The mission of USDA APHIS Wildlife Services (WS) is to provide Federal leadership and expertise to resolve wildlife conflicts to allow people and wildlife to coexist. WS conducts program delivery, research, and other activities through its Regional and State Offices, the National Wildlife Research Center (NWRC) and its Field Stations, as well as through its National Programs.

This site contains publications of WS or its staff. Material prepared by employees of the US Government in the course of their official duties cannot be copyrighted.


Experimental Elucidation of the Life Cycle of Drepanocephalus Spathans (Digenea: Echinostomatidae) with Notes on the Morphological Plasticity of D. Spathans in the United States, Neely R. Alberson, Thomas G. Rosser, Tommy King, Ethan T. Woodyard, Lester Khoo, Wes A. Baumgartner, Daviod J. Wise, Linda M. Pote, Fred L. Cunningham, and Matt J. Griffin

Influence of landscape attributes on Virginia opossum density, David A. Bernasconi, Wesley C. Dixon, Matthew T. Hamilton, James L. Helton, Richard B. Chipman, Amy T. Gilbert, James C. Beasley, Olin E. Rhodes Jr., and Guha Dharmarajan

Intercontinental Movement of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza A(H5N1) Clade Virus to the United States, 2021, Sarah N. Bevins, Susan A. Shriner, James C. Cumbee Jr., Krista E. Dilione, Kelly E. Douglass, Jeremy W. Ellis, Mary Lea Killian, Mia K. Torchetti, and Julianna B. Lenoch

Wild pig removal reduces pathogenic bacteria in low-order streams, Sara A. Bolds, B. Graeme Lockaby, Latif Kalin, Stephen S. Ditchkoff, Mark D. Smith, and Kurt VerCauteren

Experimental Infection of Brazilian Free-Tailed Bats (Tadarida brasiliensis) with Two Strains of SARS-CoV-2, Angela M. Bosco-Lauth, Stephanie M. Porter, Karen A. Fox, Mary E. Wood, Daniel Neubaum, and Marissa Quilici

An examination of ethical attitudes towards wild pig (Sus scrofa) toxicants in the United States, Keith Carlisle, Erin E. Harper, and Stephanie A. Shwiff

Plague risk in the western United States over seven decades of environmental change, Colin J. Carlson, Sarah N. Bevins, and Boris V. Schmid

Current ecotoxicity testing needs among selected U.S. federal agencies, Patricia Ceger, Natalia Garcia-Reyero Vinas, David Allen, Elyssa Arnold, Raanan Bloom, Jennifer C. Brennan, Carol Clarke, Karen Eisenreich, Kellie Fay, Jonathan Hamm, Paula F.P. Henry, Katherine E. Horak, Wesley Hunter, Donna Judkins, Patrice Klein, Nicole Kleinstreuer, Kara Koehrn, Carlie A. LaLone, James P. Laurenson, Jessica K. Leet, Anna Lowit, Scott G. Lynn, Teresa Norberg-King, Edward J. Perkins, Elijah J. Petersen, Barnett A. Rattner, Catherine S. Sprankle, Thomas Steeger, Jim E. Warren, Sarah Winfield, and Edward Odenkirchen

Aboveground carbon responses to experimental and natural hurricane impacts in a subtropical wet forest in Puerto Rico, Hervé Chevalier, Nicholas V.L. Brokaw, Sheila E. Ward, Jess K. Zimmerman, Aaron B. Shiels, John Bithorn, and Samuel Matta Carmona

Seasonal Habitat Selection by American White Pelicans, Frederick L. Cunningham, Guiming Wang, and D. Tommy King

An efficient method of evaluating multiple concurrent management actions on invasive populations, Amy J. Davis, Randy Farrar, Brad Jump, Parker Hall, Travis Guerrant, and Kim M. Pepin

Ontario’s Double-crested Cormorant hunting season may be ineffective but that doesn’t mean there are no conflict issues, Brian S. Dorr, David G. Fielder, James R. Jackson, James F. Farquhar, Douglas W. Schultz, and Randall M. Claramunt

Frugivory and Seed Dispersal by Carnivorans, John P. Draper, Julie K. Young, Eugene W. Schupp, Noelle G. Beckman, and Trisha B. Atwood

