The mission of USDA APHIS Wildlife Services (WS) is to provide Federal leadership and expertise to resolve wildlife conflicts to allow people and wildlife to coexist. WS conducts program delivery, research, and other activities through its Regional and State Offices, the National Wildlife Research Center (NWRC) and its Field Stations, as well as through its National Programs.

This site contains publications of WS or its staff. Material prepared by employees of the US Government in the course of their official duties cannot be copyrighted.


Evidence for continental-scale dispersal of antimicrobial resistant bacteria by landfill-foraging gulls, Christina A. Ahlstrom, Mariëlle L. van Toor, Hanna Woksepp, Jeffrey C. Chandler, John A. Reed, Andrew B. Reeves, Jonas Waldenström, Alan B. Franklin, David C. Douglas, Jonas Bonnedahl, and Andrew M. Ramey

Estimating wildlife strike costs at US airports: A machine learning approach, Levi Altringer, Jordan Navin, Michael J. Begier, Stephanie A. Shwiff, and Aaron M. Anderson

Toxoplasma gondii prevalence in carnivorous wild birds in the eastern United States, Sawsan Ammar, Liberty Wood, Chunlei Su, Maria Spriggs, Justin Brown, Kyle Van Why, and Richard Gerhold

Spatial transferability of expert opinion models for American beaver habitat, Isidro Barela, Leslie M. Burger, Guiming Wang, Kristine O. Evans, Qingmin Meng, and Jimmy D. Taylor

Multi-level movement response of invasive wild pigs (Sus scrofa) to removal, Guillaume Bastille-Rousseau, Peter E. Schlichting, David A. Keiter, Joshua B. Smith, John C. Kilgo, George Wittemyer, Kurt C. Vercauteren, James C. Beasley, and Kim M. Pepin

Effects of translocation on survival of nuisance bears, Javan Bauder, D. Ruid, N. M. Roberts, B. Kohn, and M. L. Allen

Evaluation of a warfarin bait for controlling invasive wild pigs (Sus scrofa), James C. Beasley, Lindsay M. Clontz, Allison Rakowski, Nathan P. Snow, and Kurt C. Vercauteren

Production of embryos and a live offspring using post mortem reproductive material from bison (Bison bison bison) originating in Yellowstone National Park, USA, Hayley M. Benham, Matthew P. McCollum, Pauline Nol, Rebecca K. Frey, P. Ryan Clarke, Jack C. Rhyan, and Jennifer P. Barfield

Oral Rabies Vaccination of Small Indian Mongooses (Urva auropunctata) with ONRAB via Ultralite Baits, Are R. Berentsen, Israel Leinbach, Mel J. Rivera-Rodriguez, and Amy T. Gilbert

Plague Exposure in Mammalian Wildlife across the Western United States, Sarah N. Bevins, Jeffrey C. Chandler, Nicole Barrett, Brandon S. Schmit, Gerald W. Wiscomb, and Susan A. Shriner

European Starling Nest‐site Selection Given Enhanced Direct Nest Predation Risk, Bradley Blackwell, Thomas W. Seamans, Morgan Pfeiffer, and Bruce N. Buckingham

Variations, validations, degradations, and noninvasive determination of pregnancy using fecal steroid metabolites in free-ranging pronghorn, Cole A. Bleke, Eric M. Gese, and Susannah S. French

Impacts of a large invasive mammal on water quality in riparian ecosystems, Sara Bolds, B. Graeme Lockaby, Stephen S. Ditchkoff, Mark D. Smith, and Kurt C. Vercauteren

Rabies post-exposure healthcare-seeking behaviors and perceptions: Results from a knowledge, attitudes, and practices survey, Uganda, 2013, Sarah C. Bonaparte, Laura Adams, Barnabas Bakamutumaho, Galileu Barbosa Costa, Julie M. Cleaton, Amy Gilbert, Modupe Osinubi, Emily G. Pieracci, Sergio Recuenco, Victor Tugumizemu, Joseph Wamala, and Ryan M. Wallace

