The mission of USDA APHIS Wildlife Services (WS) is to provide federal leadership and expertise to resolve wildlife conflicts to allow people and wildlife to coexist. Wildlife Services conducts program delivery, research, and other activities through its regional and state offices, the National Wildlife Research Center (NWRC), its field stations, as well as through its national programs.


Assessing the Efficiency of Local Rabies Vaccination Strategies for Raccoons (Procyon lotor) in an Urban Setting, Guillaume Bastille-Rousseau, Nicole T. Gorman, Katherine M. McClure, Larissa Nituch, Tore Buchanan, Richard B. Chipman, Amy T. Gilbert, and Kim M. Pepin

Oral Rabies Vaccination of Raccoons (Procyon lotor) across a Development Intensity Gradient in Burlington, Vermont, USA, 2015–2017, Emily M. Beasley, Kathleen M. Nelson, Dennis Slate, Amy T. Gilbert, Frederick E. Pogmore, Richard B. Chipman, and Amy J. Davis

African Swine Fever at the Wildlife-Livestock Interface: Challenges for Management and Outbreak Response within Invasive Wild Pigs in the United States, Vienna R. Brown; Ryan S. Miller; Kim M. Pepin; Keith M. Carlisle; Merril A, Cook; Cole F. Vanicek; Lindsey K. Holmstrom; Lisa T. Rochette; and Timothy J. Smyser

Distribution and Prevalence of Antibodies to Trichinella spp. and Toxoplasma gondii in wild pigs (Sus scrofa) in the United States, Christopher A. Cleveland, Ellen Haynes, Katherine C. Callaghan, Alinde Fojtik, Sarah Coker, Emily Doub, Vienna R. Brown, Ania A. Majewska, and Michael J. Yabsley

Evaluation of Contingency Actions to Control the Spread of Raccoon Rabies in Ohio and Virginia, Amy J. Davis, Richard B. Chipman, Kathleen M. Nelson, Betsy S. Haley, Jordana D. Kirby, Xiaoyue Ma, Ryan M. Wallace, and Amy. T. Gilbert

Applications of Chemical Bird Repellents for Crop and Resource Protection: A Review and Synthesis, Shelagh T. DeLiberto and Scott J. Werner

Site-specific Space Use and Resource Selection by Black Vultures (Coragyps atratus) in the Southeastern USA, Betsy Evans, John S. Humphrey, Eric A. Tillman, Michael L. Avery, and Bryan M. Kluever

Expanding CWD Disease Surveillance Options Using Environmental Contamination at Deer Signposts, Miranda H. J. Huang, Steve Demarais, Alejandro Banda, Bronson K. Strickland, Anna Grace Welch, Scoty Hearst, Stuart Lichtenberg, Allan Houston, and Kim M. Pepin

Comparison of Ketamine-Xylazine, Butorphanol-Azaperone-Medetomidine, and Nalbuphine-Medetomidine-Azaperone for Raccoon (Procyon lotor) Immobilization, Shylo R. Johnson, Christine K. Ellis, Chad Wickham, Molly R. Selleck, and Amy T. Gilbert

Comprehensive Economic Impacts of Wild Pigs on Producers of Six Crops in the South-Eastern US and California, Sophie C. McKee, John J. Mayer, and Stephanie A. Shwiff

Biodistribution Analysis of Peptide-Coated Magnetic Iron Nanoparticles: A Simple and Quantitative Method, Pavithra Natarajan, Katherine Horak, Jennifer Rowe, Sungmin Yoon, Joshua Lingo, John M. Tomich, and Sherry D. Fleming

Wildlife Vaccination Strategies for Eliminating Bovine Tuberculosis in White-tailed Deer Populations, Aakash Pandey, Abigail B. Feuka, Melinda Cosgrove, Megan Moriarty, Anthony Duffiney, Kurt C. VerCauteren, Henry Campa III, and Kim M. Pepin

Characterization of Recent Wild Pig‑Vehicle Collisions in Georgia, USA, Jeremiah L. Psiropoulos, Emily Howe, John J. Mayer, and Sophie C. McKee

Treatment with the Immunocontraceptive Vaccine, GonaCon, Induces Temporary Fertility Control in Free-ranging Prairie Dog Populations in Colorado, USA, Aaron B. Shiels, Jackson Runte, Emily W. Ruell, Douglas C. Eckery, Gary W. Witmer, and Daniel J. Salkeld