Economics of Cormorant Predation on Catfish Farms, Carole Engle, Ganesh Kumar, Terrel Christie, Brian S. Dorr, Brian Davis, Luke Roy, and Anita Kelly

Relationship between reproductive hormones and migration distance in a polygynous songbird, the Red‑winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus), Michelle A. Eshleman, Page E. Klug, Esther Morales‑Vega, Björn Wissel, and Timothy J. Grelves

SARS-CoV-2 in Wildlife: Q & A with Alan B. Franklin, Alan B. Franklin

Effects of early‑life experience on innovation and problem‑solving in captive coyotes, Andrew C. Garcia, Mitchell A. Parsons, and Julie K. Young

Editorial: Special Issue “Innovative Techniques and Approaches in the Control and Prevention of Rabies Virus”, Amy T. Gilbert, Ryan M. Wallace, and Charles E. Rupprecht

Behavioral states in space and time: Understanding landscape use by an invasive mammal, Steven M. Gray, John M. Humphreys, Robert A. Montgomery, Dwayne R. Etter, Kurt C. VerCauteren, Daniel B. Kramer, and Gary J. Roloff

Economic Consequences of the Wolf Comeback in the Western United States, Dana Hoag, Stewart W. Breck, Kevin Crooks, and Becky Niemiec

Solar radiation and soil moisture drive tropical forest understory responses to experimental and natural hurricanes, J. Aaron Hogan, Joanne M. Sharpe, Ashley Van Beusekom, Sarah Stankavich, Samuel Matta Carmona, John E. Bithorn, Jamarys Torres-Díaz, Grizelle González, Jess K. Zimmerman, and Aaron B. Shiels

Seasonal variation and tracking of climate niche of a migratory bird, Javier Gutiérrez Illán, Guiming Wang, D. Tommy King, and Fred L. Cunningham

Divergent neural and endocrine responses in wild-caught and laboratory-bred Rattus norvegicus, Joanna Jacob, Sally Watanabe, Jonathan Richardson, Nick Gonzales, Emily Ploppert, Garet Lahvis, Aaron Shiels, Sadie Wenger, Kelly Saverino, Janhavi Bhalerao, Brendan Crockett, Erin Burns, Olivia Harding, Krista Fischer-Stenger, and Kelly Lambert

In vivo efficacy of pyrantel pamoate as a post-exposure prophylactic for rat lungworm (Angiostrongylus cantonensis), John Jacob, Argon Steel, Lisa Kaluna, Steven Hess, Israel Leinbach, Carmen Antaky, Robert Sugihara, Lindsey Hamilton, Peter Follett, Kathleen Howe, Steven Jacquier, Supakit Wongwiwatthananukit, and Susan Jarvi

Concentration-response of an anthraquinone-based repellent for raccoons (Procyon lotor), Shylo Johnson, Shelagh T. DeLiberto, Kathleen Urchek, Amy T. Gilbert, and Scott J. Werner

Understanding continent-wide variation in vulture ranging behavior to assess feasibility of Vulture Safe Zones in Africa: Challenges and possibilities, Adam Kane, Ara Monadjem, H. K.Ortwin Aschenborn, Keith Bildstein, André Botha, Claire Bracebridge, Evan R. Buechley, Ralph Buij, John P. Davies, Maria Diekmann, Colleen T. Downs, Nina Farwig, Toby Galligan, Gregory Kaltenecker, Chris Kelly, Ryno Kemp, Holger Kolberg, Monique L. MacKenzie, John Mendelsohn, Msafiri Mgumba, Ran Nathan, Aaron Nicholas, Darcy Ogada, Morgan Pfeiffer, W. Louis Phipps, Matteuns D. Pretorius, Sascha Rösner, Dana G. Schabo, Gabriel Lita Shatumbu, Orr Spiegel, Lindy J. Thompson, Jan A. Venter, Munir Virani, Kerri Wolter, and Corinne J. Kendall

Relative palatability and efficacy of brodifacoum-25D conservation rodenticide pellets for mouse eradication on Midway Atoll, Peter J. Kappes, Shane R. Siers, Israel L. Leinbach, Robert T. Sugihara, Wesley J. Jolley, Jonathan H. Plissner, Elizabeth N. Flint, Kelly L. Goodale, and Gregg R. Howald

