The Nebraska Beef Reports contain a summary of research conducted by scientists and graduate students in the Animal Science Department. The target audience for these reports are livestock producers, extension educators, and people in agri-business. The articles are written in a format and style with our Nebraska clientele in mind that is easy to read and understand.

2008

The Effects of Supplementing Wet Distillers Grains Mixed With Wheat Straw to Growing Steers, Brandon L. Nuttelman, Terry J. Klopfenstein, William A. Griffin, and Matthew K. Luebbe

Forage Quality and Grazing Performance of Beef Cattle Grazing Brown Mid-rib Grain Sorghum Residue, Andrea K. Schwarz, Corineah M. Godsey, Matthew K. Luebbe, Galen E. Erickson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Robert B. Mitchell, and Jeffrey F. Pedersen

Pre and Peri-pubertal Feeding of Melengesterol Acetate (MGA) Alters Testis Characteristics in Bulls, Racheal G. Slattery, Shantille G. Kruse, Jeremy L. Martin, Michelle M. Baltes-Breitwisch, Debra T. Clopton, Karl V. Moline, Jeffrey W. Bergman, and Andrea S. Cupp

Price Discovery in North and West Central Nebraska Livestock Auction Markets, Matthew C. Stockton, Roger K. Wilson, and Leslie Aaron Stalker

The Cattle Price Cycle: Revisited Again, Matthew C. Stockton, Roger K. Wilson, and Leslie Aaron Stalker

Analysis of Veal Shoulder Muscles for Chemical Attributes, Gary A. Sullivan, Chris R. Calkins, D. Dwain Johnson, and Brian G. Sap

Effects of Aging on Veal Shoulder Muscles, Gary A. Sullivan, Chris R. Calkins, D. Dwain Johnson, and Brian G. Sapp

Effect of Backgrounding Gain, Grazing Length and Dry Distillers Grain Consumption on Performance and Carcass Traits of June Born Cattle, J. Alan Taylor, Leslie Aaron Stalker, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Don C. Adams, and William A. Griffin

Evaluation of Methods for Dry Matter Determination of Ethanol Byproducts, Mallorie F. Wilken, Galen E. Erickson, Joshua R. Benton, Crystal D. Buckner, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Kip Karges, and Matt Gibson

2007

Frontmatter and Contents

Nebraska 2007 Beef Cattle Report

Statistics Used in the Nebraska Beef Report and Their Purpose

Environmental Factors Affecting Water Intake in Steers Finishing in Feedlots, Rodrigo A. Arias and Terry L. Mader

Replacement of Forage with Dried Distillers Grains Reduces Ruminal Methane Production, Eric J. Behlke, Tim Sanderson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, and Jess L. Miner

Chronic Exposure of Ruminal Fluid Cultures to Treatments That Inhibit Methanogenesis, Eric J. Behlke, James M. Takacs, Stephen W. Ragsdale, Clayton McNeff, Peter Newsome, and Jess L. Miner

Effects of Roughage Source and Level with the Inclusion of Wet Distillers Grains on Finishing Cattle Performance and Economics, Joshua R. Benton, Galen E. Erickson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Kyle J. Vander Pol, and Matthew A. Greenquist

Evaluation of Excede® Given at Either Initial Processing or Revaccination on Bovine Respiratory Disease and Pasture vs. Feedlot Receiving Systems, Virgil R. Bremer, Galen E. Erickson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Kyle J. Vander Pol, Matthew A. Greenquist, David R. Smith, Dee Griffin, Gary E. Sides, and Lonty Bryant

Effect of Feeding a By-product Combination at Two Levels or By-product Alone in Feedlot Diets, Crystal D. Buckner, Galen E. Erickson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Rick A. Stock, and Kyle J. Vander Pol

Optimum Levels of Dry Distillers Grains with Solubles for Finishing Beef Steers, Crystal D. Buckner, Galen E. Erickson, Terry L. Mader, Sheryl L. Colgan, Kip K. Karges, and Matthew L. Gibson

Using a Modified In-Vitro Procedure to Measure Corn Bran Buoyancy, Crystal D. Buckner, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Galen E. Erickson, James C. MacDonald, and Joshua R. Benton