Limitations of Invasive Snake Control Tools in the Context of a New Invasion on an Island with Abundant Prey, Shane R. Siers, Melia G. Nafus, Jereid E. Calaor, Rachel M. Volsteadt, Matthew S. Grassi, Megan Volsteadt, Aaron F. Collins, Patrick D. Barnhart, Logan T. Huse, Amy A. Yackel Adams, and Diane L. Vice

Seasonal Efficacy and Risks from a Sodium Nitrite Toxic Bait for Wild Pigs, Nathan P. Snow, Michael P. Glow, Justin A. Foster, and Kurt C. VanCauteren

Overview of Global Wildlife–Livestock Interfaces: The Array of Conflicts and Strategies to Mitigate Them, Kurt C. VerCauteren and Stewart Breck

Seroprevalence, Blood Chemistry, and Patterns of Canine Parvovirus, Distemper Virus, Plague, and Tularemia in Free-ranging Coyotes (Canis latrans) in Northern New Mexico, USA, Leah M. White, Suzanne J. Gifford, Gail Kaufman, Eric M. Gese, Mark A. Peyton, Robert R. Parmenter, and James W. Cain III

Recent Beak Evolution in North American Starlings after Invasion, Julia M. Zichello, Shelagh T. DeLiberto, Paul Shrewsbury, Agnieszka A. Pierwola, and Scott J. Werner


The impact of the COVID‑19 pandemic on wildlife–aircraft collisions at US airports, Levi Altringer, Sophie C. McKee, Jason D. Kougher, Michael J. Begier, and Stephanie A. Shwiff

Evaluation of Roost Culling as a Management Strategy for Reducing Invasive Rose‑Ringed Parakeet (Psittacula krameri) Populations, C. Janes Anderson, Leonard A. Brennan, William P. Bukoski, Steven C. Hess, Clayton D. Hilton, Aaron B. Shiels, Shane Siers, Bryan M. Kluever, and Page E. Klug

A novel parakeet‐selective feeder for control of invasive psittacines, C. Jane Anderson, Eric A. Tillman, William P. Bukoski, Steven C. Hess, Leonard A. Brennan, and Page E. Klug

Development and Evaluation of Prototype Toxicant-Delivery Bait Stations for the Control of the Small Indian Mongoose, Carmen C. Antaky, Robert T. Sugihara, Israel L. Leinbach, Shane R. Siers, Emily W. Ruell, and Steven C. Hess

Fertility control options for management of free-roaming horse populations, Ursula S. Bechert, John W. Turner Jr., Dan L. Baker, Douglas C. Eckery, Jason E. Bruemmer, Candace C. Lyman, Tulio M. Prado, Sarah B. King, and Mark A. Fraker

Rabies Virus Serosurvey of the Small Indian Mongoose (Urva auropunctata) across Multiple Habitats in Puerto Rico, 2014–21, Are R. Berentsen, Mel J. Rivera-Rodriguez, Fabiola B. Torres-Toledo, Amy J. Davis, Richard Chipman, and Amy Gilbert

Population Density of the Small Indian Mongoose (Urva auropunctata) across Multiple Habitat Types and Seasons in Puerto Rico, Are R. Berentsen, Caroline C. Sauvé, Mel J. Rivera-Rodriguez, Fabiola B. Torres-Toledo, Richard B. Chipman, and Amy T. Gilbert

Raccoons (Procyon lotor) Show Higher Trypanosoma cruzi Detection Rates than Virginia Opossums (Didelphis virginiana) in South Carolina, USA, David A. Bernasconi, Madison L. Miller, Jacob E. Hill, Pooja Gupta, Richard Chipman, Amy Gilbert, Olin E. Rhodes Jr., and Guha Dharmarajan

H7N9 influenza A virus transmission in a multispecies barnyard model, Angela M. Bosco-Lauth, Anna Rodriguez, Rachel M. Maison, Stephanie M. Porter, and J. Jeffrey Root

Evaluation of the Effect of Hydrated Lime on the Scavenging of Feral Swine (Sus Scrofa) Carcasses and Implications for Managing Carcass-Based Transmission of African Swine Fever Virus, Courtney F. Bowden, James Grinolds, Gregory Franckowiak, Loma McCallister, Joe M. Halseth, Matthew Cleland, Travis Guerrant, Michael J. Bodenchuk, Robert Miknis, Michael C. Marlow, and Vienna R. Brown