Large- and Small-Scale Climate Influences Spring Migration Departure Probability of American White Pelicans, D. Tommy King, Guiming Wang, and Fred L. Cunningham

Seasonal climatic niche and migration movements of Double-crested Cormorants, D. Tommy King, Guiming Wang, and Fred L. Cunningham

Using Noninvasive Genetics for Estimating Density and Assessing Diet of Urban and Rural Coyotes in Florida, USA, Bryan M. Kluever; Martin B. Main; Stewart W. Breck; Robert C. Lonsinger; John H. Humphrey; Justin W. Fischer; Michael P. Milleson USDA APHIS Wildlife Services, Gainesville; and Antionette J. Piaggio

Olfactory lures in predator control do not increase predation risk to birds in areas of conservation concern, Page Klug, Amy A. Yackel Adams, and Robert N. Reed

Summer habitat use and movements of invasive wild pigs (Sus scrofa) in Canadian agro-ecosystems, Corey J. Kramer, Melanie R. Boudreau, Ryan S. Miller, Ryan Powers, Kurt C. VerCauteren, and Ryan K. Brook

Transmission of antibiotic resistance at the wildlife-livestock interface, Shinyoung Lee, Peixin Fan, Ting Liu, Anni Yang, Raoul K. Boughton, Kim M. Pepin, Ryan S. Miller, and Kwangcheol Casey Jeong

Invasive predators affect community-wide pollinator visitation, Christina T. Liang, Aaron B. Shiels, William P. Haines, Manette E. Sandor, and Clare E. Aslan

Can we use antipredator behavior theory to predict wildlife responses to high-speed vehicles?, Ryan B. Lunn, Bradley Blackwell, Travis L. DeVault, and Esteban Fernández-Juricic

Defining an epidemiological landscape that connects movement ecology to pathogen transmission and pace-of-life, Kezia Manlove, Mark Wilber, Lauren White, Guillaume Bastille-Rousseau, Anni Yang, Marie L.J. Gilbertson, Meggan E. Craft, Paul C. Cross, George Wittemyer, and Kim M. Pepin

Accounting for animal movement improves vaccination strategies against wildlife disease in heterogeneous landscapes, Katherine M. McClure, Guillaume Bastille-Rousseau, Amy J. Davis, Carolyn A. Stengel, Kathleen M. Nelson, Richard B. Chipman, George Wittemyer, Zaid Abdo, Amy Gilbert, and Kim M. Pepin

A review of the impacts of invasive wild pigs on native vertebrates, Matthew T. McDonough, Stephen S. Ditchkoff, Mark D. Smith, and Kurt C. Vercauteren

Economic Damages of Wild Pigs in Non-Traditional Areas: From the Fairway to the After Life, Sophie McKee, Julie Elser, Maryfrances Miller, Lirong Liu, Ryan Miller, Steven S. Shwiff, and Stephanie A. Shwiff

Integrating data types to estimate spatial patterns of avian migration across the Western Hemisphere, Timothy D. Meehan, Sarah P. Saunders, William V. DeLuca, Nicole L. Michel, Joanna Grand, Jill L. Deppe, Miguel F. Jimenez, Erika J. Knight, Nathaniel E. Seavy, Melanie A. Smith, Lotem Taylor, Chad Witko, Michael E. Akresh, David R. Barber, Erin M. Bayne, James C. Beasley, Jerrold L. Belant, Richard O. Bierregaard, Keith L. Bildstein, Than J. Boves, John N. Brzorad, Steven P. Campbell, Antonio Celis-Murillo, Hilary A. Cooke, Robert Domenech, Laurie Goodrich, Elizabeth A. Gow, Aaron Haines, Michael T. Hallworth, Jason M. Hill, Amanda E. Holland, Scott Jennings, Roland Kays, Tommy King, Stuart A. Mackenzie, Peter P. Marra, Rebecca A. McCabe, Kent P. McFarland, Michael J. McGrady, Ron Melcer, D. Ryan Norris, Russell E. Norvell, Olin E. Rhodes, Christopher C. Rimmer, Amy L. Scarpignato, Adam Shreading, Jesse L. Watson, and Chad R. Wilsey

