Mustafa Emre Civelek
Structural Equation Modeling is a statistical method increasingly used in scientific studies in the fields of Social Sciences. It is currently a preferred analysis method, especially in doctoral dissertations and academic researches. However, since many universities do not include this method in the curriculum of undergraduate and graduate courses, students and scholars try to solve the problems they encounter by using various books and internet resources.
This book aims to guide the researcher who wants to use this method in a way that is free from math expressions. It teaches the steps of a research program using structured equality modeling practically. For students writing theses and scholars preparing academic articles, this book aims to analyze systematically the methodology of scientific studies conducted using structural equation modeling methods in the social sciences.
This book is prepared in as simple language as possible so as to convey basic information. It consists of two parts: the first gives basic concepts of structural equation modeling, and the second gives examples of applications.
This annotated list of the birds of Nebraska grew gradually out of research associated with my writing of the Birds of the Great Plains: Breeding Species and Their Distribution (Johnsgard, 1979a). It expands and updates an earlier version that was published in 2013 by the University of Nebraska–Lincoln Libraries DigitalCommons’ Zea Books (Johnsgard, 2013a). It has been updated and modified in its current revision to conform with the most recent (2017) major revision of the American Ornithologists’ Society’s Checklist of North American Birds (Chesser et al., 2017). It has also been modified in its current revision to conform very closely to the most recent “Official List of the Birds of Nebraska” by the Nebraska Ornithologists’ Union (Gubanyi, 1997, and later supplements in the Nebraska Bird Review, to 84:138–150). The NOU’s official state list of birds (461 species as of 2017) is based on actual specimen evidence or some other convincing basis of each species’ proven occurrence in the state. That list includes 337 “regular” species, 29 “casual” species, 90 “accidental” species, and 5 extinct or extirpated species. In this edition I have classified 368 of the 461 species of Nebraska birds as ranging in relative frequency of occurrence as “abundant” to “rare.” There are also 61 species considered to be of “accidental” occurrence, having been reliably reported in Nebraska no more than five times, 20 that are considered “extremely rare” or “very rare,” if reported from six to 25 times. There are also three extinct, four extirpated, and five unsuccessfully introduced species. Thirteen hypothetical species of dubious origin or identification are mentioned parenthetically. The text includes more than 123,000 words, nearly 200 literature references, and 19 pages of drawings and maps.
Paul A. Johnsgard
This book documents nearly 500 US and Canadian locations where wildlife refuges, nature preserves, and similar properties protect natural sites that lie within the North American Great Plains, from Canada’s Prairie Provinces to the Texas-Mexico border. Information on site location, size, biological diversity, and the presence of especially rare or interesting flora and fauna are mentioned, as well as driving directions, mailing addresses, and phone numbers or internet addresses, as available. US federal sites include 11 national grasslands, 13 national parks, 16 national monuments, and more than 70 national wildlife refuges. State properties include nearly 100 state parks and wildlife management areas. Also included are about 60 national and provincial parks, national wildlife areas, and migratory bird sanctuaries in Canada’s Prairie Provinces. Numerous public-access properties owned by counties, towns, and private organizations, such as the Nature Conservancy, National Audubon Society, and other conservation and preservation groups, are also described. Introductory essays describe the geological and recent histories of each of the five multistate and multiprovince regions recognized, along with some of the author’s personal memories of them. The 92,000-word text is supplemented with 7 maps and 31 drawings by the author and more than 700 references.
Agassiz National Wildlife Refuge • Agate Fossil Beds National Monument • Áisínai’pi National Historic Site of Canada • Alamosa National Wildlife Refuge • Alibates Flint Quarry National Monument • Alkali Lake • Altus-Lugert Wildlife Management Area • American Prairie Reserve • Anahuac National Wildlife Refuge • Anderson Prairie • Aransas National Wildlife Refuge , • Arrowwood National Wildlife Refuge • Asessippi Provincial Park • Ashfall Fossil Beds State Historic Park • Atka Lakota Museum and Cultural Center • Attwater Prairie Chicken National Wildlife Refuge • Audubon National Wildlife Refuge • Austin and vicinity • Austin City Park • Badlands National Park • Baker University Discovery Center • Baker Wetlands • Balcones Canyonlands National Wildlife Refuge • Bamforth National Wildlife Refuge • Basin and Middle Lake Migratory Bird Sanctuary • Bauer WPA [waterfowl production area] • Bazille Creek Wildlife Management Area • Beaudry Provincial Park • Beaverhall Lake Provincial Ramsar Site • Beaver River Wildlife Management Area • Bell Museum of Natural History • Bend in the Bow • Benedictine Bottoms Wildlife Area • Benton Lake National Wildlife Refuge • Big Bend National Park • Big Bend Ranch State Park • Big Boggy National Wildlife Refuge • Big Gumbo • Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area • Bighorn Mountains • Big Spring State Park • Big Stone National Wildlife Refuge • Big Thicket National Preserve • Birds Hill Provincial Park • Bitter Lake National Wildlife Refuge • Black Elk Wilderness • Black Hills National Forest • Black Kettle National Grassland (OK) • Black Kettle National Grassland (TX) • Black Mesa Preserve • Black Mesa State Park • BLM Recreation and Public Purposes site • Bluestem Prairie Scientific and Natural Area • Bolivar Flats Shorebird Sanctuary • Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge • Bowdoin National Wildlife Refuge • Boyer Chute National Wildlife Refuge • Boysen State Park • Bradwell National Wildlife Area • Brazoria National Wildlife Refuge • Brazos Bend State Park • Brickyard Hill Conservation Area • Brinton Museum • Broken Kettle Grasslands Preserve • Bud Love Wildlife Management Area • Buffalo Bill Center of the West • Buffalo Gap National Grassland • Buffalo Lake National Wildlife Refuge • Buffalo Pound Provincial Park • Buffalo River State Park • Bump Sullivan Reservoir • Bureau of Land Management • Burnham Creek Wildlife Management Area • Bushy Creek Prairie • Caddo Lake State Park • Caddo Lake Wildlife Management Area • Caddo National Grasslands Wildlife Management Area • Campbell WPA [waterfowl production area] • Candy Cain Abshier Wildlife Management Area • Canton Reservoir and Wildlife Management Area • Canyon Ferry Reservoir and Wildlife Management Area • Caprock Canyons State Park and Trailway • Capulin Volcano National Monument • Carlsbad Caverns National Park • Carnahan Creek Park • Cayler Prairie • Cayler Prairie State Preserve • Cedar Hills State Park • Cedar Ridge • Cedar Ridge Nature Preserve • Cedar River National Grassland (ND) • Cedar River National Grassland (SD) • Center for Western Studies • Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge • Chase Lake National Wildlife Refuge • Cheyenne Bottoms Waterfowl Management Area • Cheyenne River Indian Reservation • Chimney Rock National Historic Site • Chisholm Creek Park • Cimarron National Grassland • Clear Creek Wildlife Management Area • Colorado Bend State Park • Comanche National Grassland • Conata Basin • Confluence Area Interpretive Center • Connie Hagar Cottage Sanctuary • Connie Hagar Wildlife Sanctuary • Copper Breaks State Park • Coteau Prairie Waterfowl Production Area • Crane Trust, The • Crazy Horse Memorial • Crescent Lake National Wildlife Refuge • Crosby Wetland Management District • Cross Ranch Nature Preserve • Cross Ranch State Park • Cross Timbers State Park • Crow Creek Indian Reservation • Crow Flies High Butte Historic Site • Cupola, The • Custer State Park • Cypress Hills Interprovincial Park • Dakota Prairie Grasslands • Dallas Museum of Natural History • Dallas Nature Center • Davis Mountains State Park • Delta Marsh Bird Observatory • Delta Marsh Wildlife Management Area • Delta Waterfowl and Wetlands Research Station • Delta Waterfowl Research Station • Denver Museum of Nature and Science • Des Lacs National Wildlife Refuge • DeSoto National Wildlife Refuge • Devils Lake Wetland Management District • Devils Tower National Monument • Diamond Grove Prairie • Dinosaur Provincial Park • Dinosaur Valley State Park • Dorothy Pecaut Nature Center • Double Ditch Indian Village State Historic Site • Douglas Provincial Park • Draper Museum of Natural History • Dry Island Buffalo Jump Provincial Park • Duck Mountain Provincial Park • Duncairn Reservoir Migratory Bird Sanctuary • Dunn Ranch–Pawnee Prairie • Elk Island National Park • Elk Point Wildlife Management Area • Ellis County Wildlife Management Area • Eubank Woods Sanctuary • Facus Springs • Fancy Creek Wildlife Area • Farm Island State Recreation Area • Felton Prairie Scientific and Natural Area • Felton Prairie Wildlife Management Area • Fergus Falls Wetland Management District • First Peoples Buffalo Jump State Park • Five Ridge Prairie • Flint Hills National Wildlife Refuge • Folsom Man archeological site • Folsom Point Preserve • Forneys Lake Wildlife Management Area • Fort Abraham Lincoln State Park • Fort Atkinson State Historical Park • Fort Belknap Indian Reservation • Fort Berthold Indian Reservation • Fort Burford State Historic Site • Fort Cobb State Park • Fort Cobb Wildlife Management Area • Fort Kearney State Recreation Area • Fort Mandan Historic Site • Fort Niobrara National Wildlife Refuge • Fort Peck Indian Reservation • Fort Pierre National Grassland • Fort Robinson State Park • Fort Sill Military Reservation • Fort Stevenson State Park • Fort Supply Wildlife Management Area • Fort Union Trading Post National Historic Site • Fort Worth Nature Center and Refuge • Foss State Park • Four Bears Park • Franklin Mountains State Park • Freezout Lake Wildlife Management Area • Galveston Island State Park • Gardner Wetlands (Kansas City Power and Light Company Wetland Park) • Gene Howe Wildlife Management Area • George Lake • Giant Springs Heritage State Park • Gitchie Manitou Prairie • Glacial Ridge National Wildlife Refuge • Glendo State Park • Golden Prairie • Goose Island State Park • Grand River Grasslands • Grand River National Grassland • Grasslands National Park • Great Plains Nature Center • Grulla National Wildlife Refuge • Guadalupe Mountains National Park • Guernsey State Park • Hagerman National Wildlife Refuge • Hamden Slough National Wildlife Refuge • Hand Hills Ecological Reserve • Hay-Zama Lakes Wildland Provincial Park • Hazel Bazemore Park • Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump Area • Heard Natural Science Museum and Wildlife Sanctuary • Hecla-Grindstone Provincial Park • Heron Lake Wetlands • Herron Lake Playa Wetland • High Island Audubon sanctuaries • Highland, Kansas • Hitchcock Nature Center • Hitchcock Nature Center HawkWatch • Homestead National Monument of America • Houston Arboretum and Nature Center • Houston Museum of Natural Science • Hudson-Meng Bison Kill Research and Visitor Center • Hueco Tanks State Park • Huron Wetland Management District • Hutton Lake National Wildlife Refuge • Iain Nicolson Audubon Center at Rowe Sanctuary • Indian Cave State Park • Indian Museum of North America • Inglewood Migratory Bird Sanctuary • Iowa Indian Reservation • Isabel Wildlife Area • Jackson Lake State Park • James Kipp Recreation Area • J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge • J. Clark Salyer Wetland Management District • J. C. McCormack Wildlife Area • Jewel Cave National Monument • John E. Williams Nature Preserve • John Martin Reservoir State Park • Joslyn Art Museum • Kanopolis State Park • Kansas Department of Wildlife, Parks and Tourism miscellaneous wetlands • Karl Mundt National Wildlife Refuge • Kaslow Prairie • Kelly’s Slough National Wildlife Refuge • Kiowa National Grassland • Kirwin National Wildlife Refuge • Knife River Indian Villages National Historic Site • Kulm Wetland Management District • Lac Qui Parle Wildlife Management Area/State Park • Lacreek National Wildlife Refuge • Laffite’s Cove Nature Preserve • LaFramboise Island Nature Area • Laguna Atascosa National Wildlife Refuge • Lake Alice National Wildlife Refuge • Lake Andes National Wildlife Refuge • Lake Andes Wetland Management District • Lake DeSmet • Lake Francis Wildlife Management Area • Lake Ilo National Wildlife Refuge • Lake McConaughy State Recreation Area • Lake Meredith National Recreation Area • Lake Metigoshe State Park • Lake Ogallala State Recreation Area • Laramie Peak Wildlife Habitat Management Area • Las Vegas National Wildlife Refuge • Last Mountain Lake National Wildlife Area • LeClair WPA [waterfowl production area] • Lenore Lake Migratory Bird Sanctuary • Lewis and Clark Interpretive Center (IA) • Lewis and Clark Interpretive Center (ND) • Lewis and Clark Keelboat Information Center • Lewis and Clark Monument • Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail Interpretive Center • Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail Visitor Center • Lewis and Clark State Park (IA) • Lewis and Clark State Park (MO) • Lewis and Clark State Park (ND) • Lewis and Clark State Recreation Area • Lewis and Clark Trail • Lewis and Clark Trail Heritage Foundation • Lewis and Clark Visitor Center • Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument • Little Missouri National Grassland • Living Prairie Museum • Loess Bluffs National Wildlife Refuge • Loess Hills Pioneer State Forest • Loess Hills region • Loess Hills Scenic Byway • Loess Hills State Forest • Loess Hills Wildlife Area • Loess Hills Wildlife Management Area • Long Lake National Wildlife Refuge • Lost Maples State Natural Area • Lost River State Forest • Lostwood National Wildlife Refuge • Lostwood Wetland Management District Complex • Louis B. Smith Woods Sanctuary • Lower Brule Indian Reservation • Lower Rio Grande Valley National Wildlife Refuge • Lyndon B. Johnson National Grassland • Maah Daah Trail • Madison Wetland Management District • Mammoth Site of Hot Springs • Manitoba Museum • Manitoba Tallgrass Prairie Preserve • Marais des Cygnes National Wildlife Refuge • Marais des Cygnes Wildlife Area • Marmaton River Bottoms Prairie • Matador Wildlife Management Area • Maxwell National Wildlife Refuge • Maxwell Wildlife Refuge • McClellan Creek National Grassland • McCormack Loess Mounds Natural Area • McFaddin National Wildlife Refuge • McKinney Falls State Park • McPherson Valley wetlands • Medicine Lake National Wildlife Refuge • Meridian State Park • Missouri Breaks National Back Country Byway • Missouri Headwaters State Park • Missouri National Recreational River • Missouri National Recreational River (southern unit) • Missouri National Recreational River Resource and Educational Center • Missouri prairies and prairie-chickens • Missouri River Basin Lewis and Clark Interpretive Trail and Visitor Center • Mobridge • Monte Vista National Wildlife Refuge • Moose Mountain Provincial Park • Morgan Creek Wildlife Habitat Management Area • Morris Wetland Management District • Mount Rushmore National Memorial • Mount Talbot State Preserve • Muleshoe National Wildlife Refuge • Murray Lake Migratory Bird Sanctuary • Museum of Geology • Museum of the Rockies • Narcisse Wildlife Management Area • National Grassland Visitor Center • Native American Education and Cultural Center • Native American Heritage Museum • Native American National Scenic Byway • Natural History Museum, University of Kansas • Neal Smith National Wildlife Refuge • Neely Lake Migratory Bird Sanctuary • Neosho Wildlife Area • New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science • Nicolle Flats Nature Area • Niobrara National Scenic River • Niobrara State Park • Niobrara Valley Preserve • Norbeck Wildlife Preserve • North Platte National Wildlife Refuge • Norton Wildlife Area • Oak Hammock Interpretive Center • Oak Hammock Marsh • Oak Hammock Wildlife Management Area • Oakville Prairie • Ocean Lake Wildlife Habitat Management Area • Oglala National Grassland • Old Wives Lake Migratory Bird Sanctuary • Olsburg Marsh • Omaha Indian Reservation • On-A-Slant Indian Village • Optima National Wildlife Refuge • Optima Wildlife Management Area • Opuntia Lake Migratory Bird Sanctuary • Osage Indian Reservation • Osage Prairie Conservation Area • Outlet Park • Packsaddle Wildlife Management Area • Padre Island National Seashore • Palo Duro Canyon State Park • Pankratz Memorial Prairie • Pawnee National Grassland • Peace-Athabasca Delta • Pedernales Falls State Park • Perot Museum of Nature and Science • Perry Lake State Park • Perry Reservoir • Pine Ridge Indian Reservation • Pine to Prairie Birding Trail • Pine to Prairie International Birding Trail • Pipestone National Monument • Plains Indian Museum • Platte Creek State Recreation Area • Playa Lakes Wildlife Management Area • Plover Prairie • Pocasse National Wildlife Refuge • Pompeys Pillar National Monument • Ponca Indian Reservation • Ponca State Park • Pope National Wildlife Area • Prairie Chicken Management Areas • Prairie Dog State Park • Prairie National Wildlife Area • Prairie State Park • Prairie Wildlife Interpretive Centre • Prewitt Reservoir State Wildlife Area • Pryor Mountains Wild Horse Range • Purgatoire River State Wildlife Area • Queens State Wildlife Area • Quill Lakes • Quivira National Wildlife Refuge • Rainwater Basin • Rainwater Basin Wetland Management District • Randall Creek Recreation Area • Raven Island National Wildlife Area • Redberry Lake Migratory Bird Sanctuary • Riding Mountain National Park • Rio Grande Wild and Scenic River • Rita Blanca National Grassland (TX) • Rita Blanca National Grassland/Wildlife Management Area (OK) • River Pond State Park • Riverdale Wildlife Management Area • Riverton Wildlife Management Area • Roam Free Park • Rockwood National Wildlife Area • Rolling Thunder Prairie • Roseau River Wildlife Management Area • Rosebud Indian Reservation • Rowan’s Ravine Provincial Park • Royal Tyrrell Museum • Rowe Sanctuary • Rulo Bluffs Preserve • Rydell National Wildlife Refuge • Sabine Woods Bird Sanctuary • Sacagawea Monument • Sac and Fox Indian Reservation • Sac and Fox Tribal Museum • Saint-Denis National Wildlife Area • Salt Lake Wildlife Management Area • Salt Plains National Wildlife Refuge • Sam Noble Museum • Samuel H. Ordway, Jr. Memorial Preserve • San Bernard National Wildlife Refuge • Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge • Sand Lake Wetland Management District • Sandy Sanders Wildlife Management Area • Santa Ana National Wildlife Refuge • Santee Sioux Indian Reservation • Saskatchewan Landing Provincial Park • Scent Grass Lake Migratory Bird Sanctuary • Scotts Bluff National Monument • Sea Rim State Park • S. E. Gast Red Bay Sanctuary • Seminoe State Park • Sequoyah National Wildlife Refuge • Sergeant Floyd Riverboat Welcome Center • Shell Lake National Wildlife Refuge • Sheyenne National Grassland • Sioux City • Sioux City Prairie • Sitting Bull Monument • Slade National Wildlife Refuge • Slate Creek Wetlands • Smith Grove Wildlife Management Area • Smith Oaks Sanctuary • Smith Point Hawk Watch Tower • Snake Creek State Recreation Area • South Dakota Cultural Heritage Center • Spears Lake National Wildlife Area • Spirit Mound State Park • Spring Creek Prairie Audubon Center • Springer Lake • Spruce Woods Provincial Park • St. Ambroise Beach Provincial Park • St. Victor Petroglyphs Provincial Historic Park • Stalwart National Wildlife Area • Standing Rock Indian Reservation (ND) • Standing Rock Indian Reservation (SD) • Star School Hill Prairie Conservation Area • Star School Hill Prairie Natural Area • Steele Prairie • Stein Playa Wetlands • Stockdale Park • Stone State Park • Stump Lake National Wildlife Refuge • Sullys