Genomic Regions Associated with Pseudorabies Virus Infection Status in Naturally Infected Feral Swine (Sus scrofa), Courtney F. Bowden, Jennifer N. Kiser, Ryan S. Miller, Alexandra C. Buckley, Paola M. Boggiatto, Rachael M. Giglio, Vienna R. Brown, Dorian Garrick, Holly L. Neibergs, Antoinette J. Piaggio, Scott E. Speidel, and Timothy J. Smyser

Factors affecting the recovery of Mexican wolves in the Southwest United States, Stewart W. Breck, Amy J. Davis, John Oakleaf, David L. Bergman, Jim deVos, J. Paul Greer, and Kim M. Pepin

Integrating robotics into wildlife conservation: testing improvements to predator deterrents through movement, Stewart W. Breck, Jeffrey T. Schultz, David Prause, Cameron Krebs, Anthony J. Giordano, and Byron Boots

African Swine Fever, Vienna R. Brown, Julianna B. Lenoch, and Courtney F. Bowden

Disease Progression and Serological Assay Performance in Heritage Breed Pigs following Brucella suis Experimental Challenge as a Model for Naturally Infected Feral Swine, Vienna R. Brown, Ryan S. Miller, Courtney F. Bowden, Timothy J. Smyser, Nicholas A. Ledesma, Aim E. Hartwig, Paul Gordy, Aaron M. Anderson, Stephanie M. Porter, Kate Alexander, Zane Gouker, Tom Gidlewski, Richard A. Bowen, and Angela M. Bosco-Lauth

Long term changes in aquaculture influence migration, regional abundance, and distribution of an avian species, Paul C. Burr, Brian S. Dorr, Jimmy L. Avery, Garrett M. Street, and Bronson K. Strickland

DNA Metabarcoding Reveals Consumption of Diverse Community of Amphibians by Invasive Wild Pigs (Sus scrofa) in the Southeastern United States, Vienna R. Canright, Antoniette J. Piaggio, Sarah M. Chinn, Rachael M. Giglio, Joseph M. Craine, and James C. Beasley

Producers’ perceptions of large carnivores and nonlethal methods to protect livestock from depredation: findings from a multistate federal initiative, Keith M. Carlisle, Hailey E. Ellis, Colorado State University, and Alan D. Bright

Effects of corn supplementation on serum and muscle microRNA profiles in horses, Clarissa Carver, Jason E. Bruemmer, Stephen Coleman, Gabriele Landolt, and Tanja Hess

Variance in offspring sex ratio and maternal allocation in a highly invasive mammal, Sarah M. Chinn, Timothy J. Smyser, and James C. Beasley

Optimal R&D investment in the management of invasive species, William Haden Chomphosy, Dale T. Manning, Stephanie A. Shwiff, and Stephan Weiler

Commonly collected thermal performance data can inform species distributions in a data‑limited invader, Natalie M. Claunch, Colin M. Goodman, Bryan M. Kluever, Narayani Barve, Robert P. Guralnick, and Christina M. Romagosa

Role of social structure in establishment of an invasive large mammal after translocation, Lindsay M. Clontz, Anni Yang, Sarah M. Chinn, Kim M. Pepin, Kurt C. Vercauterten, George Wittemyer, Ryan S. Miller, and James C. Beasley

Leveraging eco-evolutionary models for gene drive risk assessment, Matthew A. Combs, Andrew J. Golnar, Justin M. Overcash, Alun L. Lloyd, Keith R. Hayes, David A. O'Brochta, and Kim M. Pepin

The Effectiveness of Commercially Available Double-Crested Cormorant (Nannopterum auritus) Deterrent Methods in Reducing Loafing Time on Floating Oyster Cages, Fred L. Cunningham, Paul Burr, Jason Glover, Jason Tappa, Madeline Redd, and Guiming Wang

Distribution of Baylisascaris procyonis in Raccoons (Procyon lotor) in Florida, USA, Mark W. Cunningham, Daniel P. Wolf, Katherine A. Sayler, Michael Milleson, Brittany Bankovich, Paul Schueller, Betsy S. Haley, Savannah Stura, and Michael J. Yabsley

Raccoon rabies control and elimination in the northeastern USA and southern Québec, Canada, Amy J. Davis, Marianne Gagnier, Ariane Massé, Kathleen M. Nelson, Jordona D. Kirby, Ryan Wallace, Xiaoyue Ma, Christine Fehlner-Gardiner, Richard B. Chipman, and Amy Gilbert