Adaptive risk-based targeted surveillance for foreign animal diseases at the wildlife-livestock interface, Ryan S. Miller, Sarah N. Bevins, Gericke Cook, Ross Free, Kim M. Pepin, Thomas Gidlewski, and Vienna Brown

Comparative susceptibility of eastern cottontails and New Zealand white rabbits to classical rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) and RHDV2, Fawzi Mohamed, Thomas Gidlewski, Mary L. Berninger, Heather M. Petrowski, Alexa J. Bracht, Carla Bravo de Rueda, Roger W. Barrette, Meredith Grady, Emily S. O'Hearn, Charles E. Lewis, Karen E. Moran, Tracy L. Sturgill, Lorenzo Capucci, and J. Jeffrey Root

Rapid changes in public perception toward a conservation initiative, Rebecca Niemiec, Richard E.W. Berl, Mireille Gonzalez, Tara L. Teel, Jonathan Salerno, Stewart Breck, Cassiopeia Camara, Matthew Collins, Courtney Scholtz, Dana Hoag, and Kevin R. Crooks

Foot Injuries in Michigan, USA, Gray Wolves (Canis lupus), 1992–2014, Daniel J. O'Brien, Dean E. Beyer Jr., Erin Largent, Julie R. Melotti, Caitlin N. Ott-Conn, Donald H. Lonsway, Thomas M. Cooley, Robert Atkinson, Michelle Clayson, and Kelly A. Straka

Scavenging vs hunting affects behavioral traits of an opportunistic carnivore, Mitchell A. Parsons, Andrew Garcia, and Julie K. Young

Optimising response to an introduction of African swine fever in wild pigs, Kim M. Pepin, Vienna R. Brown, Anni Yang, James C. Beasley, Raoul Boughton, Kurt C. VerCauteren, Ryan S. Miller, and Sarah N. Bevins

Optimizing management of invasions in an uncertain world using dynamic spatial models, Kim M. Pepin, Amy J. Davis, Rebecca S. Epanchin-Niell, Andrew M. Gormley, Joslin L. Moore, Timothy J. Smyser, H. Bradley Shaffer, William L. Kendall, Katriona Shea, Michael C. Runge, and Sophie McKee

Longevity of an immunocontraceptive vaccine effect on fecundity in rats, Rebecca Pinkham, Douglas C. Eckery, Richard E. Mauldin, M. Gomm, F. Hill, F. Vial, and G. Massei

Long-term effect of a GnRH-based immunocontraceptive on feral cattle in Hong Kong, Rebecca Pinkham, Ka-Kei Koon, Jason To, Jason Chan, Flavie Vial, Matt Gomm, Douglas C. Eckery, and Giovanna Massei

Long-term effect of a GnRH-based immunocontraceptive on feral cattle in Hong Kong, Rebecca Pinkham, Ka-Kei Koon, Jason To, Jason Chan, Flavie Vial, Matt Gomm, Douglas C. Eckery, and Giovanna Massei

Spatial risk modeling of cattle depredation by black vultures in the midwestern United States, Brandon M. Quinby, Bryan M. Kluever, Grant N. Burcham, Lee Humberg, Landon R. Jones, Marian L. Wahl, and Patrick A. Zollner

Strength in numbers: Avian influenza A virus transmission to poultry from a flocking passerine, J. Jeffrey Root, Jeremy W. Ellis, and Susan A. Shriner

Use of a Direct, Rapid Immunohistochemical Test for Diagnosis of Rabies Virus in Bats, Charles E. Rupprecht, Lolita Van Pelt, April D. Davis, Richard B. Chipman, and David L. Bergman

Capture-Recapture Reveals Heterogeneity in Habitat-Specific Mongoose Densities and Spatiotemporal Variability in Trapping Success in St. Kitts, West Indies, Caroline C. Sauvé, Are R. Berentsen, Amy Gilbert, Anne Conan, Luis Cruz-Martinez, and Patrick A. Leighton

Predicting consistent foraging ecologies of migrating waterbirds: Using stable isotope and parasite measurements as indicators of landscape use, Kate L. Sheehan, Brian S. Dorr, Stephen A. Clements, Terrel W. Christie, Katie Hanson-Dorr, Scott A. Rush, and J. Brian Davis