Hill National Game Preserve • Swan Lake National Wildlife Refuge • Sylvan Runkel Preserve • Taberville Prairie • Table Mountain Wildlife Habitat Management Unit • Talcot Lake Wildlife Management Area • Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve • Tallgrass Prairie Preserve • Tamarac National Wildlife Refuge • Taylor Wildlife Management Habitat Area • Tewaukon National Wildlife Refuge • Texas Lake Wildlife Area • Texas Point National Wildlife Refuge • Theodore Roosevelt National Park • Three Tribes Museum • Thunder Basin National Grassland • Tishomingo National Wildlife Refuge • Toadstool Geological Park • Toronto Wildlife Area • Trailside Museum of Natural History • Turin Loess Hills Nature Preserve • Turin Loess Hills Prairie • Turkey Playa Wetland • Turtle Mountain Provincial Park • Tuttle Creek Lake region • Tuttle Creek Park • Tuttle Creek State Park • Tway National Wildlife Area • Tympanuchus Wildlife Management Area • UL Bend National Wildlife Refuge • Union Slough National Wildlife Refuge • University of Iowa Museum of Natural History • University of Nebraska State Museum • University of Wyoming Geological Museum • Upper Missouri National Wild and Scenic River • Upper Missouri River Breaks National Monument • Upper Rousay Lake Migratory Bird Sanctuary • Upper Souris National Wildlife Refuge • Valentine National Wildlife Refuge • Valley City Wetland Management District • Val Marie Reservoir Migratory Bird Sanctuary • Wah’Kon-Tah Prairie • Wascana Centre • Wascana Lake Migratory Bird Sanctuary • Washington Pavilion of Arts and Sciences • Washita National Wildlife Refuge • Waubay National Wildlife Refuge • Waubay Wetland Management District • Waubonsie State Park • Waurika Wildlife Management Area • Webb National Wildlife Area • Welder Wildlife Foundation • West Bend State Recreation Area • Western Historic Trails Center • Weston Bend Bottomlands • Whitney Preserve • W. H. Over Museum • Wichita Mountains National Wildlife Refuge • Wildcat Hills State Recreation Area and Nature Center • Wildcat Preference Right Lease Application Site • Wind Cave National Park • Winnebago Indian Reservation • Woodworth Waterfowl Production Area • Writing-on-Stone Provincial Park • Wyoming Dinosaur Center • Yankton Sioux Indian Reservation • Yellow Quill Prairie
Edin Güçlü Sözer, Mustafa Emre Civelek, and Murat Çemberci
The basic production of the digital economy is knowledge. As it becomes more important, traditional factors like labor and capital become less so. As technological innovation changes the nature of employment, the conversion of labor to consumption becomes increasingly difficult. E-commerce is the most important driving force of the digital economy. Using technology and information networks effectively allows brands or companies to effect rapid changes in competitive markets. The emergence of neo-consumers calls for a higher order of information exchange and interaction. Companies must reasses their complete business processes in a holistic way to ensure market prominence in an economy driven by social networks and communication. This book deals with the new concepts determining the future path of the digital economy and aims at providing a new perspective to the field.
Lena Bjerregaard and Torben Huss
The Ethnological Museum in Berlin, Germany, houses Europe’s largest collection of PreColumbian textiles—around 9000 well-preserved examples. Lena Bjerregaard, editor and compiler of this volume, was the conservator for these materials from 2000 to 2014, and she worked with many international researchers to analyze and publicize the collection. This book includes seven of their essays about the museum’s holdings – by Bea Hoffmann, Ann Peters, Susan Bergh, Lena Bjerregaard, Jane Feltham, Katalin Nagy, and Gary Urton. The book’s second part is a 177-page catalogue, arranged by periods and styles, of 273 selected items that represent the collection as fully as possible, with more than 380 photographs. Styles or cultures include Paracas, Nasca, Lambayeque/Sican, Ychsma, Chavin, Siguas, Tiwanaku, Wari, Chimu, Central Coast, Chancay, South Coast, Inca, and Colonial. Items include tunics, clothing, tapestry, hats, belts, headbands, samplers, borders, and khipus. Materials include camelid fibers, feathers, hair, cotton, reed, straw, and other plant fibers.
02 Introduction, Lena Bjerregaard
03 Beatrix Hoffmann: Wilhelm Gretzer and His Collection of Peruvian Antiquities in the Ethnological Museum in Berlin
04 Ann Peters: Corpus and Context: Comparisons among Textiles from the Late Paracas and Early Nasca Traditions
05 Susan Bergh: Middle Horizon Textiles from Berlin’s Ethnological Museum
06 Lena Bjerregaard: Lambayeque/Sican Textiles in the Ethnological Museum in Berlin
07 Jane Feltham: Ychsma Textiles in the Gretzer Collection at the Ethnological Museum in Berlin
08 Katalin Nagy: Ritual Headdresses from the South Coast in the Ethnological Museum in Berlin
09 Gary Urton: A Khipu Menagerie: Human, Animal and Bird Imagery on Khipus in the Ethnological Museum in Berlin
11 Early Horizon and Early Intermediate (Chavin, Paracas, Siguas)
12 Middle Horizon (Tiwanaku, Wari)
13 Late Intermediate (Lambayeque/Sican)
14 Late Intermediate (Chimu)
15 Late Intermediate (Central Coast – Ychsma, Chancay)
16 Late Intermediate (South Coast)
17 Late Horizon (Inka)
Lena Bjerregaard and Ann H. Peters
Introduction — Lena Bjerregaard and Ann Peters
1. Mesoamerican Archaeological Textiles: An Overview of Materials, Techniques, and Contexts — Laura Filloy Nadal
2. Urdimbres enlazadas de Mesoamérica. Textil de la Cueva del Gallo, Morelos, México — Patricia Ochoa Castillo & Rosa Lorena Román Torres •
3. Los textiles procedentes del actual estado de Guerrero, México: una revisión a su estudio desde la perspectiva arqueológica y etnohistórica — Elizabeth Jiménez García
4. Classic Textiles from Cueva del Lazo (Chiapas, Mexico). Archaeological context and conservation issues — Davide Domenici & Gloria Martha Sánchez Valenzuela
5. Textiles y otros materiales arqueológicos del valle de Tehuacán, México, en los Museos reales de Arte e Historia (MRAH), Bruselas — Julia Montoya
6. The World on a Whorl: Considerations on Aztec Spindle Whorl Iconography — Jesper Nielsen
7. Mexica Textiles: Archaeological Remains from the Sacred Precincts of Tenochtitlan and Tlatelolco — Leonardo López Luján & Salvador Guilliem Arroyo
8. Andean Textile Traditions: Material Knowledge and Culture, Part 1 — Elena Phipps
9. Introduction into the history of the textile collection at the Ethnological Museum Berlin — Beatrix Hoffmann
10. Archaeological Textiles of Sechín Bajo – a formative Site of the North Coast of Peru: Preliminarily Results — Katalin Nagy
11. Headdress forms in the Paracas Necrópolis Mortuary Tradition — Ann H. Peters