Writing statistical methods for ecologists, Amy J. Davis and Shannon Kay

Evaluation of Oral Baits and Distribution Methods for Tasmanian Devils (Sarcophilus harrisii), Sean Dempsey, Ruth J. Pyer, Amy Gilbert, Nicholas M. Fountain-Jones, Jennifer M. Moffat, Sarah Benson-Amram, Timothy J. Smyser, and Andrew S. Flies

Predicting Dispersal and Conflict Risk for Wolf Recolonization in Colorado, Mark A. Ditmer, George Wittemyer, Katherine A. Zeller, Stewart W. Breck, Robert J. Fletcher Jr., and Kevin R. Crooks

Interspecific oral rabies vaccine bait competition in the Southeast United States, Wesley C. Dixon, Jacob E. Hill, Richard Chipman, Amy J. Davis, Amy Gilbert, James C. Beasley, Olin E. Rhodes Jr., and Guha Dharmarajan

Estimating Northern Spotted Owl (Strix occidentalis caurina) Pair Detection Probabilities Based on Call-Back Surveys Associated with Long-Term Mark-Recapture Studies, 1993–2018, Katie M. Dugger, Alan B. Franklin, Damon B. Lesmeister, Raymond J. Davis, J. David Wiens, Gary C. White, James D. Nichols, James E. Hines, Charles B. Yackulic, Carl J. Schwarz, Steven A. Ackers, L. Steven Andrews, Larissa L. Bailey, Robin Bown, Jesse Burgher, Kenneth P. Burnham, Peter C. Carlson, Tara Chestnut, Mary M. Conner, Krista E. Dilione, Eric D. Forsman, Scott A. Gremel, Keith A. Hamm, Dale R. Herter, J. Mark Higley, Rob B. Horn, Julianna M. Jenkins, William L. Kendall, David W. Lapmphear, Christopher McCafferty, Trent L. McDonald, Janice A. Reid, Jeremy T. Rockweit, David C. Simon, Stan G. Sovern, James K. Swingle, and Heather Wise

Dispersal of blackbird flocks from sunflower fields: efficacy influenced by flock and field size but not drone platform, Conor C. Egan, Bradley Blackwell, Esteban Fernández‐Juricic, and Page Klug

Social network analysis of white-tailed deer scraping behavior: Implications for disease transmission, Michael E. Egan, Kim M. Pepin, Justin Fischer, Scott R. Hygnstrom, Kurt C. VerCauteren, and Guillaume Bastille-Rousseau

A social network analysis of actors involved in wild pig (Sus scrofa) management in Missouri, Hailey E. Ellis, Meredith J. Grady, Lauren Jaebker, Alan D. Bright, and Keith M. Carlisle

Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in free-ranging white-tailed deer in the United States, Aijing Feng, Sarah Bevins, Jeff Chandler, Thomas J. DeLiberto, Ria Ghai, Kristina Lantz, Julianna Lenoch, Adam Retchless, Susan A. Shriner, Cynthia Y. Tang, Suxiang Sue Tong, Mia Torchetti, Anna Uehara, and Xiu-Feng Wan

Predator telemetry informs temporal and spatial overlap with stocked salmonids in Lake Huron, David G. Fielder, Todd A. Hayden, Thomas R. Binder, Brian S. Dorr, and Heidi A. Currier

Alternatives to corn for baiting wild pigs, Justin A. Foster, Lee H. Williamson, John C. Kinsey, Ryan L. Reitz, Kurt C. VerCauteren, and Nathan P. Snow

An ode to owls: Review of What an Owl Knows: The New Science of the World’s Most Enigmatic Birds by Jennifer Ackerman, Alan B. Franklin

Movements and resource selection of wild pigs associated with growth stages of corn, Bethany A. Friesenhahn, Randall W. DeYoung, Michael J. Cherry, Humberto L. perotto-Baldivieso, Kurt C. VerCauteren, and Nathan P. Snow

Using drones to detect and quantify wild pig damage and yield loss in corn fields throughout plant growth stages, Bethany A. Friesenhahn, Lori D. Massey, Randy W. DeYoung, Michael J. Cherry, Justin W. Fischer, Nathan P. Snow, Kurt C. Vercauteren, and Humberto L. Perotto‐Baldivieso

