge Gaps, Chad Hanson, Kristen Rex, Peter J. Kappes, and Shane R. Siers

RNAi: Applications in Vertebrate Pest Management, Katherine Horak

Effects of Deepwater Horizon oil on feather structure and thermoregulation in gulls: Does rehabilitation work?, Katherine Horak, Nicole L. Barrett, Jeremy W. Ellis, Emma M. Campbell, Nicholas G. Dannemiller, and Susan A. Shriner

Individual and population fitness consequences associated with large carnivore use of residential development, Heather Johnson, David L. Lewis, and Stewart W. Breck

Spotted owls and forest fire: Comment, Gavin M. Jones; R. J. Gutiérrez; William M. Block; Peter C. Carlson; Emily J. Comfort; Samuel A. Cushman; Raymond J. Davis; Stephanie A. Eyes; Alan B. Franklin; Joseph L. Ganey; Shaula Hedwall; John J. Keane; Rodd Kelsey; Damon B, Lesmeister; Malcolm P. North; Susan L. Roberts; Jeremy T. Rockweit; Jamie S. Sanderlin; Sarah C. Sawyer; Ben Solvesky; Douglas J. Tempel; Ho Yi Wan; A. LeRoy Westerling; Gary C. White; and M. Zachariah Peery

If at First You Don’t Eradicate: Remediating Rat Eradication Failure on Wake Atoll, Peter J. Kappes, Shane R. Siers, Kristen Rex, and Chad Hanson

Migratory Flyways May Affect Population Structure in Double‐Crested Cormorants, Steven J.A. Kimble, Brian S. Dorr, Katie C. Hanson-Dorr, Olin E. Rhodes Jr., and Travis L. Devault

Black vulture conflict and management in the United States: damage trends, management overview, and research needs, Bryan M. Kluever, Morgan Pfeiffer, Scott C. Barras, Brett Dunlap, and Lee A. Humberg

Movement behavior of radio-tagged European starlings in urban, rural, and exurban landscapes, Page E. Klug and H. Jeffrey Homan

Reporting the limits of detection and quantification for environmental DNA assays, Katy E. Klymus, Christopher M. Merkes, Michael J. Allison, Caren S. Goldberg, Caren C. Helbing, Margaret E. Hunter, Craig A. Jackson, Richard F. Lance, Anna M. Mangan, Emy M. Monroe, Antoinette J. Piaggio, Joel P. Stokdyk, Chris C. Wilson, and Catherine A. Richter

Linking mosquito surveillance to dengue fever through Bayesian mechanistic modeling, Clinton B. Leach, Jennifer A. Hoeting, Kim M. Pepin, Alvaro E. Eiras, Mevin B. Hooten, and Colleen T. Webb

Psychological drivers of risk-reducing behaviors to limit human–wildlife conflict, Stacy A. Lischka, Tara L. Teel, Heather E. Johnson, Courtney Larson, Stewart Breck, and Kevin R. Crooks

Core commitments for field trials of gene drive organisms, Kanya C. Long; Luke Alphey; George J. Annas; Cinnamon S. Bloss; Karl J. Campbell; Jackson Champer; Chun-Hong Chen; Amit Choudhary; George M. Church; James P. Collins; Kimberly L. Cooper; Jason A. Delborne; Owain R. Edwards; Claudia I. Emerson; Kevin Esvelt; Sam Weiss Evans; Robert M. Friedman; Valentino M. Gantz; Fred Gould; Sarah Hartley; Elizabeth Heitman; Janet Hemingway; Hirotaka Kanuka; Jennifer Kuzma; James V. Lavery; Yoosook Lee; Marce Lorenzen; Jeantine E. Lunshof; John M. Marshall; Philipp W. Messer; Craig Montell; Kenneth A. Oye; Megan J. Palmer; Philippos Aris Papathanos; Prasad N. Paradkar; Antoinette J. Piaggio; Jason L. Rasgon; Gordana Rašić; Larisa Rudenko; J. Royden Saah; Maxwell J. Scott; Jolene T. Sutton; Adam E, Vorsino; and Omar S. Akbari

Effect of vaccination with a novel GnRH-based immunocontraceptive on immune responses and fertility in rats, Giovanna Massei, D. Cowan, Douglas C. Eckery, Richard E. Mauldin, M. Gomm, P. Rochaix, Fergal Hill, R. Pinkham, and Laura A. Miller