No panacea attractant for wild pigs (Sus scrofa), but season and location matter, Nathan P. Snow, Caitlin A. Kupferman, Michael J. Lavelle, Kim M. Pepin, Madeline H. Melton, Whitney J. Gann, Kurt C. Vercauteren, and James C. Beasley

Dammed water quality—Longitudinal stream responses below beaver ponds in the Umpqua River Basin, Oregon, John R. Stevenson, Jason B. Dunham, Steven M. Wondzell, and Jimmy Taylor

Amplification of Black Vulture (Coragyps atratus) DNA from regurgitated food pellets, Daniel R. Taylor, Bryan M. Kluever, John S. Humphrey, Iona M. Hennessy, Amber Sutton, William E. Bruce, and Antoinette J. Piaggio

Individual trophic niche specialization in American beaver (Castor canadensis), Jimmy Taylor, Robert Francis, Scott Rush, Bronson Strickland, and Guiming Wang

Genomic tools reveal complex social organization of an invasive large mammal (Sus scrofa), Chelsea L. Titus, Courtney F. Bowden, Timothy J. Smyser, Stephen L. Webb, and James C. Beasley

A systematic map of human-carnivore coexistence, Cassandre C. Venumière-Lefebvre, Stewart W. Breck, and Kevin R. Crooks

A model for leveraging animal movement to understand spatio-temporal disease dynamics, Mark Q. Wilber, Anni Yang, Raoul Boughton, Kezia R. Manlove, Ryan S. Miller, Kim M. Pepin, and George Wittemyer

Rodents in Agriculture: A Broad Perspective, Gary Witmer

Social Learning of Avoidance Behaviors: Trap Aversion in Captive Coyotes, Julie Young, Jeffrey T. Schultz, Buck Jolley, Nekol Basili, and John P. Draper


Evidence for continental-scale dispersal of antimicrobial resistant bacteria by landfill-foraging gulls, Christina A. Ahlstrom, Mariëlle L. van Toor, Hanna Woksepp, Jeffrey C. Chandler, John A. Reed, Andrew B. Reeves, Jonas Waldenström, Alan B. Franklin, David C. Douglas, Jonas Bonnedahl, and Andrew M. Ramey

Estimating wildlife strike costs at US airports: A machine learning approach, Levi Altringer, Jordan Navin, Michael J. Begier, Stephanie A. Shwiff, and Aaron M. Anderson

Toxoplasma gondii prevalence in carnivorous wild birds in the eastern United States, Sawsan Ammar, Liberty Wood, Chunlei Su, Maria Spriggs, Justin Brown, Kyle Van Why, and Richard Gerhold

Spatial transferability of expert opinion models for American beaver habitat, Isidro Barela, Leslie M. Burger, Guiming Wang, Kristine O. Evans, Qingmin Meng, and Jimmy D. Taylor

Multi-level movement response of invasive wild pigs (Sus scrofa) to removal, Guillaume Bastille-Rousseau, Peter E. Schlichting, David A. Keiter, Joshua B. Smith, John C. Kilgo, George Wittemyer, Kurt C. Vercauteren, James C. Beasley, and Kim M. Pepin

Effects of translocation on survival of nuisance bears, Javan Bauder, D. Ruid, N. M. Roberts, B. Kohn, and M. L. Allen

Evaluation of a warfarin bait for controlling invasive wild pigs (Sus scrofa), James C. Beasley, Lindsay M. Clontz, Allison Rakowski, Nathan P. Snow, and Kurt C. Vercauteren

Production of embryos and a live offspring using post mortem reproductive material from bison (Bison bison bison) originating in Yellowstone National Park, USA, Hayley M. Benham, Matthew P. McCollum, Pauline Nol, Rebecca K. Frey, P. Ryan Clarke, Jack C. Rhyan, and Jennifer P. Barfield

Oral Rabies Vaccination of Small Indian Mongooses (Urva auropunctata) with ONRAB via Ultralite Baits, Are R. Berentsen, Israel Leinbach, Mel J. Rivera-Rodriguez, and Amy T. Gilbert

Plague Exposure in Mammalian Wildlife across the Western United States, Sarah N. Bevins, Jeffrey C. Chandler, Nicole Barrett, Brandon S. Schmit, Gerald W. Wiscomb, and Susan A. Shriner