Changes in Fecal Glucocorticoid Metabolites in Captive Coyotes (Canis latrans): Influence of Gender, Time, and Reproductive Status, Eric M. Gese, Patricia A. Terletzky, Cole A. Bleke, Erika T. Stevenson, and Susannah S. French

Determination of residue levels of rodenticide in rodent livers offered novel diphacinone baits by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, David A. Goldade, Shane Siers, Steven C. Hess, Robert T. Sugihara, and Craig A. Riekena

Investigation of risk factors for introduction of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 virus onto table egg farms in the United States, 2022: a case–control study, Alice L. Green, Matthew Branan, Victoria L. Fields, Kelly Patyk, Stephanie K. Kolar, Andrea Beam, Katherine Marshall, Rachel McGuigan, Matthew Vuolo, Alexis Freifeld, Mia Kim Torchetti, Kristina Lantz, and Amy H. Delgado

Burmese pythons in Florida: A synthesis of biology, impacts, and management tools, Jacquelyn C. Guzy, Bryan G. Falk, Brian J. Smith, Johnd David Willson, Robert N. Reed, Nicholas G. Aumen, Michael L. Avery, Ian A. Bartoszek, Earl Campbell, Michael S. Cherkiss, Natalie M. Claunch, Andrea F. Currylow, Tylan Dean, Jeremy Dixon, Richard Engeman, Sarah Funck, Rebekah Gibble, Kodiak C. Hengstebeck, John S. Humphrey, Margaret E. Hunter, Jillian M. Josimovich, Jennifer Ketterlin, Michael Kirkland, Frank J. Mazzotti, Robert McCleery, Melissa A. Miller, Matthew McCollister, M. Rockwell Parker, Shannon E. Pittman, Michael Rochford, Christina Romagosa, Art Roybal, Ray W. Snow, McKayla M. Spencer, J. Hardin Waddle, Any A. Yackel Adams, and Kristen M. Hart

Differential Canid Predation of Translocated Juvenile Desert Tortoises (Gopherus agassizii) Using Chemical Signature Differences, Derek B. Hall, Bruce A. Kimball, Jennifer M. Germano, Eric M. Gese, and Jeanette A. Perry

Assessment of habitat‐specific competition for oral rabies vaccine baits between raccoons and opossums, James L. Helton, Jacob E. Hill, David A. Bernasconi, Wesley C. Dixon, Richard B. Chipman, Amy Gilbert, James C. Beasley, Guha Dharmarajan, and Olin E. Rhodes Jr.

Differences in Feeder Visitation by Invasive Rose-Ringed Parakeets (Psittacula krameri) Between Hawaiian Islands, Steven C. Hess, Jane Anderson, Eric A. Tillman, William P. Bukoski, Aaron B. Shiels, Page Klug, Shane R. Siers, and Bryan M. Kluever

Spatial ecology of translocated raccoons, Jacob E. Hill, James L. Helton, Richard B. Chipman, Amy Gilbert, James C. Beasley, Guha Dharmarajan, and Olin E. Rhodes

Urbanization influences spatiotemporal patterns of roost site selection by black vultures and turkey vultures, Jacob E. Hill, Kenneth F. Kellner, Amanda E. Holland, Bryan M. Kluever, Morgan B. Pfeiffer, Travis L. DeVault, and Jerrold L. Belant

Raccoon Spatial Ecology in the Rural Southeastern United States, Jacob E. Hill, Madison L. Miller, James L. Helton, Richard B. Chipman, Amy Gilbert, University of Georgia, Guha Dharmarajan, and Olin E. Rhodes Jr.

Willingness to pay for reintroducing wolves in a divided voting base, Dana LK Hoag, Jesse Burkhardt, Benjamin Ghasemi, Stewart W. Breck, Rebecca Niemiec, and Kevin Crooks

Demographic and functional responses of kit foxes to changes in prey abundance, Ashley E. Hodge, Eric M. Gese, and Bryan M. Kluever

Biodiversity indices and Random Forests reveal the potential for striped skunk (Mephitis mephitis) fecal microbial communities to function as a biomarker for oral rabies vaccination, Matthew W. Hopken, Darby Gilfillan, Amy Gilbert, Antoinette J. Piaggio, Mikaela Samsel Hilton, James Pierce, Bruce Kimball, and Zaid Abdo