12. Nasca Textiles of south Peru, Los Molinos, Sector B. Analysis and Insights — Dr. Daniela Biermann
13. Pre-Columbian Textile Structures at Castillo de Huarmey, Peru — Aleksandra Laszczka, Jeffrey C. Splitstoser, & Miłosz Giersz
14. The curious case of Sir Henry Wellcome’s wooden statuette clad in tie-dyed Wari cloth — Penelope Dransart
15. Tocados del Horizonte Medio al Intermedio Tardío en la costa central: Una visión desde el valle de Asia, Perú (Siglos VII-XII d.C.) — Rommel Angeles Falcón
16. Hallazgo de una Ofrenda Textil con material Horizonte Tardío e Inca Local en el valle medio de Pisco — Luis Peña Callirgos
17. Trajes de poder. Los conjuntos Chimú con borlas — Victòria Solanilla
18. Structure, Design, and Gender in Inka Textiles — Blenda Femenías
19. Lambayeque Textile Iconography and its Continuity in Chimu and Inca Cultures, and its link to modern Ecuadorian Pujilí Corpus Christi Celebrations — Yvonne Fleitman & Alisa Baginski
20. La imagen divina y el simbolismo religioso en textiles del Antiguo Perú — Uwe Carlson
Conservation, reconstruction, analyses
21. Provenance investigations of raw materials in pre-Columbian textiles from Pachacamac; strontium isotope analyses — Karin Margarita Frei & Lena Bjerregaard
22. Analysis of Paracas fibre material from the Gothenburg Collection — Anna Javér
23. La conservación de dos fardos funerarios provenientes de contextos arqueológicos: El caso de la cueva del Lazo, Ocozocoautla, Chiapas y la cueva de la Candelaria, Torreón, Coahuila, México — Gloria Martha Sánchez Valenzuela
24. The Arizona Openwork (Tonto) Shirt Project — Carol James
Jackie Canterbury and Paul Johnsgard
Part I. The Brinton Museum and Its Birds
Part II. Profiles of 48 Common Local and Regional Birds: Ring-necked Pheasant, Sharp-tailed Grouse, Great Blue Heron, Turkey Vulture, Osprey, Bald Eagle, Cooper’s Hawk, Red-tailed Hawk, Rough-legged Hawk, Sandhill Crane, Killdeer, Eastern Screech-Owl, Great Horned Owl, Broad-tailed Hummingbird, Calliope Hummingbird, Belted Kingfisher, Downy Woodpecker, Red-naped Sapsucker, Northern Flicker, American Kestrel, Western Wood-Pewee, Say’s Phoebe, Eastern Kingbird, Black-billed Magpie, American Crow, Common Raven, Tree Swallow, Cliff Swallow, Black-capped Chickadee, Mountain Chickadee, Red-breasted Nuthatch, Brown Creeper, House Wren, American Dipper, Mountain Bluebird, Cedar Waxwing, Yellow Warbler, Yellow-rumped Warbler, Spotted Towhee, Vesper Sparrow, Dark-eyed Junco, Western Tanager, Black-headed Grosbeak, Lazuli Bunting, Western Meadowlark, Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch, House Finch, Cassin’s Finch, Red Crossbill, Pine Siskin, American Goldfinch
Salvatore Gaspa, Cécile Michel, and Marie-Louise Nosch
The papers in this volume derive from the conference on textile terminology held in June 2014 at the University of Copenhagen. Around 50 experts from the fields of Ancient History, Indo-European Studies, Semitic Philology, Assyriology, Classical Archaeology, and Terminology from twelve different countries came together at the Centre for Textile Research, to discuss textile terminology, semantic fields of clothing and technology, loan words, and developments of textile terms in Antiquity. They exchanged ideas, research results, and presented various views and methods.
This volume contains 35 chapters, divided into five sections: • Textile terminologies across the ancient Near East and the Southern Levant • Textile terminologies in Europe and Egypt • Textile terminologies in metaphorical language and poetry • Textile terminologies: examples from China and Japan • Technical terms of textiles and textile tools and methodologies of classifications
The 42 contributors include Salvatore Gaspa, Cécile Michel, Marie-Louise Nosch, Elena Soriga, Louise Quillien, Luigi Malatacca, Nahum Ben-Yehuda, Christina Katsikadeli, Orit Shamir, Agnes Korn, Georg Warning, Birgit Anette Olsen, Stella Spantidaki, Peder Flemestad, Peter Herz, Ines Bogensperger, Herbert Graßl, Mary Harlow, Berit Hildebrandt, Magdalena Öhrman, Roland Schuhmann, Kerstin Droß-Krüpe, John Peter Wild, Maria Mossakowska-Gaubert, Julia Galliker, Anne Regourd, Fiona J. L. Handley, Götz König, Miguel Ángel Andrés-Toledo, Stefan Niederreiter, Oswald Panagl, Giovanni Fanfani, Le Wang, Feng Zhao, Mari Omura, Naoko Kizawa, Maciej Szymaszek, Francesco Meo, Felicitas Maeder, Kalliope Sarri, Susanne Lervad, and Tove Engelhardt Mathiassen.
Includes 134 color and black & white illustrations.
This volume, the fourth in a series of books that collectively update and expand P. A. Johnsgard’s 1975 The Waterfowl of North America, summarizes research findings on this economically and ecologically important group of waterfowl. The volume includes the mostly tropical perching duck tribe Cairinini, of which two species, the muscovy duck and the wood duck, are representatives. Both species are adapted for foraging on the water surface, mostly on plant materials, but typically perch in trees and nest in elevated tree cavities or other elevated recesses. This volume also includes the dabbling, or surface-feeding, duck tribe Anatini, a large assemblage of duck species that mainly forage on the water surface but nest on the ground, or only very rarely in elevated locations. Of this tribe, 12 species that regularly breed in North America are included, among them such familiar species as mallards, wigeons, pintails, and teal. Descriptive accounts of the distributions, populations, ecologies, social-sexual behaviors, and breeding biology of all these species are provided, together with distribution maps. Five additional Eurasian and West Indian species have been reported several times in North America; these have been included with more abbreviated accounts, but all 17 species are illustrated by drawings, photographs, or both. The text includes about 84,000 words and contains more than 1,000 references. There are also 12 distribution maps, 21 drawings, 28 photographic plates, and 58 anatomical or behavioral sketches.
Paul A. Johnsgard
This book documents the biology of six species of New World quails that are native to North America north of Mexico (mountain, scaled, Gambel’s, California, and Montezuma quails, and the northern bobwhite), three introduced Old World partridges (chukar, Himalayan snowcock, and gray partridge), and the introduced common (ring-necked) pheasant. Collectively, quails, partridges, and pheasants range throughout all of the continental United States and the Canadian provinces. Two of the species, the northern bobwhite and ring-necked pheasant, are the most economically important of all North American upland game birds. All of the species are hunted extensively for sport and are highly popular with naturalists, birders, and other outdoor enthusiasts.