Determination of freedom-from-rabies for small Indian mongoose populations in the United States Virgin Islands, 2019–2020, A. Springer Browne, Hannah M. Cranford, Clint N. Morgan, James A. Ellison, Are Berentsen, Nicholas Wiese, Alexandra Medley, John Rossow, Leanne Jankelunas, Alan S. McKinley, Claudia D. Lombard, Nicole F. Angeli, Thomas Kelley, Jennifer Valiulus, Bethany Bradford, Valicia J. Burke-France, Cosme J. Harrison, Irene Guendel, Marissa Taylor, Gerard L. Blanchard, Jeffrey B. Doty, David J. Worthington, David Horner, Keith R. Garcia, Joseph Roth, Brett R. Ellis, Kristine M. Bisgard, Ryan Wallace, and Esther M. Ellis

Risks of introduction and economic consequences associated with African swine fever, classical swine fever and foot-and-mouth disease: A review of the literature, Vienna Brown, Ryan S. Miller, Sophie C. McKee, Karina H. Ernst, Nicole M. Didero, Rachel M. Maison, Meredith J. Grady, and Stephanie A. Shwiff

Reproductive trade-offs in the colorado checkered whiptail lizard (Aspidoscelis neotesselatus): an examination of the relationship between clutch and follicle size, Hannah E. Caracalas, S. S. French, S. B. Hudson, B. M. Kluever, A. C. Webb, D. Eifler, A. J. Lehmicke, and Lise M. Aubry

Towards a more comprehensive understanding of wild pig (Sus scrofa) impacts on agricultural producers: Insights from a Texas case study, Keith M. Carlisle, Nicole Didero, Sophie McKee, Julie Elser, and Stephanie A. Shwiff

Evaluating potential effects of solar power facilities on wildlife from an animal behavior perspective, Rachel Y. Chock, Barbara Clucas, Elizabeth K. Peterson, Bradley Blackwell, Daniel T. Blumstein, Kathleen Church, Esteban Fernández-Juricic, Gabriel Francescoli, Alison L. Greggor, Paul Kemp, Gabriela M. Pinho, Peter M. Sanzenbacher, Bruce A. Schulte, and Pauline Toni

Food habits of wintering double-crested cormorants in the Mississippi Delta, Terrel W. Christie, Brian S. Dorr, J. Brian Davis, Luke A. Roy, Carole R. Engle, Katie Hanson-Dorr, and Anita M. Kelly

Distribution and abundance of scaup using baitfish and sportfish farms in eastern Arkansas, Stephen A. Clements, Brian S. Dorr, Brian Davis, Luke A. Roy, Carole R. Engle, Katie C. Hanson-Dorr, and Anita M. Kelly

Scaup Depredation on Arkansas Baitfish and Sportfish Aquaculture, Stephen A. Clements, Brian S. Dorr, J. Brian Davis, Luke A. Roy, Carole R. Engle, Katie C. Hanson-Dorr, and Anita M. Kelly

Behavioral state resource selection in invasive wild pigs in the Southeastern United States, Lindsay M. Clontz, Kim M. Pepin, Kurt C. Vercauteren, and James C. Beasley

Data-driven management—a dynamic occupancy approach to enhanced rabies surveillance prioritization, Amy J. Davis, Jordana D. Kirby, Richard B. Chipman, Kathleen M. Nelson, and Amy T. Gilbert

Reproductive success of captive-reared Allegheny Woodrats (Neotoma magister) released into genetically depauperate populations, Miracle M. Davis, Timothy J. Smyser, Scott A. Johnson, Joseph Duchamp, Jeffery L. Larkin, Robert K. Swihart, and Jacqueline M. Doyle

Mesopredator frugivory has no effect on seed viability and emergence under experimental conditions, John P. Draper, Trisha B. Atwood, Noelle G. Beckman, Karin M. Kettenring, and Julie K. Young

Avian influenza A virus susceptibility, infection, transmission, and antibody kinetics in European starlings, Jeremy W. Ellis, J. Jeffrey Root, Loredana M. McCurdy, Kevin T. Bentler, Nicole L. Barrett, Kaci K. VanDalen, Katherine L. Dirsmith, and Susan A. Shriner