Are Rabid Raccoons (Procyon lotor) Ready for the Rapture? Determining the Geographic Origin of Rabies Virus-Infected Raccoons Using RADcapture and Microhaplotypes, Matthew W. Hopken, Antoinette J. Piaggio, Zaid Abdo, Richard B. Chipman, Clara P. Mankowski, Kathleen M. Nelson, Mikaela Samsel Hilton, Christine Thurber, Mirian T. N. Tsuchiya, Jesús E. Maldonado, and Amy T. Gilbert

Tourism‑supported working lands sustain a growing jaguar population in the Colombian Llanos, Matthew Hyde, Esteban Payán, Jorge Barragan, Diana Stasiukynas, Sanmantha Rincón, William L. Kendall, Jerónimo Rodríguez, Kevin R. Crooks, Stewart W. Breck, and Valerie Boron

An Evaluation of Avian Influenza Virus Whole-Genome Sequencing Approaches Using Nanopore Technology, Hon S. Ip, Sarah Uhm, Mary Lea Killian, and Mia K. Torchetti

Texas hunters' attitudes toward wild pigs (Sus scrofa) and their management: an applied approach for wildlife managers, Lauren M. Jaebker, Alan D. Bright, Hailey E. Ellis, John M. Tomeček, Maureen G. Frank, Rachel L. Connally, Stephanie A. Shwiff, and Keith M. Carlisle

Controllable factors affecting accuracy and precision of human identification of animals from drone imagery, Landon R. Jones, Jared A. Elmore, B. Santhana Krishnan, Sathishkumar Samiappan, Kristine O. Evans, Morgan B. Pfeiffer, Brad Blackwell, and Raymond Iglay

Rapid evolution of A(H5N1) influenza viruses after intercontinental spread to North America, Ahmed Kandeil, Christopher Patton, Jeremy C. Jones, Trushar Jeevan, Walter N. Harrington, Sanja Trifkovic, Jon P. Seiler, Thomas Fabrizio, Karlie Woodard, Jasmine C. Turner, Jeri Carol Crumpton, Lance Miller, Adam Rubrum, Jennifer DeBeauchamp, Charles J. Russell, Elena A. Govorkova, Peter Vogel, Mia Kim-Torchetti, Yohannes Berhane, David Stallknecht, Rebecca Poulson, Lisa Kercher, and Richard J. Webby

High winds and melting sea ice trigger landward movement in a polar bear population of concern, Annie Kellner, Todd C. Atwood, David C. Douglas, Stewart W. Breck, and Colorado State University - Fort Collins

Comparison of an Antioxidant Source and Antioxidant Plus BCAA on Athletic Performance and Post Exercise Recovery of Horses, Emily Kent, Stephen J. Coloman, Jason E. Bruemmer, Renan Regatieri Casagrande, Christine Levihn, Grace Romo, Kevin Herkelman, and Tanja Hess

Genomic analyses of gray fox lineages suggest ancient divergence and secondary contact in the southern Great Plains, Elizabeth M. Kierepka, Sophie Preckler-Quisquater, Dawn M. reding, Antoinette Piaggio, Seth P.D. Riley, and Benjamin N. Sacks

Assessment of Spilled Toxic Bait by Wild Pigs and Potential Risk to Non-Target Species, John C. Kinsey, Justin A. Foster, Nathan P. Snow, Jason D. Wishart, Linton D. Staples, Janis K. Bush, and Kurt V. VerCauteren

Fusion of visible and thermal images improves automated detection and classification of animals for drone surveys, B. Santhana Krishnan, Landon R. Jones, Jared A. Elmore, Sathishkumar Samiappan, Kristine O. Evans, Morgan Pfeiffer, Bradley Blackwell, and Raymond Iglay

Defining County-Level Terrestrial Rabies Freedom Using the US National Rabies Surveillance System: Surveillance Data Analysis, Amber Kunkel, Gabriella Veytsel, Sarah C. Bonaparte, Haillie Meek, Xiaoyue Ma, Amy J. Davis, Jesse Bonwitt, and Ryan M. Wallace

Behavior of Wild Pigs toward Conspecific Carcasses: Implications for Disease Transmission in a Hot, Semiarid Climate, Samantha Leivers, Tyler Campbell, Michael J. Bodenchuk, and John Tomeĉek

The influence of income and loss on hunters' attitudes towards wild pigs and their management, Samantha Leivers, Keith M. Carlisle, Rachel L. Connally, Maureen G. Frank, and John M. Tomeček