The New World quails and Old World partridges share many basic aspects of social and reproductive behavior, such as gathering during nonbreeding periods into small, usually closely related coveys. They also all exhibit prolonged monogamous pair-bonding, biparental brood care, reduced sexual dimorphism in adult plumages and body mass, and a high diversity of vocalizations associated with covey, family, and pair interactions. As relatively small species with high mortality rates, they have evolved rapid periods to sexual maturity, unusually large clutch sizes that are among the largest of all birds, and pairings that regularly attempt to renest following nest failures.
By comparison, the ring-necked pheasant is one of the Old World pheasants, who form less cohesive and less tightly structured flocks and have evolved nonmonogamous (polygynous or promiscuous) breeding strategies. Adult pheasants exhibit strong sexual dimorphism in plumage, body mass, and sexual behavior. Adult males have sharp tarsal spurs that are used during fights when establishing dominance status, and they perform some of the most spectacular sexual advertisement displays of all birds. Clutch sizes average considerably smaller than those of quails and partridges, whereas brooding durations and durations to sexual maturity are longer.
The book totals more than 85,000 words, and includes about 1,100 literature citations, 29 pages of drawings, 27 photos, and 11 maps. Together with an earlier volume on grouse, it completes a survey of the biology and behavior of all 19 native and introduced species of North American quails, partridges, and pheasants.
Paul A. Johnsgard
Although the 12 species representing three waterfowl tribes described in this volume are not closely related, they fortuitously provide an instructive example of adaptive evolutionary radiation within the much larger waterfowl lineage (the family Anatidae), especially as to their divergent morphologies, life histories, and social behaviors.
The whistling-ducks (Dendrocygna), with three known North American species, are notable for their permanent pair-bonds, extended biparental family care, and strong social cohesion. In contrast, males of the five typical pochards of North American diving ducks (Aythya) establish monogamous pair-bonds that are maintained only long enough to assure that the female’s eggs are fertilized. The endpoint of this behavioral gradient, promiscuity or polygyny, exists among at least some of the typical stifftails (Oxyura). Such diverse reproductive strategies have exerted powerful evolutionary influences on interspecies variations in sexual dimorphism, sexual behavior, anatomy, ecology, and other traits.
This volume includes more than 63,000 words, plus some 200 maps, photos, drawings, and sketches, and nearly 650 literature citations. It is the last of five volumes that describe all 55 waterfowl species that have been historically documented in North America; collectively, the volumes total over 300,000 words, with nearly 3,000 literature citations, and more than 600 maps, photos, drawings, and sketches.
Patrick Juola and Stephen Ramsay
Scholars of all stripes are turning their attention to materials that represent enormous opportunities for the future of humanistic inquiry. The purpose of this book is to impart the concepts that underlie the mathematics they are likely to encounter and to unfold the notation in a way that removes that particular barrier completely. This book is a primer for developing the skills to enable humanist scholars to address complicated technical material with confidence. This book, to put it plainly, is concerned with the things that the author of a technical article knows, but isn’t saying. Like any field, mathematics operates under a regime of shared assumptions, and it is our purpose to elucidate some of those assumptions for the newcomer.
The individual subjects we tackle are (in order): logic and proof, discrete mathematics, abstract algebra, probability and statistics, calculus, and differential equations. This is not at all the order in which these subjects are usually taught in school curricula, and indeed, it is possible to take a course of study that does not include all of them. Our ordering is borne of our own sense of how best to convey the concepts of mathematics to humanists, and is, like mathematics itself, strongly cumulative.
D. W. Robertson Jr. and Paul A. Olson
Foreword by Paul A. Olson • Buzones, an Alternative Etymology • The Manuel des Péchés and an English Episcopal Decree • Correspondence – The Manuel des Péchés • A Note on the Classical Origin of ‘Circumstances’ in the Medieval Confessional • A Study of Certain Aspects of the Cultural Tradition of ‘Handlyng Synne’ • The Cultural Tradition of Handlyng Synne • Marie de France, Lais, Prologue, 13-16 • Cumhthach Labhras an Lonsa • Chaucerian Tragedy • St. Foy among the Thorns • Amors de terra lonhdana • The Subject of the De Amore of Andreas Capellanus • Why the Devil Wears Green • A Further Note on Conjointure • The Book of the Duchess • Chaucer Criticism • “And for my land thus hastow mordred me?” Land Tenure, the Cloth Industry, and the Wife of Bath • Chaucer and the “Commune Profit”: The Manor • The Intellectual, Artistic and Historical Context • Religion and Stylistic History • Simple Signs from Everyday Life in Chaucer • Chaucer and Christian Tradition • The Wife of Bath and Midas • The Probable Date and Purpose of Chaucer’s Troilus • Who Were “The People”? • Chaucer and the Economic and Social Consequences of the Plague • The Probable Date and Purpose of Chaucer’s Knight’s Tale • The Physician’s Comic Tale • Wisdom and “The Manciple’s Tale”: A Chaucerian Comic Interlude
The purpose of this book is to investigate and discuss the premise that the current generation was constructed to be consumers for a transitional marketplace. As the economy shifted from analog to digital, consumers had to be trained to accept, use and progress within a new economic model through changes in societal and economic patterns. During the course of this book those patterns will be discussed and displayed as a confluence of: Marketplace manipulation, Abusive use of technologies, and Lack of governance.
In this book I discuss how those events are reflected in the habits and lifestyles of the current 12 to 25 year old demographic globally and how it has caused them to be the consummate consumer of digital goods based on events that have been created to develop them to be consumers and to be consumed. One of the first questions is whether this was the fault of parenting; in my opinion – no, it was more the position families were placed in and how they best could survive. When many events come into play and seemingly conspire to force families to re-invent themselves, it is not so much the fault of the “herd” but the result of the “rancher”.
Barbara Dell`Abate Çelebi
Un approccio ludico alla didattica della letteratura nella classe di lingua
In questo scritto si intende rivalutare l’impiego del testo letterario nell’insegnamento delle lingue straniere attraverso l’utilizzo di attività ludiche che permettano una piena ed attiva partecipazione del soggetto al processo glottodidattico. Il libro è diviso in due parti: una parte teorica (capitoli 1-2-3) e una parte operativa (capitoli 4-5). La parte teorica introduce il tema della didattica della letteratura da un punto di vista storico e metodologico. Nel primo capitolo si definisce il termine letteratura tracciando un breve quadro storico delle metodologie utilizzate da inizio secolo ad oggi nel nostro Paese. Nel secondo capitolo si ricercano le motivazioni, le strategie d’approccio e i materiali da utilizzare nell’ambito della didattica della letteratura, rilevando le caratteristiche dei principali generi letterari e gli elementi che li contraddistinguono. Il terzo capitolo conclude la sezione teorica e si concentra sul piacere del testo e sul gioco quale strumento didattico. La parte operativa presenta due unità didattiche dedicate alla novella in cui si sono applicati i principi teorici tracciati precedentemente. A queste segue una guida per l’insegnante in cui si spiegano le finalità, le modalità e i tempi di realizzazione di ogni attività/gioco proposto. Tale approccio può essere applicato con successo nell’ambito della didattica della letteratura nella classe di lingua permettendo di esercitare contemporaneamente sia le capacità linguistiche che quelle cognitive.