Evidence on the effectiveness of small unmanned aircraft systems (sUAS) as a survey tool for North American terrestrial, vertebrate animals: a systematic map protocol, Jared A. Elmore, Michael F. Curran, Kristine O. Evans, Sathishkumar Samiappan, Meilun Zhou, Morgan B. Pfeiffer, Bradley F. Blackwell, and Raymond B. Iglay

Recolonizing carnivores: Is cougar predation behaviorally mediated by bears?, Kristin N. Engebretsen, Jon P. Beckmann, Carl W. Lackey, Alyson M. Andreasen, Cody Schroeder, Pat Jackson, and Julie K. Young

Principal economic effects of cormorant predation on catfish farms, Carole R. Engle, Terrel W. Christie, Brian S. Dorr, Ganesh Kumar, Luke A. Roy, and Anita M. Kelly

Economic effects of predation by scaup on baitfish and sportfish farms, Carole R. Engle, Stephen Clements, Brian S. Dorr, J. Brian Davis, Luke A. Roy, and Anita M. Kelly

Landscape Genetics of American Beaver in Coastal Oregon, Clinton W. Epps, Vanessa M. Petro, Tyler G. Creech, Rachel S. Crowhurst, Matthew J. Weldy, and Jimmy D. Taylor

Dietary flexibility of Wood Storks in response to human-induced rapid environmental change, Betsy A. Evans, Jessica A. Klassen, and Dale E. Gawlik

Movement, space-use and resource preferences of European golden jackals in human-dominated landscapes: insights from a telemetry study, Skye Fenton, Paul R. Moorcroft, Duško Ćirović, József Lanszki, Miklós Heltai, Francesca Cagnacci, Stewart Breck, Neda Bogdanović, Ilija Pantelić, Kornél Ács, and Nathan Ranc

Economic Estimates of Wild Hog (Sus scrofa) Damage and Control Among Young Forest Plantations in Alabama, Micah Fern, Rebecca Barlow, Chris Slootmaker, John Kush, Stephanie Shwiff, Larry Teeter, and Jim Armstrong

Range-wide declines of northern spotted owl populations in the Pacific Northwest: A meta-analysis, Alan B. Franklin, Katie M. Dugger, Damon B. Lesmeister, Raymond J. Davis, J. David Wiens, Gary C. White, James D. Nichols, James E. Hines, Charles B. Yackulic, Carl J. Schwarz, Steven H. Ackers, L. Steven Andrews, Larissa L. Bailey, Robin Bown, Jesse Burgher, Kenneth P. Burnham, Peter C. Carlson, Tara Chestnut, Mary M. Conner, Krista E. Dilione, Eric D. Forsman, Elizabeth M. Glenn, Scott A. Gremel, Keith A. Hamm, Dale R. Herter, J. Mark Higley, Rob B. Horn, Julianna M. Jenkins, William L. Kendall, David W. Lamphear, Christopher McCafferty, Trent L. McDonald, Janice A. Reid, Jeremy T. Rockweit, David C. Simon, Stan G. Sovern, James K. Swingle, and Heather Wise

Avian Influenza A Viruses Reassort and Diversify Differently in Mallards and Mammals, Ketaki Ganti, Anish Bagga, Juliana DaSilva, Samuel S. Shepard, John R. Barnes, Susan A. Shriner, Katia Koelle, and Anice C. Lowen

Avian Influenza A Viruses Reassort and Diversify Differently in Mallards and Mammals, Ketaki Ganti, Anish Bagga, Juliana DaSilva, Samuel S. Shepard, John R. Barnes, Susan A. Shriner, Katia Koelle, and Anice C. Lowen

Adaptation of an artificial bait to an automated aerial delivery system for landscape-scale brown treesnake suppression, Rafael A. Garcia, Thomas W. McAuliffe, Lorelie P. Bumanlag, Shane R. Siers, and Bruce A. Kimball

Space use in free-ranging canids: Are gonadal hormones required for territory maintenance?, Eric M. Gese and Patricia A. Terletzky

Brown Treesnake Mortality After Aerial Application of Toxic Baits, Scott M. Goetz, Eric T. Hileman, Melia G. Nafus, Amy A. Yackel Adams, Amanda R. Bryant, Robert N. Reed, and Shane R. Siers