Light Wavelength and Pulsing Frequency Affect Avoidance Responses of Canada Geese, Ryan B. Lunn, Patrice E. Baumhardt, Bradley F. Blackwell, Jean Paul Freyssinier, and Esteban Fernández-Juricic

Feral Swine as Indirect Indicators of Environmental Anthrax Contamination and Potential Mechanical Vectors of Infectious Spores, Rachel M. Maison, Maggie R. Priore, Vienna R. Brown, Michael Bodenchuk, Bradley R. Borlee, Richard Bowen, and Angela M. Bosco-Lauth

Validation of a nutria (Myocastor coypus) environmental DNA assay highlights considerations for sampling methodology, Anna M. Mangan, John A. Kronenberger, and Ian H. Plummer

Invasive frogs show persistent physiological differences to elevation and acclimate to colder temperatures, Jack R. Marchetti, Karen H. Beard, Emily E. Virgin, Erin L. Lewis, Steven C. Hess, Kwanho C. Ki, Layne O. Sermersheim, Adriana P. Furtado, and Susannah S. French

Spatially structured brown-headed cowbird control measures and their effects on Kirtland’s warbler long-term population sustainability, Eric A. Margenau, Nathan W. Cooper, Donald J. Brown, Deahn M. Donner, Peter P. Marra, and Pat Ryan

Accelerated evolution of SARS-CoV-2 in free-ranging white-tailed deer, Dillon S. McBride, Sofya K. Garushyants, John Franks, Andrew F. Magee, Steven H. Overend, Devra Huey, Amanda M. Williams, Seth A. Faith, Ahmed Kandeil, Sanja Trifkovic, Lance Miller, Trushar Jeevan, Anami Patel, Jacqueline M. Nolting, Michael J. Tonkovich, J. Tyler Genders, Andrew J. Montoney, Kevin Kasnyik, Timothy J. Linder, Sarah N. Bevins, Julianna B. Lenoch, Jeffrey C. Chandler, Thomas J. DeLiberto, Eugene V. Koonin, Marc A. Suchard, Philippe Lemey, Richard J. Webby, Martha I. Nelson, and Andrew S. Bowman

Type and Frequency of Wild Pig-Domestic Livestock Contacts and Operator Concern for Disease Spread, Sophie C. McKee, Daniel F. Mooney, and Ryan S. Miller

Space Use and Movements of Southeastern Breeding Double-Crested Cormorants (Nannopterum auritum) in the United States, Leah L.K. Moran, Brian S. Dorr, Katie C. Hanson-Dorr, R. J. Moore, and Scott A. Rush

Antiviral susceptibility of clade highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5N1) viruses isolated from birds and mammals in the United States, 2022, Ha T. Nguyen, Anton Chesnokov, Juan De La Cruz, Philippe Noriel Q. Pascua, Vasiliy P. Mishin, Yunho Jang, Joyce Jones, Han Di, Andrei A. Ivashchenko, Mary Lea Killian, Mia K. Torchetti, Kristina Lantz, David E. Wentworth, Charles T. Davis, Alexandre V. Ivachtchenko, and Larisa V. Gubareva

The devil you know and the devil you don’t: current status and challenges of bovine tuberculosis eradication in the United States, Daniel J. O'Brien, Tyler C. Thacker, Liliana C.M. Salvador, Anthony G. Duffiney, Suelee Robbe‑Austerman, Mark S. Camacho, Jason E. Lombard, and Mitchell V. Palmer

Limited Accumulation and Persistence of an Influenza A Virus in Tadpole Snails (Physa spp.), Paul T. Oesterle, J. Jeffrey Root, Darcy S.O. Mora, Heather Schneider, Alan B. Franklin, and Kathryn P. Huyvaert

Pathogenicity in Chickens and Turkeys of a 2021 United States H5N1 Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Clade Wild Bird Virus Compared to Two Previous H5N8 Clade Viruses, Mary J. Pantin-Jackwood, Erica Spackman, Christina Leyson, Sungsu Youk, Scott A. Lee, Linda M. Moon, Mia K. Torchetti, Mary L. Killian, Julianna B. Lenoch, Darrell R. Kapczynski, David E. Swayne, and David L. Suarez

Skin Lipids Alone Enable Conspecific Tracking in an Invasive Reptile, the Argentine Black and White Tegu Lizard (Salvator merianae), M. Rockwell Parker, Eric A. Tillman, Lauren A. Nazarian, Megan L. Barlowe, Julianna M. Lincoln, and Bryan M. Kluever