European Starling Nest‐site Selection Given Enhanced Direct Nest Predation Risk, Bradley Blackwell, Thomas W. Seamans, Morgan Pfeiffer, and Bruce N. Buckingham

Variations, validations, degradations, and noninvasive determination of pregnancy using fecal steroid metabolites in free-ranging pronghorn, Cole A. Bleke, Eric M. Gese, and Susannah S. French

Impacts of a large invasive mammal on water quality in riparian ecosystems, Sara Bolds, B. Graeme Lockaby, Stephen S. Ditchkoff, Mark D. Smith, and Kurt C. Vercauteren

Rabies post-exposure healthcare-seeking behaviors and perceptions: Results from a knowledge, attitudes, and practices survey, Uganda, 2013, Sarah C. Bonaparte, Laura Adams, Barnabas Bakamutumaho, Galileu Barbosa Costa, Julie M. Cleaton, Amy Gilbert, Modupe Osinubi, Emily G. Pieracci, Sergio Recuenco, Victor Tugumizemu, Joseph Wamala, and Ryan M. Wallace

Determination of freedom-from-rabies for small Indian mongoose populations in the United States Virgin Islands, 2019–2020, A. Springer Browne, Hannah M. Cranford, Clint N. Morgan, James A. Ellison, Are Berentsen, Nicholas Wiese, Alexandra Medley, John Rossow, Leanne Jankelunas, Alan S. McKinley, Claudia D. Lombard, Nicole F. Angeli, Thomas Kelley, Jennifer Valiulus, Bethany Bradford, Valicia J. Burke-France, Cosme J. Harrison, Irene Guendel, Marissa Taylor, Gerard L. Blanchard, Jeffrey B. Doty, David J. Worthington, David Horner, Keith R. Garcia, Joseph Roth, Brett R. Ellis, Kristine M. Bisgard, Ryan Wallace, and Esther M. Ellis

Risks of introduction and economic consequences associated with African swine fever, classical swine fever and foot-and-mouth disease: A review of the literature, Vienna Brown, Ryan S. Miller, Sophie C. McKee, Karina H. Ernst, Nicole M. Didero, Rachel M. Maison, Meredith J. Grady, and Stephanie A. Shwiff

Reproductive trade-offs in the colorado checkered whiptail lizard (Aspidoscelis neotesselatus): an examination of the relationship between clutch and follicle size, Hannah E. Caracalas, S. S. French, S. B. Hudson, B. M. Kluever, A. C. Webb, D. Eifler, A. J. Lehmicke, and Lise M. Aubry

Towards a more comprehensive understanding of wild pig (Sus scrofa) impacts on agricultural producers: Insights from a Texas case study, Keith M. Carlisle, Nicole Didero, Sophie McKee, Julie Elser, and Stephanie A. Shwiff

SARS-CoV-2 exposure in wild white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), Jeffrey C. Chandler, Sarah N. Bevins, Jeremy W. Ellis, Timothy J. Linder, Rachel M. Tell, Melinda Jenkins-Moore, J. Jeffrey Root, Julianna B. Lenoch, Suelee Robbe-Austerman, Thomas J. DeLiberto, Tom Gidlewski, Mia Kim Torchetti, and Susan A. Shriner

Evaluating potential effects of solar power facilities on wildlife from an animal behavior perspective, Rachel Y. Chock, Barbara Clucas, Elizabeth K. Peterson, Bradley Blackwell, Daniel T. Blumstein, Kathleen Church, Esteban Fernández-Juricic, Gabriel Francescoli, Alison L. Greggor, Paul Kemp, Gabriela M. Pinho, Peter M. Sanzenbacher, Bruce A. Schulte, and Pauline Toni

Food habits of wintering double-crested cormorants in the Mississippi Delta, Terrel W. Christie, Brian S. Dorr, J. Brian Davis, Luke A. Roy, Carole R. Engle, Katie Hanson-Dorr, and Anita M. Kelly

Distribution and abundance of scaup using baitfish and sportfish farms in eastern Arkansas, Stephen A. Clements, Brian S. Dorr, Brian Davis, Luke A. Roy, Carole R. Engle, Katie C. Hanson-Dorr, and Anita M. Kelly