Comparing a Modified Dry By-product to Dry Distillers Grains with Solubles in Growing Calf Diets, Crystal D. Buckner, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Galen E. Erickson, Kyle J. Vander Pol, Kip K. Karges, and Matthew L. Gibson

Feeding Potassium Bicarbonate and Sodium Chloride in Finishing Diets, Sheryl Colgan and Terry L. Mader

Effect of Corn Processing and Wet Distillers Grains Inclusion Level in Finishing Diets, Mark E. Corrigan, Galen E. Erickson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Kyle J. Vander Pol, Matthew A. Greenquist, and Matthew K. Luebbe

Effect of Distillers Grains Composition and Level on Steers Consuming High-Quality Forage, Mark E. Corrigan, Galen E. Erickson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Kyle J. Vander Pol, Matthew A. Greenquist, Matthew K. Luebbe, Kip Karges, and Matt L. Gibson

Diurnal and Dietary Impacts on Purine Derivative Excretion from Spot Samples of Urine, Grant I. Crawford, Kyle Vander Pol, Jim MacDonald, Galen E. Erickson, and Terry J. Klopfenstein

Evaluating Use of Urinary Purine Derivative to Creatinine Ratio as an Estimate of Microbial Protein Production in Steers, Grant Crawford, Matthew K. Luebbe, Galen E. Erickson, and Terry J. Klopfenstein

Inhibition of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Manipulates Follicles in Beef Females, Robert A. Cushman, Debra T. Clopton, Mark F. Allan, S. E. Echternkamp, and Andrea S. Cupp

Dried Distillers Grains as Creep Feed for Yearling Beef Cattle Grazing Sandhill Range, Richard N. Funston, Don C. Adams, Matt Stockton, Roger K. Wilson, Rex Davis, and James R. Teichert

Comparison of In Vivo Digestibility to In Vitro Digestibility of Five Forages Fed to Steers, Bobbi Gene Geisert, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Don C. Adams, and Jim C. MacDonald

Dried Distillers Grains Substitute for Forage and Nitrogen on Pasture: N Dynamics and Use Efficiency, Matthew A. Greenquist, Kyle J. Vander Pol, Galen E. Erickson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Leonard Baleseng, and Walter H. Schacht

Performance Profile and Carcass Characteristics of Steers Fed Optaflexx, Matthew A. Greenquist, Kyle J. Vander Pol, Galen E. Erickson, William J. Platter, and Michael T. Van Koevering

Comparison of a Long Yearling System and Calf-fed Performance and Economics, William A. Griffin, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Galen E. Erickson, Dillon M. Feuz, and Jim C. MacDonald

Effect of Sorting and Feeding Optaflexx on Performance and Economics of Long Yearling Steers, William A. Griffin, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Galen E. Erickson, Dillon M. Feuz, Kyle J. Vander Pol, and Matthew A. Greenquist

Hyperspectral Imaging: A Non-Invasive Technique to Predict Beef Tenderness, Lauren Grimes, Govindarajan Konda Naganathan, Jeyamkondan Subbiah, and Chris R. Calkins

Effects of Aging on Beef Chuck and Round Muscles Enhanced with Ammonium Hydroxide and Salt, Adam E. Hamling and Chris R. Calkins

Enhancement of Beef Chuck and Round Muscles with Ammonium Hydroxide, Adam E. Hamling and Chris R. Calkins

Identification of Off-Flavor Compounds in Beef Round and Chuck Muscles, Jennie M. Hodgen, Susan L. Cuppett, and Chris R. Calkins

Effect of Feeding DAS-59122-7 Corn Grain and Non-transgenic Corn Grain to Finishing Feedlot Steers, Taia J. Huls, Galen E. Erickson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Matthew K. Luebbe, Kyle J. Vander Pol, David W. Rice, Brenda Smith, Mark Hinds, Fred Owens, and Matthias Leibergesell

Fatty Acids and Minerals Affect the Liver-Like Off-Flavor in Cooked Beef, Blaine E. Jenschke, Jennie M. Hodgen, and Chris R. Calkins