Biodetection of a specific odor signature in mallard feces associated with infection by low pathogenic avian influenza A virus, Glen J. Golden, Meredith Jj. Grady, Hailey E. McLean, Susan A. Shriner, Airn E. Hartwig, Richard A. Bowen, and Bruce A. Kimball

Embracing Dynamic Models for Gene Drive Management, Andrew J. Golnar, Emily W. Ruell, Alun L. Lloyd, and Kim M. Pepin

Continental-scale dynamics of avian influenza in U.S. waterfowl are driven by demography, migration, and temperature, Erin E. Gorsich, Colleen T. Webb, Andrew A. Merton, Jennifer A. Hoeting, Ryan S. Miller, Matthew Farnsworth, Seth R. Swafford, Thomas J. DeLiberto, Kerri Pedersen, Alan B. Franklin, Robert G. McLean, Kenneth R. Wilson, and Paul Doherty

Testing a Bite-Shortened Hook to Minimize Fish Handling in a Recreational Fishery, Holden E. Harris, Brian K. Whalen, Andrew G. Gude, and Michael S. Allen

Dispersal and Land Cover Contribute to Pseudorabies Virus Exposure in Invasive Wild Pigs, Felipe A. Hernandez, Amanda N. Carr, Michael P. Milleson, Hunter R. Merrill, Michael L. Avery, Brandon M. Parker, Cortney L. Pylant, James D. Austin, and Samantha M. Wisely

Satellite-detected ammonia changes in the United States: Natural or anthropogenic impacts, Yaqian He, Rongting Xu, Stephen A. Prior, Di Yang, Anni Yang, and Jian Chen

Landscape transformations produce favorable roosting conditions for turkey vultures and black vultures, Jacob E. Hill, Kenneth F. Kellner, Bryan M. Kluever, Michael L. Avery, John S. Humphrey, Eric A. Tillman, Travis L. DeVault, and Jerrold L. Belant

Environmental correlates of genetic variation in the invasive European starling in North America, Natalie R. Hofmeister, Scott J. Werner, and Irby J. Lovette

Population genomic transformations induced by isolation of wild bird avian influenza viruses (Orthomyxoviridae) in embryonated chicken eggs, Matthew W. Hopken, Antoinette J. Piaggio, K. L. Pabilonia, James Pierce, Theodore Anderson, Courtney Pierce, and Zaid Abdo

Temporal and Spatial Blood Feeding Patterns of Urban Mosquitoes in the San Juan Metropolitan Area, Puerto Rico, Matthew W. Hopken, Limarie J. Reyes-Torres, Nicole Scavo, Antoinette J. Piaggio, Zaid Abdo, Daniel Taylor, James Pierce, and Donald A. Yee

Peptide ELISA and FRET-qPCR Identified a Significantly Higher Prevalence of Chlamydia suis in Domestic Pigs Than in Feral Swine from the State of Alabama, USA, Md Monirul Hoque, Folasade Adekanmbi, Subarna Barua, Kh. Shamsur Rahman, Virginia Aida, Brian Anderson, Anil Poudel, Anwar Kalalah, Sara Bolds, Steven Madere, Steven Kitchens, Stuart Price, Vienna Brown, B. Graeme Lockaby, Constantinos S. Kyriakis, Bernhard Kaltenboeck, and Chengming Wang

An opportunistic survey reveals an unexpected coronavirus diversity hotspot in North America, Hon S. Ip, Kathryn M. Griffin, Jeffrey D. Messer, Megan E. Winzeler, Susan A. Shriner, Mary Lea Killian, Mia Kim Torchetti, Thomas J. DeLiberto, Brian R. Amman, Caitlin M. Cossaboom, R. Reid Harvey, Natalie M. Wendling, Hannah Rettler, Dean Taylor, Jonathan S. Towner, Casey Barton Behravesh, and David S. Blehert