Effects of brodifacoum and diphacinone exposure on four species of reptiles: tissue residue levels and survivorship, Richard E. Mauldin, Gary W. Witmer, S. A. Shriner, Rachael S. Moulton, and Katherine E. Horak

Economic estimates of invasive wild pig damage to crops in 12 US states, Sophie McKee, Aaron Anderson, Keith Carlisle, and Stephanie A. Shwiff

Estimation of wildlife damage from federal crop insurance data, Sophie McKee, Stephanie A. Shwiff, and Aaron M. Anderson

Factors Affecting Bait Site Visitation: Area of Influence of Baits, Jacquelyn E. McRae, Peter E. Schlichting, Nathan P. Snow, Amy J. Davis, Kurt C. VerCautern, John C. Kilgo, David A. Keiter, James C. Beasley, and Kim M. Pepin

Placebo Bait Uptake Trial to Test Feasibility of Polynesian Rat (Rattus exulans) Eradication on Wake Atoll, Chris N. Niebuhr, Israel Leinbach, Thomas W. McAuliffe, Dean K. Foster, and Shane R. Siers

Public perspectives and media reporting of wolf reintroduction in Colorado, Rebecca Niemiec, Richard E.W. Berl, Mireille Gonzalez, Tara Teel, Cassiopeia Camara, Matthew Collins, Jonathan Salerno, Kevin Crooks, Courtney Schultz, Stewart Breck, and Dana Hoag

Effects of Inactivated Mycobacterium bovis Vaccination on Molokai-Origin Wild Pigs Experimentally Infected with Virulent M. bovis, Pauline Nol, Morgan Wehte, Richard A. Bowen, Suelee Robbe-Austerman, Tyler Thacker, Kristina Lantz, Jack Rhyan, Laurie A. Baeten, Ramón A. Juste, Iker A. Sevilla, Christian Gortazar, and Joaquín Vicente

Hawaii as a Microcosm: Advancing the Science and Practice of Managing Introduced and Invasive Species, Liba Pejchar, Christopher A. Lepczyk, Jean E. Fantle-Lepczyk, Steven C. Hess, M. Tracy Johnson, Christina R. Leopold, Michael Marchetti, Katherine M. Mcclure, and Aaron B. Shiels

Ecological drivers of African swine fever virus persistence in wild boar populations: Insight for control, Kim M. Pepin, Andrew J. Golnar, Zaid Abdo, and Tomasz Podgórski

Optimal spatial prioritization of control resources for elimination of invasive species under demographic uncertainty, Kim M. Pepin, Timothy J. Smyser, Amy J. Davis, Ryan S. Miller, Sophie McKee, Kurt C. Vercauteren, William Kendall, and Chris Slootmaker

Optimal bait density for delivery of acute toxicants to vertebrate pests, Kim M. Pepin, Nathan P. Snow, and Kurt C. VerCauteren

Assessing Beaver Occupancy and Dam Building Potential: A Case Study in the Umpqua Watershed of Southwestern Oregon, Vanessa M. Petro, John Stevenson, and Jimmy Taylor

Collective effect of landfills and landscape composition on bird–aircraft collisions, Morgan Pfeiffer, Bradley F. Blackwell, and Travis L. DeVault

Deciphering interactions between white-tailed deer and approaching vehicle, Morgan Pfeiffer, Raymond B. Iglay, Thomas W. Seamans, Bradley F. Blackwell, and Travis L. DeVault

Loci Associated With Antibody Response in Feral Swine (Sus scrofa) Infected With Brucella suis, Courtney F. Pierce, Vienna R. Brown, Steven C. Olsen, Paola Boggiatto, Kerri Pedersen, Ryan S. Miller, Scott E. Speidel, and Timothy J. Smyser

Conspecific chemical cues facilitate mate trailing by invasive Argentine black and white tegus, Shannon A. Richard, Isabella M. G. Bukovich, E. A. Tillman, Sanjiv Jayamohan, J. S. Humphrey, Paige E. Carrington, William E. Bruce, Bryan M. Kluever, Michael L. Avery, and M. Rockwell Parker

Effects of freshwater crayfish on influenza A virus persistence in water, J. Jeffrey Root, Jeremy W. Ellis, and Susan A. Shriner