A feminist perspective of the myth of Penelope in Annie Leclerc’s Toi, Pénélope, Margaret Atwood’s The Penelopiad and Silvana La Spina’s Penelope.
At the origin of Western literature stands Queen Penelope—faithfully waiting for her husband to come home: keeping house, holding on to the throne, keeping the suitors at arm’s length, preserving Odysseus’ place and memory, deserted for the pursuit of war and adventures, and bringing up a son alone, but always keeping the marriage intact. Yet recently the character of Penelope, long the archetype of abandoned, faithful, submissive, passive wife, has been reinterpreted by feminist criticism and re-envisioned by three modern novels — in French, English, and Italian — to emerge as a central, strong, self-determining, and erotically liberated female icon. Her character “is permeated with new and more complex representations of feminine diversity that, by subverting the roles attested by the canon, break with stereotypes and pursue autonomy.” Part one of this book covers “Feminist Literary Criticism and the Theme of Penelope”; part two considers “Penelope in Three (Feminist) Revisionist Novels” – by Annie Leclerc, Margaret Atwood and Silvana La Spina. These feminist revisions of myths of womanhood and rewritings of female archetypes from a feminist perspective broaden the definition of femininity to include new possibilities and more inclusive representations of female identity.
Barbara Dell’Abate-Çelebi is the author of L’alieno dentro: Percorso semiotico alle origini del romanzo femminista italiano (2011) and La letteratura in gioco (2016). She is Assistant Professor in the Department of English Translation and Interpreting at Beykent University and Visiting Instructor in the Department of French Literature at Galatasaray University, both in Istanbul. She holds a degree in Modern Languages and Literatures from the University of Naples ‘L’Orientale’ and a PhD in Italian literature from the University of Istanbul. She has taught Italian, English and French literature at the University of Istanbul, Koç University and Université Libre de Bruxelles.
The Bureau of Sociological Research at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln: A Brief History 1964–2014
Michael R. Hill
This volume is a provisional account of the origins and subsequent work of the Bureau of Sociological Research (BOSR) at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln (UNL). This study was prepared at the request of Julia McQuillan, Chair of the UNL Department of Sociology and a past BOSR Director, for the 50th anniversary celebration of the Bureau in April 2014.
This study falls within the field known generally as “the sociology of sociology” and this accounts for the devising of a typology of sociologies that delineates the intellectual field of play historically occupied by the Bureau of Sociological Research at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln.
Harriet Martineau advised, “The grand secret of wise inquiry . . . is to begin with the study of THINGS, using the DISCOURSE OF PERSONS as a commentary upon them.” Thus, the present investigation is based almost entirely on documentary sources (die Quellen) — and these are often frustratingly fragmentary. As much as possible, the author has tried to avoid the difficulties that not infrequently confront writers of organizational histories, especially in cases where many of the central protagonists are still living.
The Bureau of Sociological Research, established in 1964, was founded as a formal organization within the Department of Sociology at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. It is part of a departmental heritage that is now more than a century long. Directors of the Bureau have included Herman Turk, Alan Booth, David R. Johnson, Hugh P. Whitt, Lynn K. White, Helen A. Moore, D. Wayne Osgood, Laura A. Sanchez, Dan R. Hoyt, Julia Mcquillan, Philip Schwadel, and Jolene D. Smyth.
Michael R. Hill
While participating in a Teacher Workshop organized by Georgina Valverde at the Art Institute of Chicago in 2013, Michael Hill began a one-year artistic and pedagogical odyssey making original images (always featuring some aspect of one or more athletic shoes) and posting them daily to a visual blog he created to help kick-start writing projects among the many student athletes he tutored at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. He started the year self-identifying as “scholar/teacher,” but at year’s end Michael looked in the mirror and said, OK, still “scholar/ teacher,” but also “artist.” Here are the workshop organizer’s foreword, the scholar’s introduction, the teacher’s formal lesson plan, 52 plates from the artist’s blog, and a proxy example of student work.
MICHAEL R. HILL earned two doctorates at the University of Nebraska- Lincoln and was for ten years a tutor in the UNL Department of Athletics. His specialties include archival research, human spatial behavior, visual sociology, and the theories, methods, and histories of the social sciences. Hill is a writer/researcher/artist at D&H Sociologists in St. Joseph, Michigan, and a docent in the Krasl Art Center’s K-12 Understanding Art Program.
GEORGINA VALVERDE is an established Chicago artist and Assistant Director of Teacher Programs at the Art Institute of Chicago.
(A higher-resolution 100 MB version is available [below] as an additional file.)
Michael R. Hill and Mary Jo Deegan
HUMANS AND DOGS have a long, wonderful and sometimes problematic association. At a personal level, dogs have been integral to our lives, and our parents’ lives, for as long as the two of us can remember. As sociologists, we also recognize that dogs are important at the macro level. Here, we introduce a selection of early sociological arguments about dogs and their social relationships with humankind. Our interest in developing this book began when we encountered the delightful essays on dogs by Charlotte Perkins Gilman and Annie Marion MacLean — two insightful Anglo-American sociologists who present opposing sympathies regarding the canine world. Admirers and detractors of dogs reflect important sensibilities within Anglo-American society. This book is a smorgasbord of sociological standpoints, all written by some of sociology’s most perceptive practitioners, from 1865 to 1934. We are delighted with the opportunity to make these essays more widely available. As these readings document, dogs are intrinsically social beings. Likewise, our observations of dogs, our interactions with dogs, and our writings about dogs are markedly social phenomena. Dogs are not only part of our social world, they also inform our sociological imagination at both micro and macro levels.