Summary Analysis of Grazing Yearling Response to Distillers Grains, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Lyle Lomas, Dale Blasi, Marc Epp, Don C. Adams, Walter H. Schacht, Sarah Morris, Kristin Gustad, Matt Greenquist, Jim MacDonald, and Richard N. Funston

Evaluation of Synovex Choice Versus Revalor Implant Strategies in Beef Finishing Steers, Pablo L. Loza, Galen E. Erickson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Bill Dicke, Robert J. Cooper, D. J. Jordon, J. Drouillard, and Court Campbell

Effects of Different Inclusion Levels of Wet Distiller Grains in Feedlot Diets Containing Wet Corn Gluten Feed, Pablo L. Loza, Kyle J. Vander Pol, Matthew A. Greenquist, Galen E. Erickson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, and Rick A. Stock

Changes in Gain Through the Feeding Period, Jim C. MacDonald, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Galen E. Erickson, and Kyle Vander Pol

Pen Density and Straw Bedding During Feedlot Finishing, Terry L. Mader and Sheryl L. Colgan

Utilization of Dried Distillers Grains for Developing Beef Heifers, Jeremy L. Martin, Andrea S. Cupp, Richard J. Rasby, Karl V. Moline, Jeffrey W. Bergman, Mark Dragastin, and Richard N. Funston

Effect of CRINA RUMINANTS AF, a Mixture of Essential Oil Compounds, on Finishing Beef Steer Performance, Nathan F. Meyer, Galen E. Erickson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Matthew A. Greenquist, Peter Willams, and Ricardo Losa

Effect of CRINA RUMINANTS AF, a Mixture of Essential Oil Compounds, on Ruminal Fermentation and Digestibility, Nathan F. Meyer, Galen E. Erickson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Matthew K. Luebbe, Peter Willams, and Riccardo Losa

Masking Off-Flavors in Ground Beef, Donald A. Moss and Chris R. Calkins

Off-Flavor Mitigation in Cow Steaks, Donald A. Moss and Chris R. Calkins

Effect of Phase Feeding Protein on Cattle Performance and Nitrogen Mass Balance in Open Feedlots, Stephanie A. Quinn, Galen E. Erickson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Richard R. Stowell, and Dawn M. Sherwood

Feedlot Surface Conditions and Ammonia Emissions, Dawn M. Sherwood, Galen E. Erickson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Dennis D. Schulte, and Richard R. Stowell

Progestin Concentrations Alter Follicle Characteristics and May Affect Quality of Oocytes (Eggs), Bayli J. Slepicka, Jeremy L. Martin, Robin Ten Broeck, Michelle M. Baltes, Debra T. Clopton, Zachary C. Hall, Natalie C. Hart, Shantille G. Kruse, Robyn A. Longfellow, Jocelyn R. Wiarda, Karl V. Moline, Jeffrey W. Bergman, Robert A. Cushman, Brett R. White, and Andrea S. Cupp

Ranking Beef Muscles for Warner-Bratzler Shear Force and Trained Sensory Panel Ratings, Gary A. Sullivan and Chris R. Calkins

Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Inhibitory Isoform Is Regulated Prior to Ovulation, Robin A. Ten Broeck, Debra T. Clopton, Jeremy L. Martin, Karl V. Moline, Jeffrey W. Bergman, and Andrea S. Cupp

Digestibility, Rumen Metabolism, and Site of Digestion for Finishing Diets Containing Wet Distillers Grains or Corn Oil, Kyle J. Vander Pol, Matthew K. Luebbe, Grant Crawford, Galen E. Erickson, and Terry J. Klopfenstein

2006

Frontmatter and Contents

Nebraska 2006 Beef Cattle Report

Statistics Used in the Nebraska Beef Report and Their Purpose

Bull Exposure, When Combined With a Seven-day MGA Synchronization, Does Not Enhance Conception Rates in Cows, Michelle M. Baltes, Rebecca C. Bott, Ryann McFee, Joseph S. Schulz, Candice F. Toombs, Jeffrey W. Bergman, Karl V. Moline, and Andrea S. Cupp