Avian Influenza A Virus Associations in Wild, Terrestrial Mammals: A Review of Potential Synanthropic Vectors to Poultry Facilities, J. Jeffrey Root and Susan A. Shriner

Influenza A Viruses in Peridomestic Mammals, J. Jeffrey Root and Susan A. Shriner

Island Rodent Eradications: Little Things Make Big Things Happen, Araceli Samaniego-Herrera, Peter J. Kappes, and Shane R. Siers

Invasive Wild pigs as primary nest predators for Wild turkeys, Heather N. Sanders, David G. Hewitt, Humberto L. perotto-Baldivieso, Kurt C. VerCauteren, and Nathan P. Snow

A Rapid Population Assessment Method for Wild Pigs Using Baited Cameras at 3 Study Site, Peter E. Schlichting, James C. Beasley, Raoul K. Boughton, Amy J. Davis, Kim M. Pepin, Michael P. Glow, Ryan S. Miller, Kurt C. VerCautern, and Jesse S. Lewis

Cattle egrets regurgitate house mouse carcasses onto a mouse-free island: implications for rodent eradications, Aaron B. Shiels, Mele Khalsa, Doreen L. Griffin, Clay K. Chow, Sheri S. Mann, and Antoinette J. Piaggio

Invasive rat establishment and changes in small mammal populations on Caribbean Islands following two hurricanes, Aaron B. Shiels, Claudia D. Lombard, Laura Shiels, and Zandy Hillis-Starr

A Review of Avian Influenza A Virus Associations in Synanthropic Birds, Susan A. Shriner and J. Jeffrey Root

Automated Aerial Baiting for Invasive Brown Treesnake Control: System Overview and Program Status, Shane R. Siers, John D. Eisemann, William C. Pitt, Larry Clark, Scott M. Goetz, Robert J. Gosnell, Aaron F. Collins, Eric T. Hileman, Melia G. Nafus, Amy A. Yackel Adams, Michael C. Messaros, and William G.N. Coon

Photographic Validation of Target Versus Nontarget Take of Brown Treesnake Baits, Shane R. Siers, Aaron B. Shiels, Cynthia G. Payne, Francinem M. Chlarson, Craig S. Clark, and Stephen M. Mosher

Brodifacoum residues in fish three years after an island-wide rat eradication attempt in the tropical Pacific, Shane R. Siers, Aaron B. Shiels, Steven F. Volker, Kristen Rex, and William C. Pitt

Laboratory Evaluation of the Effectiveness of the Fertility Control Bait ContraPest® on Wild-Captured Black Rats (Rattus rattus), Shane Siers, Robert T. Sugihara, Israel Leinbach, Brandy R. Pyzyna, and Gary Witmer

Development and Testing of a Matrix for Mongoose Toxic Bait: Nontoxic Bait Acceptance Cage Trials, Shane Siers, Robert T. Sugihara, Israel Leinbach, Daniel Sedgwick, Chris N. Niebuhr, and Emily W. Ruell

Rabies Management Implications Based on Raccoon Population Density Indexes, Dennis Slate, Brandi D. Saidy, Ashlee Simmons, Kathleen M. Nelson, Amy Davis, Timothy P. Algeo, Stacey A. Elmore, and Richard B. Chipman

Mixed ancestry from wild and domestic lineages contributes to the rapid expansion of invasive feral swine, Timothy J. Smyser, Michael A. Tabak, Chris Slootmaker, Michael S. Robeson II, Ryan S. Miller, Mirte Bosse, Hendrik-Jan Megens, Martien A.M. Groenen, Samuel Rezende Paiva, Danielle Assis de Faria, Harvey D. Blackburn, Brandon S. Schmit, and Antoinette J. Piaggio

Instability of glucocorticoid metabolites in coyote scats: implications for field sampling, Erika T. Stevenson, Eric M. Gese, Lorin A. Neuman-Lee, and Susannah S. French

Improving the accessibility and transferability of machine learning algorithms for identification of animals in camera trap images: MLWIC2, Michael A. Tabak, Mohammad S. Norouzzadeh, David W. Wolfson, Erica J. Newton, Raoul K. Boughton, Jacob S. Ivan, Eric Odell, Eric S. Newkirk, Reesa Y. Conrey, Jennifer Stenglein, Fabiola Iannarilli, John Erb, Ryan K. Brook, Amy J. Davis, Jesse Lewis, Daniel P. Walsh, James C. Beasley, Kurt C. Vercauteren, Jeff Clune, and Ryan S. Miller