Cytoarchitectural characteristics associated with cognitive flexibility in raccoons, Joanna Jacob, Molly Kent, Sarah Benson-Amram, Suzana Herculano-Houzel, Mary Ann Raghanti, Emily Ploppert, Jack Drake, Bilal Hindi, Nick R. Natale, Sarah Daniels, Rachel Fanelli, Anderson Miller, Tim Landis, Amy Gilbert, Shylo Johnson, Annie Lai, Molly Hyer, Amanda Rzucidlo, Chris Anchor, Stan Gehrt, and Kelly Lambert

Social identity and acceptability of wild pig (Sus scrofa) control actions: A case study of Texas hunters, Lauren Jaebker, Tara L. Teel, Alan D. Bright, Hailey E. McLean, John M. Tomeček, Maureen G. Frank, Rachael L. Connally, Stephanie A. Shwiff, and Keith M. Carlisle

Serological Responses of Raccoons and Striped Skunks to Ontario Rabies Vaccine Bait in West Virginia during 2012–2016, Shylo R. Johnson, Dennis Slate, Kathleen M. Nelson, Amy J. Davis, Samual A. Mills, John T. Forbes, Kurt VerCauteren, Amy T. Gilbert, and Richard B. Chipman

Inefficiency of anthraquinone-based avian repellents when applied to sunflower: the importance of crop vegetative and floral characteristics in field applications, Brandon Kaiser, Burton L. Johnson, Mike Ostlie, Scott J. Werner, and Page E. Klug

Relative acceptance of brodifacoum pellets and soft bait sachets by Polynesian rats (Rattus exulans) on Wake Atoll, Peter J. Kappes and Shane R. Siers

Wildlife responses to livestock guard dogs and domestic sheep on open range, Daniel Kinka, Jeffrey T. Schultz, and Julie K. Young

Diets of double-crested cormorants in the Lake Winnebago System, Wisconsin, Ryan P. Koenigs, Daniel J. Dembkowski, Charles D. Lovell, Daniel A. Isermann, and Adam D. Nickel

Landscape of stress: Tree mortality influences physiological stress and survival in a native mesocarnivore, Jennifer R. Kordosky, Eric M. Gese, Craig M. Thompson, Patricia A. Terletzky, Lorin A. Neuman-Lee, Jon D. Schneiderman, Kathryn L. Purcell, and Susannah S. French

Landscape use by fishers (Pekania pennanti): core areas differ in habitat than the entire home range, Jennifer R. Kordosky, Eric M. Gese, Craig M. Thompson, Patricia A. Terletzky, Kathryn L. Purcell, and Jon D. Schneiderman

Modelling the factors affecting the probability for local rabies elimination by strategic control, Johann L. Kotzé, John Duncan Grewar, and Aaron M. Anderson

Economic Losses of Catfish to Avian Predation: A Case Report, Ganesh Kumar, Shraddha Hegde, David Wise, Charles Mischke, and Brian Dorr

Improved Strategies for Handling Entire Sounders of Wild Pigs, Michael Lavelle, Nathan P. Snow, Christine K. Ellis, Joe M. Halseth, Justin W. Fischer, Michael P. Glow, Eric H. VanNatta, Bethany A. Friesenhahn, and Kurt C. Vercauteren

Surgical sterilization impacts on behavior of coyote pairs, Tyler Leary, Jeffrey T. Schultz, and Julie K. Young

H7N1 Low Pathogenicity Avian Influenza Viruses in Poultry in the United States During 2018, Dong-Hun Lee, Mary Lea Killian, Thomas J. DeLiberto, Xiu-Feng Wan, Li Lei, David E. Swayne, and Mia Kim Torchetti

Welfare Performance of Three Foothold Traps for Capturing North American River Otters Lontra canadensis, Matthew J. Lovallo, H. B. White, J. D. Erb, M. S. Peek, and Thomas J. DeLiberto

Rooting Out Genetic Structure of Invasive Wild Pigs in Texas, Anna M. Mangan, Antoinette J. Piaggio, Michael J. Bodenchuk, Courtney F. Pierce, and Timothy J. Smyser

Distilling Professional Opinion to Gauge Vulnerability of Guam Avifauna to Brown Treesnake Predation, Robert M. McElderry, Eben H. Paxton, Andre V. Nguyen, and Shane R. Siers

Estimation of wildlife damage from federal crop insurance data, Sophie McKee, Stephanie A. Shwiff, and Aaron M. Anderson