Inhibition of Methanogenesis in Rumen Fluid Cultures, Eric Behlke, Razvan Dumitru, Stephen Ragsdale, James Takacs, and Jess L. Miner

Digestibility of Undegradable Intake Protein of Feedstuffs, Joshua R. Benton, Jim C. MacDonald, Galen E. Erickson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, and Don C. Adams

Evaluation of a Low Protein Distillers By-product for Finishing Cattle, Virgil R. Bremer, Galen E. Erickson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Kyle J. Vander Pol, Matthew A. Greenquist, and Matthew L. Gibson

Sodium Chloride and Soybeans in Feedlot Diets, Sheryl L. Colgan and Terry L. Mader

Effect of Optaflexx Dosage and Duration of Feeding Prior to Slaughter on Feed Conversion and Carcass Characteristics, Grant I. Crawford, Galen E. Erickson, Kyle J. Vander Pol, Matthew A. Greenquist, Jeffrey Folmer, and Mike Van Koevering

Effect of MIN-AD Ruminal Buffer and Roughage Level on Ruminal Metabolism and Extent of Digestion in Steers, Grant I. Crawford, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Galen E. Erickson, Clint Krehbiel, and Greg Nunnery

Effects of Field Pea Level and Processing in Finishing Diets, Erin M. Fendrick, Ivan G. Rush, David D. Baltensperger, Dennis R. Brink, and Galen E. Erickson

Effects of Optaflexx Fed in Combination with MGA on Feedlot Heifer Performance, William A. Grififn, Galen E. Erickson, Bill Dicke, Robert J. Cooper, D. J. Jordon, William Moseley, Gary Sides, Jim S. Drouillard, and Terry J. Klopfenstein

Dried Distillers Grains Supplementation of Calves Grazing Corn Residue, Kristin H. Gustad, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Galen E. Erickson, Kyle J. Vander Pol, Jim C. MacDonald, and Matthew A. Greenquist

Influence of Corn Hybrid, Kernel Traits, and Dry Rolling or Steam Flaking on Digestibility, Flint W. Harrelson, Galen E. Erickson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Wayne A. Fithian, Patrick M. Clark, and David S. Jackson

Influence of Corn Hybrid on Kernel Traits, Flint W. Harrelson, Galen E. Erickson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Lenis A. Nelson, and David S. Jackson

The Influence of Cooking Rate and Holding Time on Beef Flavor, Jennie M. James and Chris R. Calkins

Wet Distillers Grains Plus Solubles Do Not Increase Liver-like Off-Flavors in Cooked Beef, Blaine Jenschke, Jennie James, Kyle Vander Pol, Chris R. Calkins, and Terry J. Klopfenstein

Summary of Manure Amounts, Characteristics, and Nitrogen Mass Balance for Open Feedlot Pens in Summer Compared to Winter, William F. Kissinger, Galen E. Erickson, and Terry J. Klopfenstein

Managing Phosphorus in Beef Feedlot Operations, William F. Kissinger, Galen E. Erickson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, and Richard K. Koelsch

Economics of Manure Phosphorus Distribution from Beef Feeding Operations, William F. Kissinger, Galen E. Erickson, Richard K. Koelsch, and Raymond E. Massey

Effect of Corn Hybrid and Processing Method on Site and Extent of Nutrient Digestibility Using the Mobile Bag Technique, Matthew K. Luebbe, Galen E. Erickson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, and Wayne Fithian

Influence of Corn Hybrid and Processing Method on Digestibility and Ruminal Fermentation, Matthew K. Luebbe, Galen E. Erickson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, and Wayne Fithian

Effect of Fat and Undegradable Intake Protein in Dried Distillers Grains on Performance of Cattle Grazing Smooth Bromegrass Pastures, Jim C. MacDonald, Galen E. Erickson, and Terry J. Klopfenstein

Growth Promoting Agents and Season Effects on Blood Metabolite and Body Temperature Measures, Terry L. Mader and Wanda Kreikemeier