Genetic Biocontrol for Invasive Species, John L. Teem, Luke Alphey, Sarah Descamps, Matt P. Edgington, Owain Edwards, Neil Gemmell, Tim Harvey-Samuel, Rachel L. Melnick, Kevin P. Oh, Antoinette J. Piaggio, J. Royden Saah, Dan Schill, Paul Thomas, Trevor Smith, and Andrew Roberts

One step closer to a better starling trap, James R. Thiele

Multi-isotopic (δ2H, δ13C, δ15N) tracing of molt origin for European starlings associated with U.S. dairies and feedlots, Scott Werner, J. W. Fischer, and Keith A. Hobson

Time allocation to resources by three species of rats (Rattus spp.) in a radial arm maze, Gary Witmer, Nathan P. Snow, and Rachael S. Moulton

A Preliminary Field Evaluation of Candidate Repellents to Reduce Black Bear Damage to Western Larch Trees, G. W. Witmer and Michael Pipas

Interactions with humans shape coyote responses to hazing, Julie K. Young, Edd Hammill, and Stewart W. Breck

Tissue Tropisms of Avian Influenza A Viruses Affect Their Spillovers from Wild Birds to Pigs, Xiaojian Zhang, Fred L. Cunningham, Lei Li, Katie Hanson-Dorr, Liyuan Liu, Kaitlyn Waters, Minhui Guan, Alicia K. Olivier, Brandon S. Schmit, Jacqueline M. Nolting, Andrew S. Bowman, Mia Kim Torchetti, Thomas J. DeLiberto, and Xiu-Feng Wan


A bioeconomic model for the optimization of local canine rabies control, Aaron Anderson, Johann Kotze, Stephanie A. Shwiff, Brody Hatch, Chris Slootmaker, Anne Conan, Darryn Knobel, and Louis H. Nel

Predation and disease-related economic impacts of wild pigs on livestock producers in 13 states, Aaron M. Anderson, Chris Slootmaker, Erin Harper, Ryan S. Miller, and Stephanie A. Shwiff

Tracking Canada geese near airports: using spatial data to better inform management, Ryan Askren, Brett E. Dorak, Heath M. Hagy, Michael W. Eichholz, Brian E. Washburn, and Michael P. Ward

Non-native insects dominate daytime pollination in a high-elevation Hawaiian dryland ecosystem, Clare E. Aslan, Aaron B. Shiels, William Haines, and Christina T. Liang

Survival, fidelity, and dispersal of Double-crested Cormorants on two Lake Michigan islands, Christopher R. Ayers, Katie C. Hanson-Dorr, Ken Stromborg, Todd W. Arnold, Jacob S. Ivan, and Brian S. Dorr

Typha (Cattail) Invasion in North American Wetlands: Biology, Regional Problems, Impacts, Ecosystem Services, and Management, Sheel Bansal, Shane C. Lishawa, Sue Newman, Brian A. Tangen, Douglas Wilcox, Dennis Albert, Michael J. Anteau, Michael J. Chimney, Ryann L. Cressey, Edward DeKeyser, Kenneth J. Elgersma, Sarah A. Finkelstein, Joanna Freeland, Richard Grosshans, Page E. Klug, Daniel J. Larkin, Beth A. Lawrence, George Linz, Joy Marburger, Gregory Noe, Clint Otto, Nicholas Reo, Jennifer Richards, Curtis Richardson, LeRoy Rodgers, Amy J. Schrank, Dan Svedarsky, Steven Travis, Nancy Tuchman, and Lisamarie Windham-Myers

Ecological Functions of Vertebrate Scavenging, James C. Beasley, Zachary H. Olson, Nuria Selva, and Travis L. DeVault

NECROBIOME FRAMEWORK FOR BRIDGING DECOMPOSITION ECOLOGY OF AUTOTROPHICALLY AND HETEROTROPHICALLY DERIVED ORGANIC MATTER, Mark Eric Benbow, Philip S. Barton, Michael D. Ulyshen, James C. Beasley, Travis L. DeVault, Michael S. Strickland, Jeffery K. Tomberlin, Heather R. Jordan, and Jennifer L. Pechal