Michael R. Hill, Carl Ritter, Nainie Lenora Robertson Stoddard, Thomas Doering, Steve Kale, Carolyn V. Prorok, Surinder M. Bhardwaj, and Robert H. Stoddard
As an expression of their friendship and esteem, the authors dedicate these essays to Robert H. Stoddard in honor of his many years of exemplary service to the people of Nebraska, the World, and the discipline of Geography. After earning the BA at Nebraska Wesleyan (1950), an MA at the University of Nebraska (1960), and the PhD at the University of Iowa (1966), Dr. Stoddard taught for some forty combined years at Nebraska Wesleyan University (1961-67) and the University of Nebraska-Lincoln (1967 to the present, where he is now Professor Emeritus). He also taught high school in India (1952-57), and was Visiting Professor at Tribhuvan University in Kathmandu, Nepal (1975-76), and the University of Columbo in Sri Lanka (1986). In addition to much productive research, many scholarly publications (notably Field Techniques and Research Methods in Geography, 1982), and unstinting university service, he also served his local community as a member of the Lincoln-Lancaster Planning Commission (1974-78). In 1992, the National Council for Geographic Education bestowed on him its Distinguished Teaching Achievement Award. Essays or chapters have been contributed by Michael R. Hill, Carl Ritter, Nainie Lenora Robertson Stoddard, Thomas Doering, Steve Kale, Carolyn V. Prorok, and Surinder M. Bhardwaj. The book includes Dr. Stoddard’s essay “Regionalization and Regionalism in Sri Lanka,” as well as a bibliography of his writings and professional papers, a chronology of publications and papers presented, and a list of dissertations and thesis supervised.
Paul A. Johnsgard
The seven species of swans of the world are an easily and universally recognized group of waterfowl, which have historically played important roles in the folklore, myths and legends in many of the world’s cultures. Among the largest of all flying birds, they have also almost universally been used as symbols of royalty, grace and beauty, and largely for these reasons swans have only rarely been considered acceptable as targets for sport hunting. Swans occur on all the continents except Africa, although most species are associated with the temperate and arctic zones of North America and Eurasia. Among birds, swans are relatively long-lived species, and are also among the most strongly monogamous, having prolonged pair and family bonds that strongly influence their flocking and social behavior, and contribute to the overall high degree of human interest in them. This volume of 48,000 words describes their distributions, ecology, social behavior, and breeding biology. Included are nine distribution maps, 19 drawings, and 23 photographs by the author. There is a bibliography of nearly 700 references.
Paul A. Johnsgard
The eight currently recognized species of North American geese are part of a familiar group of birds collectively called waterfowl, all of which are smaller than swans and generally larger than ducks. They include the most popular of our aquatic gamebirds, with several million shot each year by sport hunters. Our two most abundant waterfowl, the Canada goose and snow goose, have populations collectively totaling about 15 million individuals. Like swans, the lifelong pairbonding of geese, their familial care, and prolonged social attachment to their offspring are legendary. Their seasonal migratory flights sometimes span thousands of miles, and the sight of their long, wavering flight formations are as much the symbols of seasonal change as are the spring songs of cardinals or the appearance of autumnal leaf colors.
This book describes each species’ geographic range and subspecies, its identification traits, weights and measurements, and criteria for its age and sex determination. Ecological and behavioral information includes each species’ breeding and wintering habitats, its foods and foraging behavior, its local and long distance movements, and its relationships with other species. Reproductive information includes each species’ age of maturity, pair-bond pattern, pair-forming behaviors, usual clutch sizes and incubation periods, brooding behavior, and postbreeding behavior. Mortality sources and rates of egg, young, and adult losses are also summarized, and each species’ past and current North American populations are estimated. In addition to a text of nearly 60,000 words, the book includes 8 maps, 21 line drawings, and 28 photographs by the author, as well as more than 700 literature citations.
Paul A. Johnsgard
The ten currently recognized species of grouse in North America have played an important role in America’s history, from the famous but ill-fated heath hen, a primary source of meat for the earliest New England immigrants, to the ruffed grouse, currently one of the most abundant and soughtafter upland game birds in more than 40 states and provinces. This book summarizes the ecology, reproductive biology, and social behavior of all ten of the extant North American grouse species. It also describes the current status of grouse populations, some of which are perilously close to extinction. The social behavior of grouse is of special biological interest because among these ten species there is a complete mating system spectrum, from seasonally monogamous pair-bonding to highly promiscuous mating patterns. The latter group illustrates the strong structural and behavioral effects of sexual selection resulting from nonmonogamous mating. These influences reach a peak in the development by some grouse species of engaging in mating “leks,” arena-like competitions performed by males while attempting to attract fertile females, and also provide opportunities for females to select optimum mating partners. These sexual competitions also promote strong differences evolving in sexual signaling behaviors (“displays”) among closely related species. Nevertheless, a relatively high incidence of mating errors and resulting hybridization often occurs in spite of these marked behavioral differences. In addition to a text of 101,000 words, the book includes 16 range maps, 37 line drawings, and 38 photographs by the author, as well as nearly 1,400 literature citations.
Paul A. Johnsgard
The 21 species of sea ducks are one of the larger subgroups (Tribe Mergini) of the waterfowl family Anatidae, and the 16 species (one historically extinct) that are native to North America represent the largest number to be found on any continent, and also the largest number of endemic sea duck species native to any continent.
Although generally not important as game birds, the sea ducks include some economically important birds such as the eiders, the basis for the Arctic eiderdown industry and a historically important food source for some Native American cultures. They also include what is probably the most northerly breeding species of all waterfowl and an icon of Arctic bird life, the long-tailed duck. The sea ducks also include species having some of the most complex and diverse pair-forming postural and acoustic displays of all waterfowl (goldeneyes and bufflehead), and some of the deepest diving species of all waterfowl (scoters and long-tailed duck). Sea ducks are highly prone to population disasters caused by oil spills and other water contaminants and, like other seabirds, are among the first bird groups that are being affected by current global warming trends in polar regions.
This book is an effort to summarize succinctly our current knowledge of sea duck biology and to provide a convenient survey of the vast technical literature on the group, with over 900 literature references. It also includes 90,000 words of text (more than 40 percent of which is new), 15 updated range maps, 11 black & white and 20 color photographs, over 30 ink drawings, and nearly 150 sketches.
Lastly, the North American sea ducks include the now extinct Labrador duck, the only northern hemisphere waterfowl species to have gone extinct in modern times. I have gratefully reprinted a Labrador duck watercolor by Sir Peter Scott. Considering recent population crashes in other sea ducks, such as the Steller’s eider and spectacled eider, it should also offer a sobering reminder of the fragility of our natural world and its inhabitants, including us.
Robert B. Kaul and David M. Sutherland
In the summer of 1891, Per Axel Rydberg and his assistant, Julius Hjalmar Flodman, collected plants in western Nebraska for the United States Department of Agriculture. They collected many first-records for Nebraska as well as some that became type specimens of Rydberg’s and other botanists’ names. In the following autumn and winter, Rydberg made a detailed, typewritten, carbon copied 35-page Report and 37-page List of specimens from that trip; one carbon copy is in the Bessey Herbarium (NEB) at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln. It is these documents that we present here, extensively annotated with our geographic clarifications, original and updated nomenclature, and citations of specimens in NEB and elsewhere.
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