Effects of Supplementing Beef Cows with Lipid from Whole Corn Germ, Jeremy Martin, Richard J. Rasby, Dennis R. Brink, Ron Lindquist, Duane Keisler, Stephen D. Kachman, and Mark Dragastin

Effects of Dam Nutrition on Growth and Reproductive Performance of Heifer Calves, Jeremy Martin, Kim Vonnahme, Greg Lardy, Don C. Adams, and Richard N. Funston

Flavor Relationships Among Muscles of the Beef Chuck and Round, Jessica Meisinger and Chris R. Calkins

Effects of Supplementing Dried Distillers Grains to Steers Grazing Summer Sandhill Range, Sarah Morris, Jim MacDonald, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Don C. Adams, Rex Davis, and James R. Teichert

Alternative Enhancement Strategies for Beef Muscles, Donald A. Moss and Chris R. Calkins

Large-scale Clinical Trial to Evaluate an Experimental Escherichia coli Vaccine, Robert E. Peterson, David R. Smith, Rodney A. Moxley, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Susan Hinkley, and Galen E. Erickson

Vaccination for Escherichia coli O157:H7 in Market Ready Feedlot Cattle, Robert Peterson, David R. Smith, Rodney A. Moxley, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Galen E. Erickson, and Susan Hinkley

Nitrogen Mass Balance and Cattle Performance of Steers Fed Clinoptilolite Zeolite Clay, Dawn M. Sherwood, Galen E. Erickson, and Terry J. Klopfenstein

Factors Affecting Nitrogen Losses as Measured Using Forced-Air Wind Tunnels and Nitrogen Mass Balance, Dawn M. Sherwood, Galen E. Erickson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Dennis D. Schulte, and Richard R. Stowell

Valuing Feedyard Management Education, Experience, and Expertise, Rik R. Smith and Darrell R. Mark

Livestock Risk Protection Insurance vs. Futures Hedging: Basis Risk Implications, Rik R. Smith, Darrell R. Mark, and Allen L. Prosch

Effects of Supplementing Lactating, June-calving Cows on Second-calf Pregnancy Rates, Aaron Stalker, Kelly Creighton, Jacqueline A. Musgrave, Don C. Adams, and Terry J. Klopfenstein

Effects of Pre- and Postpartum Nutrition on Reproduction in Spring Calving Cows and Calf Feedlot Performance, Leslie Aaron Stalker, Don C. Adams, Richard N. Funston, and Terry J. Klopfenstein

A System for Wintering Beef Heifers Using Dried Distillers Grains, Leslie Aaron Stalker, Don C. Adams, and Terry J. Klopfenstein

Influence of Dried Distillers Grains Supplementation Frequency on Forage Digestibility and Growth Performance, Leslie Aaron Stalker, Don C. Adams, and Terry J. Klopfenstein

Feeding Melengestrol Acetate to Bulls Prior to and at Puberty Alters Body Weight, and Hormone Concentration, April Tefler, Ryann McFee, Rebecca C. Bott, Joseph Schulz, Debra T. Clopton, Jeffrey W. Bergman, Karl V. Moline, Kathryn J. Hanford, and Andrea S. Cupp

Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor mRNA Isoforms 120 and 164 are Differentially Regulated Prior to Ovulation, Robin A. Ten Broeck, Debra T. Clopton, Jeremy L. Martin, Rebecca C. Bott, Karl V. Moline, Jeffrey W. Bergman, and Andrea S. Cupp

Effect of Corn Processing in Finishing Diets Containing Wet Distillers Grains on Feedlot Performance and Carcass Characteristics of Finishing Steers, Kyle J. Vander Pol, Galen E. Erickson, Matthew A. Greenquist, Terry J. Klopfenstein, and Thomas Robb

Effect of Dietary Inclusion of Wet Distillers Grains on Feedlot Performance of Finishing Cattle and Energy Value Relative to Corn, Kyle J. Vander Pol, Galen E. Erickson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Matthew A. Greenquist, and Thomas Robb

Economic Optimum Use of Wet Distillers Grains in Feedlots, Kyle J. Vander Pol, Galen E. Erickson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, and Darrell R. Mark

2005

Back Cover: 2005 Beef Cattle Report