Necrobiome framework for bridging decomposition ecology of autotrophically and heterotrophically derived organic matter, M. Eric Benbow, Philip S. Barton, Michael D. Ulyshen, James C. Beasley, Travis L. DeVault, Michael S. Strickland, Jeffery K. Tomberlin, Heather R. Jordan, and Jennifer L. Pechal

Analysis of Iophenoxic Acid Analogues in Small Indian Mongoose (Herpestes Auropunctatus) Sera for Use as an Oral Rabies Vaccination Biological Marker, Are R. Berentsen, Robert T. Sugihara, Cynthia G. Payne, Israel Leinbach, Steven F. Volker, Ad Vos, Steffen Ortmann, and Amy T. Gilbert

Parasitism, host behavior, and invasive species, Sarah N. Bevins

TRANSMISSION DYNAMICS OF TOXOPLASMA GONDII IN ARCTIC FOXES (VULPES LAGOPUS): A LONG-TERM MARK-RECAPTURE SEROLOGIC STUDY AT KARRAK LAKE, NUNAVUT, CANADA, Emilie Bouchard, Stacey A. Elmore, Ray T. Alisauskas, Gustaf Samelius, Alvin A. Gajadhar, Keaton Schmidt, Sasha Ross, and Emily J. Jenkins

Road hogs: Implications from GPS collared feral swine in pastureland habitat on the general utility of road-based observation techniques for assessing abundance, Raoul K. Boughton, Benjamin L. Allen, Eric A. Tillman, Samantha M. Wisely, and Richard M. Engeman

The intrepid urban coyote: a comparison of bold and exploratory behavior in coyotes from urban and rural environments, Stewart W. Breck, Sharon A. Poessel, Peter Mahoney, and Julie K. Young

Potential role of wildlife in the USA in the event of a foot-and-mouth disease virus incursion, Vienna R. Brown and Sarah N. Bevins

Estimating waterbird abundance on catfish aquaculture ponds using an unmanned aerial system, Paul C. Burr, Sathishkumar Samiappan, Lee A. Hathcock, Robert J. Moorhead, and Brian S. Dorr

A potential new tool for the toolbox: assessing gene drives for eradicating invasive rodent populations, K. J. Campbell, J.R. Saah, P.R. Brown, J. Godwin, G.R. Howald, A. Piaggio, P. Thomas, D.M. Tompkins, D. Threadgill, J. Delborne, D.M. Kanavy, T. Kuiken, H. Packard, M. Serr, and A. Shiels

Wildlife Management Practices Associated with Pathogen Exposure in Non-NativeWild Pigs in Florida, U.S., Amanda N. Carr, Michael P. Milleson, Felipe A. Hernandez, Hunter R. Merrill, Michael L. Avery, and Samantha M. Wisely

Isolation of Rabies Virus from the Salivary Glands of Wild and Domestic Carnivores during a Skunk Rabies Epizootic, Cornell University Jimenez, Terry R. Spraker, Jessica Anderson, Richard Bowen, and Amy Gilbert

Confronting models with data: the challenges of estimating disease spillover, Paul C. Cross, Diann J. Prosser, Andrew M. Ramey, Ephraim M. Hanks, and Kim M. Pepin

Behavioral flexibility of a generalist carnivore, Sarah E. Daniels, Rachel E. Fanelli, Amy Gilbert, and Sarah Sarah Benson‑Amram

Not all surveillance data are created equal—A multi‐method dynamic occupancy approach to determine rabies elimination from wildlife, Amy J. Davis, Jordona D. Kirby, Richard B. Chipman, Kathleen M. Nelson, Tatiana Xifara, Colleen T. Webb, Ryan Wallace, Amy T. Gilbert, and Kim M. Pepin

Rabies Surveillance Identifies Potential Risk Corridors and Enables Management Evaluation, Amy J. Davis, Kathleen M. Nelson, Jordana D. Kirby, Ryan M. Wallace, Xiaoyue Ma, Kim M. Pepin, Richard B. Chipman, and Amy Gilbert

Effects of Repeated Sublethal External Exposure to Deep Water Horizon Oil on the Avian Metabolome, Brian S. Dorr, Katie C. Hanson-Dorr, Fariba M. Assadi-Porter, Ebru Selin Selen, Katherine A. Healy, and Katherine E. Horak