Scaup Depredation on Arkansas Baitfish and Sportfish Aquaculture, Stephen A. Clements, Brian S. Dorr, J. Brian Davis, Luke A. Roy, Carole R. Engle, Katie C. Hanson-Dorr, and Anita M. Kelly

Scaup Depredation on Arkansas Baitfish and Sportfish Aquaculture, Stephen A. Clements, Brian S. Dorr, J. Brian Davis, Luke A. Roy, Carole R. Engle, Katie C. Hanson-Dorr, and Anita M. Kelly

Behavioral state resource selection in invasive wild pigs in the Southeastern United States, Lindsay M. Clontz, Kim M. Pepin, Kurt C. Vercauteren, and James C. Beasley

Mongooses (Urva auropunctata) as reservoir hosts of leptospira species in the United States Virgin Islands, 2019–2020, Hannah M. Cranford, A. Springer Browne, Karen Lecount, Tammy Anderson, Camila Hamond, Linda Schlater, Tod Stuber, Valicia J. Burke-France, Marissa Taylor, Cosme J. Harrison, Katia Y. Matias, Alexandra Medley, John Rossow, Nicholas Wiese, Leanne Jankelunas, Leah de Wilde, Michelle Mehalick, Gerard L. Blanchard, Keith R. Garcia, Alan S. McKinley, Claudia D. Lombard, Nicole F. Angeli, David Horner, Thomas Kelley, David J. Worthington, Jennifer Valiulis, Bethany Bradford, Are Berentsen, Johanna S. Salzer, Renee Galloway, Ilana J. Schafer, Kristine Bisgard, Joseph Roth, Brett R. Ellis, Esther M. Ellis, and Jarlath E. Nally

Data-driven management—a dynamic occupancy approach to enhanced rabies surveillance prioritization, Amy J. Davis, Jordana D. Kirby, Richard B. Chipman, Kathleen M. Nelson, and Amy T. Gilbert

Reproductive success of captive-reared Allegheny Woodrats (Neotoma magister) released into genetically depauperate populations, Miracle M. Davis, Timothy J. Smyser, Scott A. Johnson, Joseph Duchamp, Jeffery L. Larkin, Robert K. Swihart, and Jacqueline M. Doyle

Mesopredator frugivory has no effect on seed viability and emergence under experimental conditions, John P. Draper, Trisha B. Atwood, Noelle G. Beckman, Karin M. Kettenring, and Julie K. Young

Avian influenza A virus susceptibility, infection, transmission, and antibody kinetics in European starlings, Jeremy W. Ellis, J. Jeffrey Root, Loredana M. McCurdy, Kevin T. Bentler, Nicole L. Barrett, Kaci K. VanDalen, Katherine L. Dirsmith, and Susan A. Shriner

Evidence on the effectiveness of small unmanned aircraft systems (sUAS) as a survey tool for North American terrestrial, vertebrate animals: a systematic map protocol, Jared A. Elmore, Michael F. Curran, Kristine O. Evans, Sathishkumar Samiappan, Meilun Zhou, Morgan B. Pfeiffer, Bradley F. Blackwell, and Raymond B. Iglay

Recolonizing carnivores: Is cougar predation behaviorally mediated by bears?, Kristin N. Engebretsen, Jon P. Beckmann, Carl W. Lackey, Alyson M. Andreasen, Cody Schroeder, Pat Jackson, and Julie K. Young

Principal economic effects of cormorant predation on catfish farms, Carole R. Engle, Terrel W. Christie, Brian S. Dorr, Ganesh Kumar, Luke A. Roy, and Anita M. Kelly

Economic effects of predation by scaup on baitfish and sportfish farms, Carole R. Engle, Stephen Clements, Brian S. Dorr, J. Brian Davis, Luke A. Roy, and Anita M. Kelly

Landscape Genetics of American Beaver in Coastal Oregon, Clinton W. Epps, Vanessa M. Petro, Tyler G. Creech, Rachel S. Crowhurst, Matthew J. Weldy, and Jimmy D. Taylor

Dietary flexibility of Wood Storks in response to human-induced rapid environmental change, Betsy A. Evans, Jessica A. Klassen, and Dale E. Gawlik