Social media as a window into human-wildlife interactions and zoonotic disease risk: an examination of wild pig hunting videos on YouTube, Hailey E. McLean, Lauren M. Jaebker, Aaron M. Anderson, Tara L. Teel, Alan D. Bright, Stephanie A. Shwiff, and Keith M. Carlisle

Understanding tolerance for an invasive species: An investigation of hunter acceptance capacity for wild pigs (Sus scrofa) in Texas, Hailey E. McLean, Tara L. Teel, Alan Bright, Lauren M. Jaebker, John M. Tomecek, Maureen G. Frank, Rachael L. Connally, Stephanie A. Shwiff, and Keith M. Carlisle

Differing Alterations of Odor Volatiles among Pathogenic Stimuli, Patrick Millet, Talia Martin, Maryanne Opiekun, Gary K. Beauchamp, and Bruce A. Kimball

Strategic considerations for invasive species managers in the utilization of environmental DNA (eDNA): Steps for incorporating this powerful surveillance tool, Jeffrey Morisette, Stanley Burgiel, Kelsey Brantley, Wesley M. Daniel, John Darling, Jeanette Davis, Thomas Franklin, Keith Gaddis, Margaret Hunter, Richard Lance, Tracy Leskey, Yale Passamaneck, Antoinette Piaggio, Brian Rector, Adam Sepulveda, Melissa Smith, Carol A. Stepien, and Taylor Wilcox

Threading the needle: How humans influence predator–prey spatiotemporal interactions in a multiple-predator system, Asia Murphy, Duane R. Diefenbach, Mark Ternent, Matt Lovallo, and David Miller

Great Expectations: Deconstructing the Process Pathways Underlying Beaver-Related Restoration, Caroline S. Nash, Gordon E. Grant, Susan Charnley, Jason B. Dunham, Hannah Gosnell, Mark B. Hausner, David S. Pilliod, and Jimmy Taylor

Powassan Virus Experimental Infections in Three Wild Mammal Species, Nicole M. Nemeth, J. Jeffrey Root, Airn E. Hartwig, Richard A. Bowen, and Angela M. Bosco-Lauth

Strategic testing approaches for targeted disease monitoring can be used to inform pandemic decision-making, James D. Nichols, Tiffany L. Bogich, Emily Howerton, Ottar N. Bjørnstad, Rebecca K. Borchering, Matthew Ferrari, Murali Haran, Christopher Jewell, Kim M. Pepin, William J.M. Probert, Juliet R.C. Pulliam, Michael C. Runge, Michael Tildesley, Cecile Viboud, and Katriona Shea

Variation in Angiostrongylus cantonensis infection in definitive and intermediate hosts in Hawaii, a global hotspot of rat lungworm disease, Chris Niebuhr, Shane R. Siers, Israel Leinbach, Lisa M. Kaluna, and Susan I. Jarvi

Short Term Safety, Immunogenicity, and Reproductive Effects of Combined Vaccination With Anti-GnRH (Gonacon) and Rabies Vaccines in Female Feral Cats, Shiri Novak, Boris Yakobson, Shir Sorek, Liat Morgan, Smadar Tal, Ran Nivy, Roni King, Lauren Jaebker, Douglas C. Eckery, and Tal Raz

Short Term Safety, Immunogenicity, and Reproductive Effects of Combined Vaccination With Anti-GnRH (Gonacon) and Rabies Vaccines in Female Feral Cats, Shiri Novak, Boris Yakobson, Shir Sorek, Liat Morgan, Smadar Tal, Ran Nivy, Roni King, Lauren Jaebker, Douglas C. Eckery, and Tal Raz

Avian visual ecologists should consider UV absorbance and all sensory modalities: A response to Wisenden et al. (2020), Sean T. O'Daniels, Scott J. Werner, and Ken Yasukawa

Population genomics of invasive rodents on islands: Genetic consequences of colonization and prospects for localized synthetic gene drive, Kevin P. Oh, Aaron B. Shiels, Laura Shiels, Dimitri V. Blondel, Karl J. Campbell, J. Royden Saah, Alun L. Lloyd, Paul Q. Thomas, Fred Gould, Zaid Abdo, John R. Godwin, and Antoinette J. Piaggio