Comparison of the efficacy of four drug combinations for immobilization of wild pigs, Christine K. Ellis, Morgan E. Wehtje, Lisa L. Wolfe, Peregrine L. Wolff, Clayton D. Hilton, Mark C. Fisher, Shari Green, Michael P. Glow, Joeseph M. Halseth, Michael J. Lavelle, Nathan P. Snow, Eric H. VanNatta, Jack C. Rhyan, Kurt C. VerCauteren, William R. Lance, and Pauline Nol

Economic and livestock health impacts of birds on dairies: Evidence from a survey of Washington dairy operators, Julie L. Elser, Amber L. Adams Progar, Karen M.M. Steensma, Tyler P. Caskin, Susan R. Kerr, and Stephanie A. Shwiff

Feral swine harming insular sea turtle reproduction: The origin, impacts, behavior and elimination of an invasive species, Richard M. Engeman, Robert W. Byrd, Jamie Dozier, Mark A. McAlister, James O. Edens, Elizabeth M. Kierepka, Timothy J. Smyser, and Noel Myers

Invasive feral swine damage to globally imperiled steephead ravine habitats and influences from changes in population control effort, climate, and land use, Richard M. Engeman, Erica Laine, John Allen, Jeremy Preston, William Pizzolato, Brett Williams, Amanda Stevens Kreider, and Dennis Teague

Locating and eliminating feral swine from a large area of fragmented mixed forest and agriculture habitats in north-central USA, Richard M. Engeman, Bradley E. Wilson, Scott F. Beckerman, Justin W. Fischer, Doug Dufford, and James Bryan Cobban

The economic impacts of blackbird (Icteridae) damage to sunflower in the USA, Karina Ernst, Julie Elser, George Linz, Hans Kandel, Jason Holderieath, Samantha DeGroot, Steven Shwiff, and Stephanie Shwiff

Discovery and Characterization of Bukakata orbivirus (Reoviridae:Orbivirus), a Novel Virus from a Ugandan Bat, Anna C. Fagre, Justin S. Lee, Robert M. Kityo, Nicholas A. Bergren, Eric C. Mossel, Teddy Nakayiki, Betty Nalikka, Luke Nyakarahuka, Amy Gilbert, Julian Kerbis Peterhans, Mary B. Crabtree, Jonathan S. Towner, Brian R. Amman, Tara K. Sealy, Amy J. Schuh, Stuart T. Nichol, Julius J. Lutwama, Barry R. Miller, and Rebekah C. Kading

American White Pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos) Growth, Nutrition and Immunology, Treena L. Ferguson, Brian J. Rude, and D. Tommy King

Vision in an abundant North American bird: The Red-winged Blackbird, Esteban Fernández-Juricic, Patrice E. Baumhardt, Luke P. Tyrrell, Amanda Elmore, Shelagh T. DeLiberto, and Scott J. Werner

Use of unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) and multispectral imagery for quantifying agricultural areas damaged by wild pigs, Justin W. Fischer, Kelsey Greiner, Mark W. Lutman, Bryson L. Webber, and Kurt C. Vercauteren

Extreme site fidelity as an optimal strategy in an unpredictable and homogeneous environment, Brian D. Gerber, Mevin B. Hooten, Christopher P. Peck, Mindy B. Rice, James H. Gammonley, Anthony D. Apa, and Amy J. Davis

Injury Scores and Spatial Responses of Wolves Following Capture: Cable Restraints Versus Foothold Traps, Eric M. Gese, Patricia A. Terletzky, John D. Erb, Kevin C. Fuller, Jeffery P. Grabarkewitz, John P. Hart, Carolin Humpal, Barry A. Sampson, and Julie K. Young


Determination of residue levels of the avicide 3-chloro-4-methylaniline hydrochloride in red-winged blackbirds (Agelaius phoeniceus) by gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, David A. Goldade, Kirsten R. Kim, James C. Carlson, and Steven F. Volker

Assessing public support for restrictions on transport of invasive wild pigs (Sus scrofa) in the United States, Meredith J. Grady, Erin E. Harper, Keith M. Carlisle, Karina H. Ernst, and Stephanie A. Shwiff