Nicarbazin as an oral contraceptive in eared doves, Lourdes Olivera, Silvia Pereyra, Georgget Banchero, Guillermo Tellechea, Jorge Sawchik, Michael L. Avery, and Ethel Rodríguez

Factors Influencing Survival Rates of Pronghorn Fawns in Idaho, Brett R. Panting, Eric M. Gese, Mary M. Conner, and Scott Bergen

Using Enclosed Y-Mazes to Assess Chemosensory Behavior in Reptiles, M. Rockwell Parker, Andrea F. Currylow, Eric A. Tillman, Charlotte J. Robinson, Jilian M. Josimovich, Isabella M.G. Bukovich, Lauren A. Nazarian, Melia G. Nafus, Bryan M. Kluever, and Amy A. Yackel Adams

The consequences of predators without prey, Mitchell A. Parsons, Thomas M. Newsome, and Julie K. Young

Social structure defines spatial transmission of African swine fever in wild boar: Social structure defines spatial transmission of African swine fever in wild boar, Kim M. Pepin, Andrew J. Golnar, and Tomasz Podgórski

A framework for surveillance of emerging pathogens at the human-animal interface: Pigs and coronaviruses as a case study, Kim M. Pepin, Ryan S. Miller, and Mark Q. Wilber

Responses of turkey vultures to unmanned aircraft systems vary by platform, Morgan B. Pfeiffer, Bradley F. Blackwell, Thomas W. Seamans, Bruce N. Buckingham, Joshua L. Hoblet, and Patrice E. Baumhardt

Sex and nest type influence avian blood parasite prevalence in a high-elevation bird community, Marina D. Rodriguez, Paul F. Doherty, Antoinette J. Piaggio, and Kathryn P. Huyvaert

Factors leading to successful island rodent eradications following initial failure, Araceli Samaniego, Peter Kappes, Keith Broome, Steve Cranwell, Richard Griffiths, Grant Harper, Pete McClelland, Russell Palmer, Gerard Rocamora, Keith Springer, David Will, and Shane Siers

Contemporary challenges and opportunities for the management of bird damage at field crop establishment, Christophe Sausse, Alice Baux, Michel Bertrand, Elsa Bonnaud, Sonia Canavelli, Alexandra Destrez, Page E. Klug, Lourdes Olivera, Ethel Rodriguez, Guilllermo Tellechea, and Sebastian Zuil

Modeling Mongoose Rabies in the Caribbean: A Model-Guided Fieldwork Approach to Identify Research Priorities, Caroline C. Sauvé, Erin E. Rees, Amy T. Gilbert, Are R. Berentsen, Agathe Allibert, and Patrick A. Leighton

Alfaxalone Successfully Immobilizes Small Indian Mongooses (Urva auropunctata): A Field Report, Caroline C. Sauvé, Yves Rondenay, Are R. Berentsen, Mel J. Rivera-Rodriguez, and Patrick A. Leighton

The evolutionary consequences of human–wildlife conflict in cities, Christopher J. Schell, Lauren Stanton, Julie K. Young, Lisa Angeloni, Joanna E. Lambert, Stewart W. Breck, and Maureen H. Murray

SARS-CoV-2 Exposure in Escaped Mink, Utah, USA, Susan A. Shriner, Jeremy W. Ellis, J. Jeffrey Root, Annette Roug, Scott R. Stopak, Gerald W. Wiscomb, Jared R. Zierenberg, Hon S. Ip, Mia Kim Torchetti, and Thomas J. DeLiberto

Influenza A virus surveillance, infection and antibody persistence in snow geese (Anser caerulescens), Susan A. Shriner, J. Jeffrey Root, Jeremy W. Ellis, Kevin T. Bentler, Kaci K. VanDalen, Thomas Gidlewski, and Sarah N. Bevins

Evaluating lethal toxicant doses for the largest individuals of an invasive vertebrate predator with indeterminate growth, Shane R. Siers, Scott M. Goetz, Rachel M. Volsteadt, and Melia G. Nafus